Labour, Jobs and Employment – Harmonization of labour laws, gender gap, unemployment, etc.

Centre’s new labour codes to allow 4-day work per week


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Various labour laws

Mains level: 4-day work and its benefits

The Centre under its new labour codes would soon provide an option for organisations to allow their employees to work for four days in a week.

What is the news?

  • The proposed new labour codes could provide companies with the flexibility of four working days in a week.

What does this mean?

  • The working hour’s limit of 48 hours for a week will remain unchanged.
  • This implies that there will be long working hours if the working days are reduced.
  • Having a reduced number of working days does not mean a cut in paid holidays.
  • Therefore, when the new rules will provide the flexibility of four working days, it would imply three paid holidays.

Roll out of the proposal

  • The Ministry of Labour and Employment is likely to complete the process to finalise the rules for four labour codes soon.
  • The provision of flexibility to have reduced working days of four days in the labour code rules will mean that companies will not require prior government nod to enact it.

Why such a move?

  • The well-being of employees improves with less workload. Working parents can spare more time for the childcare.
  • It helps the economy and the environment since power and fuel consumption is reduced.

Ahead of Labour reforms

  • The ministry is in the final phase of amalgamating 44 central labour laws into four broad codes.
  • The four Codes include- Code on Wages, Industrial Relations, Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions (OSH) and Social Security Codes.


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