6 Jan 2018 | Prelims Daily with Previous Year Questions & [Tikdams]

Dear student,

One of these questions would have application of Tikdams. Tikdams are smart hacks which help you arrive at the right answer with basic knowledge. Broadly speaking, there are 2 types:

  1. Elimination Tikdams: Extrapolate your basic knowledge to eliminate options which appear out of context. Zero down on 2 choices and then mark the question as per your risk appetite
  2. Estimation Tikdams: Read the question well and work out the answer from within the options – Most of the times UPSC plays with words or embeds clues within the question. A smart aspirant figures them out!

With strong basics and regular practice, you will be able to arrive at a very robust Tikdam framework of your own. To know more, read about this technique here, IAS 2016 by Dr. V & Tikdams 

Note: Please comment your responses to questions in the comment section. It will help you in assessing yourself.

Q.1) Consider the following statements about the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) Status under the World Trade Organisation (WTO):
1. Under MFN, a WTO member country is obliged to treat other trading nation in a non-discriminatory manner, especially with regard to customs duty and other levies.
2. India has accorded MFN status to all the WTO members, including Pakistan.
3. This status is given in accordance with the provisions of the General Agreement on Trade and Services under WTO.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 3 only
d) All of the above
Inspired by: Govt says no proposal to review Most Favored Nation status to Pakistan


Statement 1: The words “Most Favoured” can be elusive in making you think that it is some special and discriminatory treatment but it is not.
Statement 2: The agreement requires every WTO member to extend this status to every other nation and hence India has extended it to all the members. But Pakistan is a defaulter/ violator in this case who has not accorded the MFN status to India. Just because it is a blanket statement having “all” in it, doesn’t mean it is wrong.
Statement 3: This requires specific knowledge and also reading carefully even when you know it well, you might mark it wrong in haste. Read carefully!
In conclusion, even in such a specific question, tikdam can at least help reach near action. But such questions inevitably require some amount of specific information/ knowledge.

Q.2) With reference to the ‘Environment Pollution and Prevention Control Authority (EPCA)’ which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It is an SC-mandated body.
2. It has enforced the graded response action plan (GRAP).
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) Neither 1 nor 2
b) 1 only
c) 2 only
d) Both 1 and 2
Inspired by: [op-ed snap] Hope for good air

Q.3) Consider the following statements regarding Aerosols
1.Aerosols are tiny particles made from super-fine solid particles only
2.Aerosols can modify the size of existing cloud particles,
and changes the rate of cloud’s reflection and absorption of sunlight .
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) With reference to the ‘Government securities’, consider the following statements:
1. It is a tradable instrument.
2. These securities cannot be issued by the State Governments.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
Inspired by: Govt seeks Parliament nod for Rs80,000 crore recap bonds

Q.5) With reference to the ‘internal complaints committee (ICC)’ mandated under the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act of 2013, recently seen in news, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It can include member from any NGO working for women’s causes.
2. The constitution of an ICC is compulsory in any branch or office that employs more than 10 people.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) Neither 1 nor 2
b) 1 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) 2 only
Inspired by: Notice to govt. on law for working women

Q.6) Under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, who shall be the authority to initiate the process for determining the nature and extent of individual or community forest rights or both?
a) State Forest Department
b) District Collector/Deputy Commissioner
c) Tahsildar /Block Development Officer / Mandai Revenue Officer
d) Gram Sabha

Q.7) Improper handling and storage of cereal grains and oilseeds result in the production of toxins known as aflatoxins which are not generally destroyed by normal cooking process. Aflatoxins are produced by
a) bacteria
b) protozoa
c) moulds
d) viruses

Q.8) ‘Economic Justice’ the objectives of Constitution has been as one of the Indian provided in
a) the Preamble and Fundamental Rights
b) the Preamble and the Directive Principles of State Policy
c) the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy
d) None of the above


1. Daily newscards have been enriched with back2basics and note2students – Make notes daily

2. Liked Tikdams? Join our Flagship TS which helps you perfect this approach – Flagship Prelims for IAS 2018

3. For attempting previous Prelims Daily Questions – Click here

4. Click here for Solutions.


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