From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Onattukara Ellu (Sesame)
Mains level : NA
- Kerala is taking efforts to expand the cultivation of Geographical Indication (GI)-tagged Onattukara sesame, a unique and valuable agricultural product.
- Onattukara sesame was granted the GI tag in January this year.
Onattukara Sesame (Ellu )
Region of Cultivation
|Primarily cultivated in the Onattukara region, covering Alappuzha, Kollam, and Pathanamthitta districts in Kerala, India.|
|Medicinal Properties||Onattukara sesame is known for its medicinal properties and high quality.|
|Traditional Use||Traditional ayurvedic doctors in the region have used Onattukara sesame oil for treating rheumatism and skin protection since the 18th century.|
|Nutritional Value||Rich in vitamin E and antioxidants. Contains essential fatty acids like oleic acid, linoleic acid, and palmitoleic acid.|
|Varieties||Grown in various varieties, including ‘ayali,’ Kayamkulam-1, thilak, thilathara, and thilarani, developed by ORARS, Kayamkulam.|
|Market Potential||Obtaining the GI tag is expected to increase its popularity and market value, leading to higher prices for sesame seeds and oil.|
|Pricing||Current prices: Sesame seeds – ₹200 to ₹250 per kilogram, Sesame oil – ₹500 to ₹600 per kilogram.|