Modern Indian History-Events and Personalities

Who was P.N. Panicker?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: P.N. Panicker and his contribution

Mains level: Not Much

The President of India has recently unveiled the statue of Shri P.N. Panicker at Poojappura, Thiruvananthapuram.

P.N. Panicker (1909-1995)

  • Puthuvayil Narayana Panicker is known as the Father of the Library Movement of Kerala.
  • June 19, his death anniversary, has been observed in Kerala as Vayanadinam (Reading Day) since 1996.
  • In 2017, PM has declared June 19, Kerala’s Reading Day, as National Reading Day in India.
  • The following month is also observed as National Reading Month in India


  • Panicker led the formation of Thiruvithaamkoor Granthasala Sangham (Travancore Library Association) in 1945 with 47 rural libraries.
  • The slogan of the organization was ‘Read and Grow’.
  • Later on, with the formation of Kerala State in 1956, it became Kerala Granthasala Sangham (KGS).
  • He traveled to the villages of Kerala proclaiming the value of reading.
  • Grandhasala Sangham won the ‘Krupsakaya Award’ from UNESCO in 1975.
  • It became the Kerala State Library Council, with an in-built democratic structure and funding.


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