Police Reforms – SC directives, NPC, other committees reports

What is an Interpol Blue Corner Notice?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Interpol, Blue Corner Notice

Mains level: NA

Why in the news?

  • Karnataka’s political landscape is rocked by accusations of sexual abuse against a sitting MP belonging to a prominent political family.
  • Following explicit video leaks allegedly implicating him, Interpol has issued a Blue Corner notice, as he remains on the run.

INTERPOL’s Notice System:

  • The Interpol issues various types of notices to its member countries about individuals who are either missing or wanted.
  • While these notices aren’t legally binding and countries aren’t required to act on them, they are commonly used to arrest and extradite suspects.

The following entities can request for a notice:

  • Notice request by the Member Country
  • International Criminal Tribunals and the International Criminal Court can also request notices for individuals accused of serious crimes like genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity under their jurisdiction.
  • The United Nations can request notices related to enforcing sanctions imposed by the Security Council.

What are Blue Corner Notice?

  • Purpose: Blue corner notice, also known as an “enquiry notice,” facilitates sharing critical crime-related information, including criminal records verification and locating individuals.
  • Example: In January 2020, Interpol issued a blue corner notice to locate fugitive Nithyananda, a self-styled godman.

About INTERPOL (International Criminal Police Organization)

  • Established in Vienna, Austria (1923), it enables cross-border police cooperation and supports and assists all organizations, authorities and services whose mission is to prevent or combat international crime.
  • An inter-governmental organization comprising 195 member countries,
  • Facilitates better coordination among police forces globally
  • Enables member countries to share and access data on crimes and criminals
  • Offers technical and operational support to member countries
  • Manages 19 police databases containing information on crimes and criminals, accessible in real-time
  • Provides investigative support, including forensics, analysis, and assistance in locating fugitives worldwide.
  • Run by a Secretary General
  • Headquarters located in Lyon, France
  • Global complex for innovation based in Singapore.
  • Several satellite offices in different regions.

I-24/7 Service: Global Police Communications System that provides a common platform for the member countries’ police organizations to share sensitive and urgent police information.

India’s Membership
  • Joined in June 1956.
Functioning in Member Countries
  • Each member country has a National Central Bureau (NCB), serving as the central point of contact for the general secretariat and other NCBs worldwide
  • NCBs are typically managed by police officials and situated in the government ministry responsible for policing (e.g., CBI in India)
  • Interpol’s databases contain various information, from names and fingerprints to stolen passports, accessible in real-time to member countries
  • Provides investigative support to member countries, aiding in forensic analysis and locating fugitives globally.
Notices Interpol issues seven types of notices:

  1. Red Notice: Seeks the location and provisional arrest of fugitives.
  2. Blue Notice: Requests information about a person’s identity or activities.
  3. Green Notice: Warns about individuals likely to repeat crimes.
  4. Yellow Notice: Aids in locating missing persons.
  5. Black Notice: Seeks information about unidentified bodies.
  6. Orange Notice: Warns of imminent threats to public safety.
  7. Purple Notice: Seeks or provides information on criminal methods.

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