Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Species in news: Swamp Deer


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Swamp Deer

Mains level : NA

The population of the vulnerable eastern swamp deer, extinct elsewhere in South Asia, has dipped (from 907 in 2018 to 868 in 2020 ) in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve.

Swamp Deer

  • The swamp deer also called as barasingha is a deer species distributed in the Indian subcontinent.
  • Populations in northern and central India are fragmented, and two isolated populations occur in southwestern Nepal.
  • It has been locally extinct in Pakistan and Bangladesh, and its presence is uncertain in Bhutan.
  • In Assamese, barasingha is called dolhorina; dol meaning swamp.

Note: Swamp deers do occur in the Kanha National Park of Madhya Pradesh, in two localities in Assam, and in only 6 localities in Uttar Pradesh.

Conservation status

  • IUCN Red List: Endangered
  • CITES: Appendix I
  • Wildlife Protection Act of 1972: Schedule I


Try this PYQ:

Q. Consider the following fauna of India:

  1. Gharial
  2. Leatherback turtle
  3. Swamp deer

Which of the above is/are endangered?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None


Post your answers here.
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Sriram Bagh
Sriram Bagh
8 months ago
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Harsh Singhal
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Ashish Anand
8 months ago
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