Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

What are Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD)?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Neglected Tropical Diseases

Mains level : Burden of NTD in India

The ongoing World Health Assembly has declared January 30 as ‘World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) Day’.

Neglected Tropical Diseases

  • NTDs are a group of infections that are most common among marginalized communities in the developing regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas.
  • They are caused by a variety of pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and parasitic worms.
  • These diseases generally receive less funding for research and treatment than malaises like tuberculosis, HIV-AIDS and malaria.
  • Some examples of NTDs include snakebite envenomation, scabies, yaws, trachoma, Leishmaniasis and Chagas disease.

Significance of global recognition

  • NTDs affect more than a billion people globally, according to the WHO. They are preventable and treatable.
  • However, these diseases and their intricate interrelationships with poverty and ecological systems — continue to cause devastating health, social and economic consequences.
  • A major milestone in the movement to recognize the global burden of these diseases was the London Declaration on NTDs that was adopted January 30, 2012.
  • The first World NTD Day was celebrated informally in 2020. This year, the new NTD road map was launched.

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