Parliament – Sessions, Procedures, Motions, Committees etc

What is No-Confidence Motion?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: No-Confidence Motion

Mains level: Not Much

Central Idea

  • Opposition parties belonging to the new Alliance INDIA plan to move a no-confidence motion against the government to force the PM to speak on Manipur unrest.

Motion of No-Confidence

  • In the Indian parliamentary system, a motion of no-confidence plays a crucial role in assessing the government’s strength and accountability.
  • This motion allows opposition parties or any member to express their lack of confidence in the Council of Ministers, leading to a significant political event.

Procedure for No-Confidence Motion:

  • Rule 198: The procedure for a no-confidence motion is laid down under Rule 198 of the rules of procedure and conduct of the Lok Sabha.
  • Absence of Grounds: Such does not require specific grounds to be mentioned in the motion, and even if mentioned, these grounds do not form part of the motion.
  • Lok Sabha Exclusive: It can only be moved in the Lok Sabha and not in the Rajya Sabha.
  • Written Notice: Any member of the Lok Sabha can move a no-confidence motion by providing a written notice before 10 am.
  • Acceptance and Discussion: For the motion to be accepted, a minimum of 50 members must support it. Once accepted, the Speaker announces the date for the motion’s discussion within 10 days.
  • Voting: Voting can be conducted through a voice vote, division vote (using electronic gadgets, slips, or a ballot box), or a secret ballot vote.

Implications of Voting

  • Majority Decision: Following the vote, the side with the majority determines the motion’s outcome.
  • Speaker’s Role: In the event of a tie, the Speaker casts the deciding vote to resolve the impasse.


  • Government Resignation: If the government fails to prove its majority in the House, it is obligated to resign from power.
  • Political Impact: A successful no-confidence motion can lead to significant political changes and reshuffling of the government.

Try this PYQ:

Q. Consider the following statements regarding a No-Confidence Motion in India:

  1. There is no mention of a No-Confidence Motion in the Constitution of India.
  2. A Motion of No-Confidence can be introduced in the Lok Sabha only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Post your answers here.
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9 months ago
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