From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2020
Mains level : Developed countries and thier negligence for Climate action
India, for the first time, ranks among the top 10 countries in this year’s Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI). Last year, India was ranked 12th.
- The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an annual publication by Germanwatch, NewClimate Institute and Climate Action Network Europe.
- Its aim is to put political and social pressure on those countries that have, until now, failed to take ambitious action on climate protection, and to highlight those countries with best practice climate policies.
- It evaluates the climate protection performance of 60 countries, responsible for over 90% of global energy-related CO2 emissions.
- The report states that the current level of per capita emissions and energy use in India ranks ninth in the higher category.
- The Indian government has yet to develop a roadmap for the phase-out of fossil fuel subsidies that would consequently reduce the country’s high dependence on coal.
- In short, more stringent laws and amendments should be made to achieve climate change targets.
- The 2015 accord saw nations agree to work towards limiting global temperature rises to “well below” two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
- The U.S. and Saudi Arabia are among major polluters showing “hardly any signs” of reducing their greenhouse gas production.
- While climate performance varied greatly — even within the EU, with Sweden leading the way — the report found that none of the countries surveyed were currently on a path compatible with the Paris climate goals.
- China, the world’s largest single emitter, was found to have taken “medium action” due to its high investment in renewables.