[Prelims Spotlight] Unnat Bharat Abhiyan, National framework for Malaria Elimination , NFME), Press Freedom Index, HySIS (Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite)

Here are 3 Back2Basics collections from today’s news items

B2B #1: From news- More institutions to work for rural development

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan

  1. This is an HRD Ministry initiative launched in 2014 with the two-fold aim to provide rural India with professional resource support from institutes of higher education in the field of STEM
  2. And Building institutional capacity in Institutes of higher education in research & training relevant to the needs of rural India
  3. This programme will be launched in collaboration with the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), Indian Institutes of Science Education & Research (IISERs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) throughout the country
  4. Each IIT/NIT/IISER will identify 10 villages in its neighborhood and work out technologies to solve the most pressing issues of the region
  5. Various teams from these institutes will visit the villages, identify problems and then aim to find financially-viable schemes.

 

B2B #2: From news- Expand national programmes to eliminate malaria by 2030: WHO

National framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME)

  1. NFME outlines the strategies for eradication of the disease by 2030
  2. It classifies districts or states/UTs depending upon their Annual Parasite Incidence (API) or malaria
    endemicity into categories 0,1,2,3
  3. API number gives the number of cases affected by malaria per 1000 population per annum
  4. The milestones and targets are set for 2016, 2020, 2022, 2024, 2027 and 2030 by when the entire country has sustained zero indigenous cases and deaths due to malaria for 3 years and initiated the processes for certification of malaria elimination status to the country
  5. The objectives of the NFME are to:
  • Eliminate malaria from all low (Category 1) and moderate (Category 2) endemic states/UTs (26) by 2022
  • Reduce the incidence of malaria to less than 1 case per 1000 population in all States/UTs and the districts and malaria elimination in 31 states/UTs by 2024
  • Interrupt indigenous transmission of malaria in all States/ UTs (Category 3) by 2027;
  • Prevent re-establishment of local transmission of malaria in areas where it has been eliminated and to maintain the malaria-free status of the country by 2030

 

B2B #3: From news- Press freedom: India falls to 138, North Korea remains most repressive country in RSF rankings

Press Freedom Index

  1. The Press Freedom Index is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders based upon the organization’s own assessment of the countries’ press freedom records in the previous year
  2. It intends to reflect the degree of freedom that journalists, news organizations, and netizens have in each country, and the efforts made by authorities to respect this freedom
  3. A smaller score on the report corresponds to greater freedom of the press as reported by the organization
  4. The index only deals with press freedom and does not measure the quality of journalism nor does it look at human rights violations in general
  5. The report is partly based on a questionnaire which asks questions about pluralism, media independence, environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, and infrastructure
  6. Violence against journalists, netizens, and media assistants, including abuses attributable to the state, armed militias, clandestine organizations or pressure groups, are monitored by RSF staff during the year and are also part of the final score

 

As a part of revision for Prelims 2018, Here’s a Factoid to brush up your concepts

Name : HySIS (Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite)

Details : Earth observation satellite, using a critical chip it has developed called “optical imaging detector array”

 

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