Tourism Sector

Boosting India’s Tourism Sector


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: NA

Mains level: Tourism Sector and Economic Growth

Tourism Sector

Central Idea

  • India’s travel and tourism sector is one of the fastest-emerging tourist destinations in the world, and it is poised to be the key axis of development in the coming years. Budget 2023, which marks the beginning of Amrit Kaal, the period of intense robust growth, has outlined the path to developing tourism in mission mode.

Vision to develop 50 destinations

  • G20 provided Economic Boost: India’s presidency of the G20 and Prime Minister’s vision to develop 50 tourist destinations across the country have provided a significant boost to the tourism sector.
  • Global ranking: This initiative is expected to improve India’s global ranking on the World Economic Forum’s Travel & Tourism Development Index.
  • Employment opportunities: The development of these destinations will create more employment opportunities and contribute to the overall GDP growth of the country.

The central government’s push on tourism

  • Various policies and initiatives: The central government is committed to supporting the travel and tourism sector by implementing various policies and initiatives.
  • Six themes for the development in Union budget: The Union budget has identified six themes for the development of the sector, including convergence, public-private participation, creativity, innovation, digitization, and development of destinations.

Power of collaboration

  • Collaboration is essential: Collaboration between the government, private sector, and local communities is essential for the development and promotion of tourism in India. This collaborative approach stimulates creativity, enhances competitiveness, and achieves visionary results.
  • For example: The Prime Minister has cited examples of successful collaborations, such as Kashi, Kedarnath, the Statue of Unity, and Pavagadh, to demonstrate how a unified approach can boost tourism in a region.

Role of Technology in Tourism

  • Interdependence: Technology and tourism are becoming increasingly interdependent, and a coordinated approach that adopts technology can boost the tourism sector in India.
  • Employing Augmented and virtual reality: Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) can provide travellers with virtual tours and simulations of famous landmarks and cultural experiences.
  • Artificial intelligence: Artificial Intelligence (AI)-powered chatbots and digital assistants can assist travellers in planning their trips and provide real-time assistance while travelling.

“6P” approach to unlocking India’s tourism potential

  • 6P: Planning, Place, People, Policy, Process, and Promotion
  • Unlocking India’s tourism potential requires a comprehensive strategy that addresses the six key pillars 6Ps.
  • The government’s Budget Session addressed all these 6Ps effectively by covering destination planning and management, infrastructure development, sustainability and safety, development of human capital, policy and process interventions to align the Centre and states as well as promoting the narrative of Indian tourism.

Tourism: A state subject

  • Tourism is constitutionally a state subject, and the central tourism department has been advocating for it to be moved to the Concurrent List to allow policy-making at both the central and state levels.
  • Granting tourism infrastructure status will provide further impetus to the growth of the sector.
  • The government is also considering the establishment of a National Tourism Board.

Tourism Sector


  • With the right policies and initiatives in place, it’s the ideal time for India to turbo-charge efforts to be among the top three travel and tourism economies globally.

Mains Question

Q. What are the six themes identified by the Union Budget for the development of India’s travel and tourism sector? How India can boost its economic growth through robust tourism sector? Discuss


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