Road and Highway Safety – National Road Safety Policy, Good Samaritans, etc.

Z-Morh tunnel to be ready in April


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Z-Morh tunnel

Mains level: Not Much


The crucial Z-Morh tunnel that connects Gagangir and Sonamarg on the Srinagar-Leh highway will be inaugurated next month in April.

What is Z-Morh tunnel?

  • Z-Morh tunnel, also known as the Zoji-Morh Tunnel, is an under-construction tunnel located in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The tunnel is being constructed at an elevation of 11,578 feet and is expected to provide all-weather connectivity to the Kashmir Valley.


  • The Z-Morh tunnel is located on National Highway 1D, which is the only road that connects the Kashmir Valley to the rest of India.
  • The tunnel is being constructed in the Zoji-Morh region, which is a high-altitude mountain pass located on the Srinagar-Leh Highway.

It’s Construction

  • The Z-Morh tunnel is being constructed at a length of 6.5 km and is expected to be completed at a cost of around Rs. 2,000 crore.
  • The tunnel will have a two-lane carriageway and will be constructed using the latest tunnelling technology.
  • The project is being executed by the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL).


  • The tunnel is expected to provide all-weather connectivity to the Kashmir Valley, which is currently cut off from the rest of India for several months during the winter season due to heavy snowfall and avalanches.
  • The tunnel will also reduce the travel time between Srinagar and Leh by around four hours, as it will eliminate the need to cross the Zoji-Morh pass.


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