GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

Cultivation of GI-tagged Onattukara Sesame


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Onattukara Ellu (Sesame)

Mains level : NA

Onattukara Sesame


  • Kerala is taking efforts to expand the cultivation of Geographical Indication (GI)-tagged Onattukara sesame, a unique and valuable agricultural product.
  • Onattukara sesame was granted the GI tag in January this year.

Onattukara Sesame (Ellu )


Region of Cultivation

Primarily cultivated in the Onattukara region, covering Alappuzha, Kollam, and Pathanamthitta districts in Kerala, India.
Medicinal Properties Onattukara sesame is known for its medicinal properties and high quality.
Traditional Use Traditional ayurvedic doctors in the region have used Onattukara sesame oil for treating rheumatism and skin protection since the 18th century.
Nutritional Value Rich in vitamin E and antioxidants. Contains essential fatty acids like oleic acid, linoleic acid, and palmitoleic acid.
Varieties Grown in various varieties, including ‘ayali,’ Kayamkulam-1, thilak, thilathara, and thilarani, developed by ORARS, Kayamkulam.
Market Potential Obtaining the GI tag is expected to increase its popularity and market value, leading to higher prices for sesame seeds and oil.
Pricing Current prices: Sesame seeds – ₹200 to ₹250 per kilogram, Sesame oil – ₹500 to ₹600 per kilogram.

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