From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Rani Gaidinliu
Mains level : Not Much
Union Home Minister has laid the foundation for ‘Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum’ in Imphal, Manipur.
- Gaidinliu (26 January 1915 – 17 February 1993) was a Naga spiritual and political leader who led a revolt against British rule in India.
- At the age of 13, she joined the Heraka religious movement of her cousin Haipou Jadonang.
- The movement later turned into a political movement seeking to drive out the British from Manipur and the surrounding Naga areas.
- Within the Heraka faith, she came to be considered an incarnation of the Goddess Cherachamdinliu.
Meeting with Pt. Nehru
- Gaidinliu was arrested in 1932 at the age of 16, and was sentenced to life imprisonment by the British rulers.
- Jawaharlal Nehru met her at Shillong Jail in 1937 and promised to pursue her release.
- Nehru gave her the title of “Rani” (“Queen”), and she gained local popularity as Rani Gaidinliu.
- She was released in 1947 after India’s independence and continued to work for the upliftment of her people.
- An advocate of the ancestral Naga religious practices, she staunchly resisted the conversion of Nagas to Christianity.
- She was honored as a freedom fighter and was awarded a Padma Bhushan by the Government of India.