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Srinagar gets tag of ‘World Craft City’, fourth from country


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Global Craft Cities in India, World Crafts Council International (WCCI)

Why in the News?

Srinagar has become the fourth Indian city to be recognised as a ‘World Craft City’ by the World Craft Council (WCC), three years after it was designated as part of the UNESCO Creative City Network (UCCN) for crafts and folk arts.

Craft Sector in Kashmir

  • The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage-Kashmir (INTACH-K) is working with the J&K Handicrafts department to map Srinagar’s craft sector in preparation for the final nomination.
  • Srinagar boasts a rich artisanal heritage, with over 20,000 registered craftsmen engaged in various disciplines such as papier mâché, walnut wood carving, hand-knotted carpets, and more.
  • Handicrafts contribute significantly to the local economy, with approximately 2.64% of J&K’s overall economic output attributed to the sector by 2016-17.
  • Notable Craft: Papier-Mache, Walnut Wood Carving, Carpets, Sozni embroidery and Pashmina and Kani shawls.

About World Craft Council (WCC International)

What is it? Non-profit, Non-governmental organization
  • Establishment in 1964;
  • Registered in Belgium as an international association without lucrative purpose (AISBL).
  • Affiliated to the UNESCO
Founders Kamaladevi Chattopadhay and Aileen Osborn Webb
Purpose To promote fellowship among craftspersons worldwide, foster economic development through craft-related activities, organize exchange programs, workshops, conferences, seminars, and exhibitions, and offer encouragement and advice to artisans.
Legal Status
  • Registered in Belgium as an international association without lucrative purpose (AISBL)
  • WCC is organized into five regions: Africa, Asia Pacific, Europe, Latin America, and North America.
  • European branch meets annually;
  • The General Assembly occurs every four years (took place in Chennai in 2012).

What is World Craft City (WCC) Designation?

  • The WCC initiative was launched in 2014 by the World Crafts Council AISBL (WCC-International).
  • It recognizes the pivotal role local authorities, craftspeople, and communities play in cultural, economic, and social development worldwide.
  • India has only 3 cities designated as World Craft City:
  1. Jaipur (Kundan Jadai (Gem setting), Meenakari Jewellery, Lac-based craft, Gotta Patti Work etc. )
  2. Mysuru (Kinnal paintings, Sandalwood carvings, Rosewood Inlay etc. )
  3. Mamallapuram (Stone Carving continuing since Pallava dynasty (275 CE to 897 CE))


[2018] Safeguarding the Indian art heritage is the need of the moment. Comment (10M) 

[2018] Consider the following pairs:

  1. Puthukkuli shawls — Tamil Nadu
  2. Sujni embroidery — Maharashtra
  3. Uppada Jamdani saris — Karnataka

Craft Heritage of which of the pairs given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 3 only

(d) 2 and 3

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