Agmark, Hallmark, ISI, BIS, BEE and Other Ratings

Agmark, Hallmark, ISI, BIS, BEE and Other Ratings

[pib] HUID System in Jewellery Industry

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Hallmark Gold

Mains level : Not Much

Hallmarking scheme is turning out to be a grand success with more than 1 crore pieces of Jewellery hallmarked in a quick time” with more than 90000 Jewelers registered in a same time period.

What is Hallmark Gold?

  1. The process of certifying the purity and fineness of gold is called hallmarking.
  2. Bureau of Indian Standards, the National Standards Body of India, is responsible for hallmarking gold as well as silver jewellery under the BIS Act.
  3. If you see the BIS hallmark on the gold jewellery/gold coin, it means it conforms to a set of standards laid by the BIS. Hallmarking gives consumers assurance regarding the purity of the gold they bought.
  4. That is, if you are buying hallmarked 18K gold jewellery, it will actually mean that 18/24 parts are gold and the rest is alloy.
  5. At present, only 30% of Indian Gold Jewellery is hallmarked.

Here are the four components one must look at the time of buying gold (they are mentioned in the laser engraving of a hallmark seal):

  1. BIS Hallmark: Indicates that its purity is verified in one of its licensed laboratories
  2. Purity in carat and fineness (corresponding to given caratage KT)
  • 22K916 (91.6% Purity)
  • 18K750 (75% Purity)
  • 14K585 (58.5% Purity)

What is HUID?

  • HUID is a unique code that will be given to every piece of jewellery at the time of hallmarking.
  • It will be helpful in identifying the jeweller or the Assaying and Hallmarking Centres (AHCs) which had hallmarked the jewellery.
  • It will be a six-digit alphanumeric code, with which every piece of jewellery will be tagged.
  • At the hallmarking centre, the jewellery is stamped with the unique number manually.

What are the new hallmarking rules?

  • The government has made it mandatory for jewellers to hallmark gold jewellery, but with some relaxation.
  • Jewellers with an annual turnover of up to Rs 40 lakh will be exempted from mandatory hallmarking.
  • Similarly, jewellery for international exhibitions and government-approved business-to-business domestic exhibitions will also be exempted.
  • It will also allow hallmarking of additional carats — 20, 23, and 24.

Issues with HUID

  • Jewellers say the HUID process has increased the time required to get the hallmarking on jewels and this has created huge backlogs at AHCs.
  • Since the process is being done manually, there are also chances of a mismatch of the code, he adds.
  • The inventory pile-up at the centres is also raising concerns about the security of the jewellery.
  • Several industry stakeholders point out the limited number of AHCs, which will not be enough to hallmark the large number of pieces that are sold in India every year.

Answer this PYQ from CSP 2017

Q.Consider the following statements:

  1. The Standard Mark of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is mandatory for automotive tyres and tubes.
  2. AGMARK is a quality Certification Mark issued by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Post your answers here.
1
Please leave a feedback on thisx

UPSC 2022 countdown has begun! Get your personal guidance plan now! (Click here)

Agmark, Hallmark, ISI, BIS, BEE and Other Ratings

[pib] Research Design & Standards Organization

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : One nation One standard Mission

Mains level : NA

RDSO (Research Design & Standards Organization) of Indian Railways has become the FIRST Institution to be declared SDO under the “One Nation One Standard ” mission of BIS ( Bureau of Indian Standards).

About RDSO

  • Research Designs & Standards Organization (RDSO), Lucknow, \ is the sole R&D Wing of the Ministry of Railways.
  • It is one of India’s leading Standard formulating Body undertaking standardization work for the railway sector.

Answer this PYQ in the comment box:

Q.Consider the following statements:

  1. The Standard Mark of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is mandatory for automotive tyres and tubes.
  2. AGMARK is a quality Certification Mark issued by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

What is One Nation One Standard mission?

  • The purpose of setting standards and enforcing them is not to bring back “inspection raj” but to ensure that quality products are made available to consumers.
  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the only national body that frames standards, has come out with more than 20,000 standards for various products and services so far.
  • Besides this, there are about 50-odd agencies that have framed about 400 standards in the country.
  • There are multiple standards in the country for a single product/service. The new mission is to converge such standards with the BIS.

Objectives of the mission:

  • No one should feel the need to go abroad to get a quality certification.
  • Lab testing in India should be of world standards. Modern equipment and the latest technologies would be used there.

Why such a move?

  • Having uniform national standards will help in making it mandatory for more products.
  • The government proposes to set Indian standards in line with the global benchmarks, just like other countries enforce their standards on imported products.
  • The Centre, through this move, wants foreign goods coming into India to comply with Indian standards.

Back2Basics: Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

  • BIS is the National Standards Body of India working under the aegis of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution.
  • It is established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 which came into effect on 23 December 1986.
  • The organization was formerly the Indian Standards Institution (ISI), set up under the Resolution of the Department of Industries and Supplies in September 1946.
  • The ISI was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • A new Bureau of Indian standard (BIS) Act 2016 has been brought into force with effect from 12 October 2017.
  • The Act establishes the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) as the National Standards Body of India.

Agmark, Hallmark, ISI, BIS, BEE and Other Ratings

[pib] Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Hallmark

Mains level : Not Much

Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery is set to begin from 15th June 2021.

What is Hallmark Gold?

  1. The process of certifying the purity and fineness of gold is called hallmarking.
  2. Bureau of Indian Standards, the National Standards Body of India, is responsible for hallmarking gold as well as silver jewellery under the BIS Act.
  3. If you see the BIS hallmark on the gold jewellery/gold coin, it means it conforms to a set of standards laid by the BIS. Hallmarking gives consumers assurance regarding the purity of the gold they bought.
  4. That is, if you are buying hallmarked 18K gold jewellery, it will actually mean that 18/24 parts are gold and the rest is alloy.
  5. At present, only 30% of Indian Gold Jewellery is hallmarked.

Here are the four components one must look at the time of buying gold (they are mentioned in the laser engraving of a hallmark seal):

  1. BIS Hallmark: Indicates that its purity is verified in one of its licensed laboratories
  2. Purity in carat and fineness (corresponding to given caratage KT)
  • 22K916 (91.6% Purity)
  • 18K750 (75% Purity)
  • 14K585 (58.5% Purity)
  1. Assaying & Hallmarking Centre’s mark
  2. Jeweler’s unique identification mark

Answer this PYQ from CSP 2017 in the comment box

Q.Consider the following statements:

  1. 1. The Standard Mark of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is mandatory for automotive tyres and tubes.
    2. AGMARK is a quality Certification Mark issued by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Why need hallmark?

  • Hallmarking will enable Consumers/Jewellery buyers to make the right choice and save them from any unnecessary confusion while buying gold.
  • It will enhance the credibility of gold Jewelry and Customer satisfaction through third-party assurance for the marked purity/fineness of gold, consumer protection.
  • This step will also help to develop India as a leading gold market center in the World.

Agmark, Hallmark, ISI, BIS, BEE and Other Ratings

All gold jewellery to bear hallmark

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Hallmark

Mains level : Not Much

The Centre will go ahead with its plan to mandate hallmarking of gold jewellery from June 1. The plan had been delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Note: Gold hallmarking is a purity certification and is voluntary at present.

What is Hallmark Gold?

  • The process of certifying the purity and fineness of gold is called hallmarking.
  • Bureau of Indian Standards, the National Standards Body of India, is responsible for hallmarking gold as well as silver jewellery under the BIS Act.
  • If you see the BIS hallmark on the gold jewellery/gold coin, it means it conforms to a set of standards laid by the BIS. Hallmarking gives consumers assurance regarding the purity of the gold they bought.
  • That is, if you are buying hallmarked 18K gold jewellery, it will actually mean that 18/24 parts are gold and the rest is alloy.

Here are the four components one must look at the time of buying gold (they are mentioned in the laser engraving of a hallmark seal):

  1. BIS Hallmark: Indicates that its purity is verified in one of its licensed laboratories
  2. Purity in carat and fineness (corresponding to given caratage KT)
    •     22K916 (91.6% Purity)
    •     18K750 (75% Purity)
    •     14K585 (58.5% Purity)
  3. Assaying & Hallmarking Centre’s mark
  4. Jeweler’s unique identification mark

Try this PYQ from CSP 2017:

Q. Consider the following statements:
1. The Standard Mark of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is mandatory for automotive tyres and tubes.
2. AGMARK is a quality Certification Mark issued by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Why such a move now?

  • As per the new rules, if jewellery or an artefact made of 14-, 18- or 22-carat gold is sold without the BIS hallmark, the jeweller could be penalized five times the cost of the object or imprisoned for up to one year.
  • About 40% of gold jewellery is sold with a hallmark.
  • Mandatory hallmarking would protect the public against lower caratage and ensure consumers did not get cheated while buying gold ornaments and got the purity as marked on the ornaments.

Agmark, Hallmark, ISI, BIS, BEE and Other Ratings

[pib] One Nation One Standard Mission

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : One Nation One Standard, BIS

Mains level : One Nation One Standard

It’s time to embark on Mission “One Nation One Standard” and make India the leader in setting global benchmarks in setting standards, highlighted the Food and Consumer Affairs Minister.

One Nation One Standard

  • The purpose of setting standards and enforcing them is not to bring back “inspection raj” but to ensure that quality products are made available to consumers.
  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the only national body that frames standards, has come out with more than 20,000 standards for various products and services so far.
  • Besides this, there are about 50-odd agencies that have framed about 400 standards in the country.
  • There are multiple standards in the country for a single product/service. The new mission is to converge such standards with the BIS.

Main objectives:

  • No one should feel the need to go abroad to get the quality certification.
  • Lab testing in India should be of world standards. Modern equipment and the latest technologies would be used there.

Why such a move?

  • Having uniform national standards will help in making it mandatory for more products.
  • The government proposes to set Indian standards in line with the global benchmarks, just like other countries enforce their standards on imported products.
  • The Centre, through this move, wants foreign goods coming into India to comply with Indian standards.

Try this PYQ:

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Standard Mark of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is mandatory for automotive tyres and tubes.
  2. AGMARK is a quality Certification Mark issued by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Back2Basics: Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

  • BIS is the National Standards Body of India working under the aegis of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution.
  • It is established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 which came into effect on 23 December 1986.
  • The organisation was formerly the Indian Standards Institution (ISI), set up under the Resolution of the Department of Industries and Supplies in September 1946.
  • The ISI was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • A new Bureau of Indian standard (BIS) Act 2016 has been brought into force with effect from 12 October 2017.
  • The Act establishes the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) as the National Standards Body of India.

Agmark, Hallmark, ISI, BIS, BEE and Other Ratings

[pib] Star Labelling Programme

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Voluntary star labelling program, BEE, UDIT

 

The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has included Deep Freezer and Light Commercial Air Conditioners (LCAC) under its Star Rating Programme on a voluntary basis.

What is the news?

  • The program will be initially launched in voluntary mode from 2ndMarch, 2020 to 31st December, 2021.
  • Thereafter, it will be made mandatory after reviewing the degree of market transformation in this particular segment of appliances.
  • In order to cover split ACs beyond the scope of existing BEE star labeling program upto a cooling capacity of 18kW, BEE has prepared a star labeling program for split ACs having cooling capacities in excess of 10.5kW and upto 18.0 kW.
  • This category of Air conditioners is termed as LCAC primarily due to their application in commercial air conditioning.
  • Through this initiative, it is expected to save around 2.8 Billion Units by FY2030, which is equivalent to GHG reduction of 2.4-million-ton Carbon Dioxide.

Why such move?

  • Energy Efficiency has the maximum GHG abatement potential of around 51% followed by renewables (32%), biofuels (1%), nuclear (8%), carbon capture and storage (8%) as per the World Energy Outlook (WEO 2010).
  • India can avoid building 300 GW of new power generation up to 2040 with the implementation of ambitious energy efficiency policies (IEA – India 2020).
  • Successful implementation of Energy Efficiency Measures contributed to electricity savings of 86.60 BUs i.e. 7.14% of total electricity consumption of the country and emission reduction of 108.28 million tonnes of CO2 during 2017-18.

About Star Labeling Programme

  • The programme has been formulated by Bureau of Energy Efficiency, as part of its mandate, under the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
  • Under this Programme, BEE has covered 24 appliances till date wherein 10 appliances are under the mandatory regime.
  • The existing BEE star labelling program for Air Conditioners is based on Indian Standard IS 1391 part 1, part 2 and covers AC with cooling capacities up to 10.5kW.

Other facts: UDIT

  • Urja Dakshata Information Tool (UDIT) (udit.beeindia.gov.in), a first-ever initiative taken by BEE with the World Resources Institute (WRI), to facilitate a database on energy e­fficiency was also launched.
  • UDIT is a user-friendly platform that explains the energy efficiency landscape of India across industry, appliances, building, transport, municipal and agriculture sectors.
  • UDIT will also showcase the capacity building and new initiatives taken up by the Government across the sectors in the increasing energy efficiency domain.

Agmark, Hallmark, ISI, BIS, BEE and Other Ratings

[pib] BIS Gold Hallmarking

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : BIS Hallmark

Mains level : Ensuring gold purity and standardisation

Gold hallmarking is being made mandatory to ensure consumers are not cheated, are better informed about purity and corruption is removed.

Gold Hallmarking

  • Bureau of Indian Standards (Hallmarking) Regulations, 2018 were notified w.e.f. 14.06.2018. BIS is running a hallmarking scheme for gold jewelry since April 2000.
  • The BIS Act 2016 has enabling provisions under Section 14 & Section 16 for mandatory hallmarking of Gold jewellery & artefacts by the Central Government.
  • This made it compulsory for all the jewelers selling  Gold jewellery and artefacts to register with BIS & sell only hallmarked Gold jewellery & artefacts.
  • The caratage is marked on jewelry in addition to fineness for convenience of consumers, e.g. for 22 carat jewelry, 22K will be marked in addition to 916, for 18 carat jewelry, 18K will be marked in addition to 750 and for 14 carat jewelry, 14K will be marked in addition to 585.

Agmark, Hallmark, ISI, BIS, BEE and Other Ratings

[pib] New Energy Performance Standards for Air Conditioners

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Voluntary star labelling program

Mains level : Quest for energy efficient equipments in India

The Central Government in consultation with the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has notified new energy performance standards for Room Air Conditioner (RACs).

240C default setting

  • The 240C default setting has been made mandatory from Jan 1, 2020 for all room air conditioners covered under the ambit of BEE star-labelling program vide this notification.
  • Additionally, the Indian Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (ISEER) as per the new standards will range from (3.30 – 5.00) for split and (2.70 – 3.50) for window air conditioners, which will be applicable from 1st January 2021 onwards.
  • ISEER is the energy performance index used for Room Air Conditioners (RACs) and its assessment is based on the bin hours defined in ISO 16358.

Voluntary star labelling program

  • BEE launched the voluntary star labelling program for fixed-speed room air conditioners (RACs) in 2006, and this program became mandatory on 12th January 2009.
  • Thereafter, in 2015, voluntary star labelling program for inverter room air conditioners was launched and which was made mandatory with effect from 1st January 2018.
  • The BEE star labelling program for Room Air Conditioners now covers both fixed and inverter RAC up to a cooling capacity of 10,465 watts (2.97 TR).
  • Continual enhancement in performance levels has resulted in substantial energy efficiency improvement of about 43% in the minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for split units, which are the most popular RACs sold in the market.

About BEE

  • BEE is a statutory body under the Ministry of Power, Government of India.
  • It is assisted in developing policies and strategies with the primary objective of reducing the energy intensity of the Indian economy.
  • BEE coordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies, and other organization to identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing the functions assigned to it under the energy conservation act.
Subscribe
Notify of
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments