From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Kadalundi Mudflats
Mains level : NA
- Kadalundi’s mudflats are shrinking drastically with sands cover.
- These mudflats have been a vital source of sustenance for thousands of migrant shorebirds, offering abundant prey like polychaetes and crustaceans.
About Kadalundi Mudflats
- Kadalundi Mudflats are situated in the Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary, which is located in the Kozhikode district of Kerala, along the southwestern coast of India. The sanctuary encompasses estuarine wetlands, mudflats, and mangrove forests.
- The mudflats are part of the estuarine ecosystem formed at the confluence of the Kadalundi River and the Arabian Sea.
- This unique environment is influenced by both freshwater from the river and saline water from the sea, creating a diverse habitat.
- Kadalundi Mudflats are renowned for their rich biodiversity, especially in terms of avian species.
- The Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary and the mudflats are protected under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.
- The mudflats serve as a critical habitat for various resident and migratory birds.
- It is estimated that over 100 species of resident and migratory birds visit the area, making it a paradise for birdwatchers and ornithologists.
- They are a crucial stopover point for migratory birds travelling along the East Asia-Australasia Flyway.