Modern Indian History-Events and Personalities

Who was Rani Gaidinliu?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Rani Gaidinliu

Mains level: Not Much

Union Home Minister has laid the foundation for ‘Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum’ in Imphal, Manipur.

Rani Gaidinliu

  • Gaidinliu (26 January 1915 – 17 February 1993) was a Naga spiritual and political leader who led a revolt against British rule in India.
  • At the age of 13, she joined the Heraka religious movement of her cousin Haipou Jadonang.
  • The movement later turned into a political movement seeking to drive out the British from Manipur and the surrounding Naga areas.
  • Within the Heraka faith, she came to be considered an incarnation of the Goddess Cherachamdinliu.

Meeting with Pt. Nehru

  • Gaidinliu was arrested in 1932 at the age of 16, and was sentenced to life imprisonment by the British rulers.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru met her at Shillong Jail in 1937 and promised to pursue her release.
  • Nehru gave her the title of “Rani” (“Queen”), and she gained local popularity as Rani Gaidinliu.

Her legacy

  • She was released in 1947 after India’s independence and continued to work for the upliftment of her people.
  • An advocate of the ancestral Naga religious practices, she staunchly resisted the conversion of Nagas to Christianity.
  • She was honored as a freedom fighter and was awarded a Padma Bhushan by the Government of India.


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