GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

All that you need to know about GI tags in India

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

In news: Channapatna Toys

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : GI Indications in news

Mains level : NA

The COVID-19 pandemic has dealt a crippling blow to the Channapatna Toys industry.

Must read:

GI Tags in news for 2020 Prelims

All time GI tags in news

Channapatna Toys

  • Channapatna toys are a particular form of wooden toys (and dolls) that are manufactured in the town of Channapatna in the Ramanagara district of Karnataka.
  • This traditional craft is protected as a geographical indication (GI) under the World Trade Organization, administered by the state govt.
  • As a result of the popularity of these toys, Channapatna is known as Gombegala Ooru (toy-town) of Karnataka.
  • Traditionally, the work involved lacquering the wood of the Wrightia tinctoria tree, colloquially called Aale mara (ivory-wood).
  • Their manufacture goes back at least 200 years according to most accounts and it has been traced to the era of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan in the 18th century.
  • The toys are laced with vegetable dyes and colours devoid of chemicals and hence they are safe for children.

Back2Basics: Geographical Indications in India

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for the protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the WTO enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • GI protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

Kashmir saffron gets GI certificate

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Kashmir Saffron

Mains level : Not Much

The J&K administration has issued the certificate of geographical indication (GI) registration for saffron grown in the Kashmir Valley.

Must read:

GI Tags in news for 2020 Prelims

All time GI tags in news

Kashmir saffron

  • It is cultivated and harvested in the Karewa (highlands) in some regions of Kashmir, including Pulwama, Budgam, Kishtwar and Srinagar.
  • It is a very precious and costly product. Iran is the largest producer of saffron and India is a close competitor.
  • It rejuvenates health and is used in cosmetics and for medicinal purposes.
  • It has been associated with traditional Kashmiri cuisine and represents the rich cultural heritage of the region.
  • Saffron cultivation is believed to have been introduced in Kashmir by Central Asian immigrants around 1st Century BCE. In ancient Sanskrit literature, saffron is referred to as ‘bahukam’.

3 Types

The saffron available in Kashmir is of three types —

  • ‘Lachha Saffron’, with stigmas just separated from the flowers and dried without further processing;
  • ‘Mongra Saffron’, in which stigmas are detached from the flower, dried in the sun and processed traditionally; and
  • ‘Guchhi Saffron’, which is the same as Lachha, except that the latter’s dried stigmas are packed loosely in air-tight containers while the former has stigmas joined together in a bundle tied with a cloth thread

Whats’ so special about Kashmir Saffron?

  • The unique characteristics of Kashmir saffron are its longer and thicker stigmas, natural deep-red colour, high aroma, bitter flavour, chemical-free processing, and high quantity of crocin (colouring strength), safranal (flavour) and picrocrocin (bitterness).
  • It is the only saffron in the world grown at an altitude of 1,600 m to 1,800 m AMSL (above mean sea level), which adds to its uniqueness and differentiates it from other saffron varieties available the world over.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

GI tag for Sohrai Khovar painting, Telia Rumal

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Telia Rumal, Sohrai Khovar painting

Mains level : Not Much

Jharkhand’s Sohrai Khovar painting and Telangana’s Telia Rumal were given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indications Registry.

This year, many GI tags have been allocated. A few of them to count are- Kashmir saffron, Manipur black rice, Gorakhpur terracotta, Kovilpatti kadalai mittai etc.  Check here for more.

Sohrai Khovar painting

  • The Sohrai Khovar painting is a traditional and ritualistic mural art being practised by local tribal women in the area of Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand.
  • The painting is primarily being practised only in the district of Hazaribagh. However, in recent years, for promotional purposes, it has been seen in other parts of Jharkhand.
  • It is prepared during local harvest and marriage seasons using local, naturally available soils of different colours in the area.
  • Traditionally painted on the walls of mud houses, they are now seen on other surfaces, too.
  • The style features a profusion of lines, dots, animal figures and plants, often representing religious iconography.
  • In recent years, the walls of important public places in Jharkhand, such as the Birsa Munda Airport in Ranchi, and the Hazaribagh and Tatanagar Railway Stations, among others, have been decorated with these paintings.

Telia Rumal

  • Telia Rumal cloth involves intricate handmade work with cotton loom displaying a variety of designs and motifs in three particular colours — red, black and white.
  • The Rumal can only be created using the traditional handloom process and not by any other mechanical means as otherwise, the very quality of the Rumal would be lost.
  • During the Nizam’s dynasty, Puttapaka, a small, backward village of the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh had about 20 families engaged in handloom weaving, who were patronized by rich families and the Nizam rulers.
  • The officers working in the court of the Nizam would wear the Chituki Telia Rumal as a symbolic representation of status.
  • Telia Rumals were worn as a veil by princesses at the erstwhile court of the Nizam of Hyderabad, and as a turban cloth by Arabs in the Middle East.

Back2Basics: Geographical Indications in India

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the WTO enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

Kashmir saffron gets GI tag

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Kashmir Saffron

Mains level : GI tags and their significance

Kashmir saffron has been given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indications Registry.

Must read:

GI Tags in news for 2020 Prelims

All time GI tags in news

Kashmir saffron

  • It is cultivated and harvested in the Karewa (highlands) in some regions of Kashmir, including Pulwama, Budgam, Kishtwar and Srinagar.
  • It is a very precious and costly product. Iran is the largest producer of saffron and India is a close competitor.
  • It rejuvenates health and is used in cosmetics and for medicinal purposes.
  • It has been associated with traditional Kashmiri cuisine and represents the rich cultural heritage of the region.
  • Saffron cultivation is believed to have been introduced in Kashmir by Central Asian immigrants around 1st Century BCE. In ancient Sanskrit literature, saffron is referred to as ‘bahukam’.

3 Types

The saffron available in Kashmir is of three types —

  • ‘Lachha Saffron’, with stigmas just separated from the flowers and dried without further processing;
  • ‘Mongra Saffron’, in which stigmas are detached from the flower, dried in the sun and processed traditionally; and
  • ‘Guchhi Saffron’, which is the same as Lachha, except that the latter’s dried stigmas are packed loosely in air-tight containers while the former has stigmas joined together in a bundle tied with a cloth thread

Whats’ so special about Kashmir Saffron?

  • The unique characteristics of Kashmir saffron are its longer and thicker stigmas, natural deep-red colour, high aroma, bitter flavour, chemical-free processing, and high quantity of crocin (colouring strength), safranal (flavour) and picrocrocin (bitterness).
  • It is the only saffron in the world grown at an altitude of 1,600 m to 1,800 m AMSL (above mean sea level), which adds to its uniqueness and differentiates it from other saffron varieties available the world over.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

GI tag to Manipur black rice, Gorakhpur terracotta and Kovilpatti kadalai mittai

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : GI mentioned in the news

Mains level : Not Much

Chak-Hao, the black rice of Manipur and the Gorakhpur terracotta and the Kovilpatti kadalai mittai of Tamil Nadu have bagged the Geogrphical Indication (GI) tag.

Must read: GI Tags in news for 2020 Prelims

Chak-Hao

  • Chak-Hao, the scented glutinous rice which has been in cultivation in Manipur over centuries.
  • It is characterized by its special aroma. It is normally eaten during community feasts and is served as Chak-Hao kheer.
  • The application for Chak-Hao was filed by the Consortium of Producers of Chak-Hao (Black Rice), Manipur and was facilitated by the Department of Agriculture.
  • Chak-Hao has also been used by traditional medical practitioners as part of traditional medicine.
  • According to the GI application filed, this rice takes the longest cooking time of 40-45 minutes due to the presence of a fibrous bran layer and higher crude fibre content.
  • At present, the traditional system of Chak-Hao cultivation is practised in some pockets of Manipur.
  • Direct sowing of pre-soaked seeds and also transplantation of rice seedlings raised in nurseries in puddled fields are widely practised in the State’s wetlands.

Gorakhpur terracotta

  • The terracotta work of Gorakhpur is a centuries-old traditional art form, where the potters make various animal figures like, horses, elephants, camel, goat, ox, etc. with hand-applied ornamentation.
  • The application was filed by Laxmi Terracotta Murtikala Kendra in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Some of the major products of craftsmanship include the Hauda elephants, Mahawatdar horse, deer, camel, five-faced Ganesha, singled-faced Ganesha, elephant table, chandeliers, hanging bells etc.
  • The entire work is done with bare hands and artisans use natural colour, which stays fast for a long time.
  • There are more than 1,000 varieties of terracotta work designed by the local craftsmen.
  • The craftsmen are mainly spread over the villages of Aurangabad, Bharwalia, Langadi Gularia, Budhadih, Amawa, Ekla etc. in Bhathat and Padri Bazar, Belwa Raipur, Jungle Ekla No-1, Jungle Ekla No-2 in Chargawan block of Gorakhpur.

Kovilpatti kadalai mittai

  • It is a candy made of peanuts held together with glistening syrup, and topped with wisps of grated coconut dyed pink, green and yellow.
  • It is made using all natural ingredients such as the traditional and special ‘vellam’ (jaggery) and groundnuts and water from the river Thamirabarani is used in the production, which enhances the taste naturally.
  • It is manufactured in Kovilpatti and adjacent towns and villages in Thoothukudi district.
  • It is produced by using both groundnuts and jaggery (organic jaggery), in carefully selected quantities from selected specific locations in Tamil Nadu.

Back2Basics: Geographical Indications in India

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the WTO enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

[pib] List of certain G.I. Tagged Handloom Textile Products

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Read the attached story

Mains level : NA

The Ministry of Textiles provides financial assistance for registration of handloom products under the Geographical Indications (GI) of Goods Act, 1999.

So far, 65 handloom products and 6 product logos are registered under GI Act. State- wise list of handloom products is as under:

[Note: It’s neither necessary nor possible to memorize all these GIs. But a simple overlook is advised.]

 

S.No.

Geographical Indications

Goods

State

1 Uppada Jamdani Sarees Handloom Andhra Pradesh
2 Venkatagiri Sarees Handloom Andhra Pradesh
3 Mangalagiri Sarees And Fabrics Handloom Andhra Pradesh
4 Dharmavaram Handloom Pattu Sarres And Paavadas Handloom Andhra Pradesh
5 Muga Silk of Assam Handloom Assam
6 Bhagalpur Silk Handloom Bihar
7 Champa Silk Saree And Fabrics Handloom Chhattisgarh
8 Tangaliya Shawl Handloom Gujarat
9 Kachchh Shawls Handloom Gujarat
10 Patan Patola Handloom Gujarat
11 Kullu Shawl Handloom Himachal Pradesh
12 Kinnauri Shawl Handloom Himachal Pradesh
13 Kashmir Pashmina Handloom Jammu & Kashmir
14 Kani Shawl Handloom Jammu & Kashmir
15 Navalgund Durries Handloom Karnataka
16 Ilkal Sarees Handloom Karnataka
17 Molakalmuru Sarees Handloom Karnataka
18 Udupi Sarees Handloom Karnataka
19 Cannanore Home Furnishings Handloom Kerala
20 Balaramapuram Sarees And Fine Cotton Fabrics Handloom Kerala
21 Kasaragod Sarees Handloom Kerala
22 Kuthampully Sarees Handloom Kerala
23 Chendamangalam Dhoties & Set Mundu Handloom Kerala
24 Kuthampully Dhoties & Set Mundu Handloom Kerala
25 Chanderi Sarees Handloom Madhya Pradesh
26 Maheshwar Sarees & Fabrics Handloom Madhya Pradesh
27 Solapur Chaddar Handloom Maharashtra
28 Paithani Sarees And Fabrics Handloom Maharashtra
29 Shaphee Lanphee Handloom Manipur
30 Wangkhei Phee Handloom Manipur
31  Moirang Phee Handloom Manipur
32 Kotpad Handloom Fabric Handloom Odisha
33 Orissa Ikat Handloom Odisha
34 Khandua Saree And Fabrics Handloom Odisha
35 Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics Handloom Odisha
36 Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics Handloom Odisha
37 Sambalpuri Bandha Saree & Fabrics Handloom Odisha
38 Bomkai Saree & Fabrics Handloom Odisha
39 Habaspuri Saree & Fabrics Handloom Odisha
40 Berhampur Patta (Phoda Kumbha) Saree & Joda Handloom Odisha
41 Kota Doria Handloom Rajasthan
42 Kancheepuram Silk Handloom Tamil Nadu
43 Bhavani Jamakkalam Handloom Tamil Nadu
44 Madurai Sungudi Handloom Tamil Nadu
45 Arani Silk Handloom Tamil Nadu
46 Kovai Kora Cotton Sarees Handloom Tamil Nadu
47 Salem Silk know as Salem Venpattu Handloom Tamil Nadu
48 Pochampally Ikat Handloom Telangana
49 Gadwal Sarees Handloom Telangana
50 Siddipet Gollabama Handloom Telangana
51 Narayanpet Handloom Sarees Handloom Telangana
52 Agra Durrie Handloom Uttar Pradesh
53 Banaras Brocades And Sarees Handloom Uttar Pradesh
54 Mirzapur Handmade Dari Handloom Uttar Pradesh
55 Santipore Saree Handloom West Bengal
56 Baluchari Saree Handloom West Bengal
57 Dhaniakhali Saree Handloom West Bengal
58 RajKot Patola Handloom Gujarat
59 Mysore Silk Handloom Karnataka
60 Guledgudd Khana Handloom Karnataka
61 Solapur Terry Towel Handloom Maharashtra
62 Karvath Kati Tussar Sarees And Fabrics Handloom Maharashtra
63 Chakhesang Shawls Handloom Nagaland
64 Salem Fabric Handloom Tamil Nadu
65 Warangal Durries Handloom Telangana

 

Details of GI Registered Handloom Products Logos
1 Mysore Silk (Logo) Handloom Karnataka
2 Muga Silk of Assam (Logo) Handloom Assam
3 Kullu Shawl (Logo) Handloom Himachal Pradesh
4 Navalgund Durries (Logo) Handloom Karnataka
5 Kota Doria (Logo) Handloom Rajasthan
6 Banaras Brocades and Sarees (Logo) Handloom Uttar Pradesh

 

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

TN’s Dindigul lock and Kandangi Saree get GI tag

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : About the GI tag

Mains level : Benefits of GI Indications

  • Two well-known products from Tamil Nadu — Dindigul lock and Kandangi Saree — have been given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by The Geographical Indications Registry in Chennai.

Dindigul Lock

  • The Dindigul locks are known throughout the world for their superior quality and durability, so much so that even the city is called Lock City.
  • Government institutions such as prisons, godowns, hospitals, and even temples use these locks instead of other machine-made ones.
  • The application for the lock was made by the Dindigul Lock, Hardware and Steel Furniture Workers Industrial Co-operative Society Limited.
  • More than 3,125 lock manufacturing units are limited to an area of 5 km in and around Dindigul.
  • The abundance of iron in this region is the reason for the growth of the industry.
  • There are over 50 varieties of locks made by the artisans using raw materials such as MS flat plates and brass plates procured from the nearby towns, including Madurai and Salem.

Kandangi Saree

  • The Kandangi sarees are manufactured in the entire Karaikudi taluk in Sivaganga district.
  • They are characterised by large contrast borders and some are known to have borders covering as far as two-thirds of the saree which is usually around 5.10 m-5.60 m in length.
  • Worn in summer, these cotton sarees are usually bought by customers in bulk.
  • The Amarar Rajeev Gandhi Handloom Weavers Co-operative Production and Sales Society Limited filed the application for the Kandangi saree.

Back2Basics

Geographical Indications in India

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the WTO enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.
  • Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

[pib] Four New Products get GI Tag

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Read the attached story

Mains level : Significance of GI tagging

  • The Geographical Indication (GI) under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade has recently registered 4 new GIs:
  1. Palani Panchamirtham from Palani Town in Dindigul District of Tamil Nadu
  2. Tawlhlohpuan and
  3. Mizo Puanchei from the state of Mizoram and
  4. Tirur Betel leaf from Kerala

Palani Panchamirtham

  • PalaniPanchamirtham, an abishegaPrasadam, from Palani Town is one of the main offerings in the Abisegam of Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy, the presiding deity of the Temple.
  • It is a combination of five natural substances, namely, banana, jaggery sugar, cow ghee, honey and cardamom in a definite proportion.
  • It is prepared in a natural method without addition of any preservatives or artificial ingredients and is well known for its religious fervour and gaiety.
  • This is the first time a temple ‘prasadam’ from Tamil Nadu has been bestowed with the GI tag.

Tawlhlohpuan

  • Tawlhlohpuan, a medium to heavy, compactly woven, good quality fabric from Mizoram is known for warp yarns, warping, weaving & intricate designs that are made by hand.
  • Tawlhloh, in Mizo language, means ‘to stand firm or not to move backward’. Tawlhlohpuan, which holds high significance in the Mizo society, is produced throughout the state of Mizoram, Aizawl and Thenzawl town being the main centre of production.

Mizo Puanchei

  • Mizo Puanchei, a colourful Mizo shawl/textile, from Mizoram, is considered as the most colourful among the Mizo textiles.
  • It is an essential possession for every Mizo lady and an important marriage outfit in the state.
  • It is also the most commonly used costume in Mizo festive dances and official ceremonies.
  • The weavers insert the designs and motifs by using supplementary yarns while weaving to create this beautiful and alluring textile.

Tirur betel vine

  • Tirur betel vine from Kerala is mainly cultivated in Tirur, Tanur, Tirurangadi, Kuttippuram, Malappuram and Vengara block panchayaths of Malappuram District.
  • It is valued both for its mild stimulant action and medicinal properties.
  • Even though it is commonly used for making pan masala for chewing, it has many medicinal, industrial and cultural usages and is considered as a remedy for bad breath and digestive disorders.

Back2basics

Geographical Indications in India

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the WTO enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement

Why GI tag?

  • GI is an indication used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • GI products can benefit the rural economy in remote areas, by supplementing the incomes of artisans, farmers, weavers and craftsmen.
  • India’s rural artisans possess unique skills and knowledge of traditional practices and methods, passed down from generation to generation, which need to be protected and promoted.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

‘Panchamirtham’ of Palani temple gets GI tag

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : About the GI tag

Mains level : Significance of GI tagging


  • The famous Palani panchamirtham, given as ‘prasadam’ at the Murugan temple at Palani has been granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
  • This is the first time a temple ‘prasadam’ from Tamil Nadu has been given the GI tag.

About the Panchamirtham

  • It is sweet in taste and one of the main offerings for Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy, the presiding deity of Arulmigu Dhandayuthapani Swamy Temple, situated on Palani Hills.
  • The panchamirtham is a combination of five natural substances — banana, jaggery, cow ghee, honey and cardamom.
  • Dates and diamond sugar candies are added for flavour.
  • The panchamirtham is an ‘abhishega prasadam’ (food that is a religious offering), which is served in a semi-solid state.
  • Not even a single drop of water is added during the preparation of the panchamirtham.
  • This gives it its classic semi-solid consistency and taste. No preservatives or artificial ingredients are used.

What’s special with it?

  • The whole process of producing the panchamirtham is automated. It is doubly ensured that the hygienic aspects are maintained.
  • Devotees who visit the temple are offered the panchamirtham as a prasadam in the hill temple as well as in stalls run by temple administration at Adivaram.
  • It is believed that the panchamirtham cures diseases of devotees.

About the region

  • As per the GI application, the geographical area for production of panchamirtham is Palani town in Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu. It lies within latitude of 10.44 ° and longitude of 77.52 °.
  • According to the GI application filed, the Palani panchamirtham is prepared under the guidance given by the CFTRI (Central Food Technological Research Institute) Mysore, a government of India undertaking.

Back2Basics

Geographical Indications in India

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the WTO enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement.https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/panchamirtham-of-palani-temple-gets-gi-tag/article29089343.ece?homepage=true

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

[pib] Pashmina Products Receive BIS Certification

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Pashmina Wool

Mains level : BIS Certification


  • Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has published an Indian Standard for identification, marking and labelling of Pashmina products to certify its purity.

Pashmina

  • Pashmina is a fine type of cashmere wool. The textiles made from it were first woven in Kashmir.
  • The wool comes from a number of different breeds of the cashmere goat; such as the changthangi or Kashmir pashmina goat from the Changthang Plateau in Tibet and part of the Ladakh region and few parts of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Often shawls called shahmina are made from this material in Kashmir and Nepal; these shawls are hand spun and woven from the very fine cashmere fibre.
  • Traditional producers of pashmina wool are people known as the Changpa.

Benefits

  • The certification will help curb the adulteration of Pashmina and also protect the interests of local artisans and nomads who are the producers of Pashmina raw material.
  • It will also assure the purity of Pashmina for customers.
  • It will ensure better prices for the goat herding community in Ladakh as well as for the local handloom artisans producing genuine Pashmina products.

About Pashmina goat

  • The Changthangi or Pashmina goat is a special breed of goat indigenous to the high altitude regions of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • They are raised for ultra-fine cashmere wool, known as Pashmina once woven. The Textiles are handspun and were first woven in Kashmir.
  • The Changthangi goat grows a thick warn undercoat which is the source of Kashmir Pashmina wool – the world’s finest cashmere measuring between 12-15 microns in fiber thickness.
  • These goats are generally domesticated and reared by nomadic communities called the Changpa in the Changthang region of Greater Ladakh.
  • The Changthangi goats have revitalized the economy of Changthang, Leh and Ladakh region.

Back2Basics

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

  • The BIS is the national Standards Body of India working under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution.
  • It is established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 which came into effect on 23 December 1986.
  • The Minister in charge of the Ministry or Department having administrative control of the BIS is the ex-officio President of the BIS.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

GI tag in news:  Odisha’s Rasagola and Kodaikanal’s Malai Poondu Garlic

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Read the attached story

Mains level : Significance of GI tagging

  • The Rasagola, a popular dessert of Odisha and Kodaikanal’s malai poondu Garlic has received the geographical indication tag from the Registrar of Geographical Indication.

About Odisha Rasagola

  • The registration was conferred to ‘Odisha Rasagola’ under Section 16(I) or of authorized Section 17(3)(c) of Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999.
  • The GI number 612 has been registered in favour of the Odisha Small Industries Corporation Limited (OSIC Limited), a government of Odisha undertaking and Utkal Mistanna Byabasayee Samiti, a traders’ organisation, in the foodstuff category.
  • According to the application submitted to the Registrar of GI, ‘Odisha Rasagola’ is a sweet from the state of Odisha made of chhena (cottage cheese) cooked in sugar syrup.
  • This culinary is offered to Lord Jagannath as part of bhog since centuries.
  • Colour development of the ‘Odisha Rasagola’ is very specific, where without addition of external colour, various intensely-coloured rasagolas are prepared using the principle of caramelisation of sugar with specific methods of preparation.

History of Rasagola

  • Both Odisha and West Bengal have been contesting the origin of the rasagola.
  • Historical records submitted say the ‘Odisha Rasagola’ is associated with world famous Puri Jagannath Temple.
  • As per Record of Rights, this is the duty of Bhitarachha Sebaka. It is mentioned in Bhitarachha Sebara Niyama and published in Record of Rights, Part‐III, Orissa Gazette.
  • The reference of rasagola is found in the late 15th-century Odia Ramayana written by Balaram Das.
  • Balaram Das’s Ramayana is known as Dandi Ramayana or Jagamohana Ramayana as it was composed and sung at the Jagamohana of the Puri Temple.
  • In its ‘Ajodhya Kanda’, another religious script, one comes across elaborate descriptions of chhena and chhena‐based products including Rasagola.


About Kodaikanal’s malai poondu Garlic

  • Also known by its scientific name Allium Sativum, this particular garlic is known for its medicinal and preservative properties. It is grown in the Kodaikanal Hills, Dindugul district.
  • It has anti-oxidant and anti-microbial potential, which is attributed to the presence of higher amount of organosulfur compounds, phenols and flavonoids compared to other garlic varieties.
  • Its usually white or pale yellow and each bulb weighs 20-30g on an average.
  • According to the GI application, Kodaikanal Hill Garlic cultivation is done twice in a year, once around May and for second time in November depending upon the suitability of the climate.
  • The hill altitude, the misty condition and the soil prevailing in the Kodaikanal region are responsible for its medicinal property and the long storage shelf life of the garlic.

Back2Basics

Geographical Indications in India

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the WTO enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement. See also the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement, the Lisbon Agreement, the Geneva Act.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

Kolhapuri chappal gets GI Tag

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Kolhapuri Chappal, GI Tag

Mains level : Implications of GI Tags


  • Kolhapuris, the sturdy leather chappal that rose from its humble rural origins to occupy the high table of fashion globally, now has a Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
  • The Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks has granted the GI tag for Kolhapuris to a large area in Maharashtra and Karnataka, covering four districts in each state.

Kolhapuri Chappal

  • According to the GI application made by the two states, Kolhapuris can be traced back to the 12th century King Bijjal who ruled Bidar in Karnataka.
  • His prime minister Vishwaguru Basavanna wanted to create a casteless society and remove the stigma associated with the cobbler community.
  • The community embraced Lingayat faith and used its creative skills to start producing footwear known equally for its ruggedness and regal bearing.
  • Brand Kolhapuri came into being only in the beginning of 20th century when the footwear began to be traded in Kolhapur.
  • Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj (1874-1922) of Kolhapur encouraged its production and 29 tanning centres were opened during his rule in Kolhapur.

What GI tag means for the Kolhapuris?

  • The GI tag will open large markets – both domestic and international – to the artisans producing Kolhapuris in Kolhapur, Solapur, Sangli and Satara districts of Maharashtra and Dharwad, Belgaum, Bagalkot and Bijapur districts of Karnataka.
  • What the GI tag means is that footwear produced only in these eight districts will qualify to carry the tag of being Kolhapuris.

Back2Basics

Geographical Indications in India

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the WTO enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement. See also the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement, the Lisbon Agreement, the Geneva Act.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

GI tag for Kandhamal and Erode Turmeric

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Kandhamal and Erode Turmeric

Mains level : GI Indications and their importance

  • ‘Kandhamal Haldi’, a variety of turmeric indigenous to southern Odisha, has earned the GI tag.
  • Earlier this month, Erode turmeric also got a GI tag from the Geographical Indication Registry.

Kandhamal Haldi

  • Kandhamal in Odisha’s southern hinterland is famed for its turmeric, a spice that enjoys its pride of place in an array of cuisines.
  • The agricultural product also stands out for its healing properties and arresting aroma.
  • The GI tag was primarily developed with the purpose of recognising the unique identity connecting different products and places.
  • For a product to get GI tag it has to have a unique quality, reputation or characteristic which is attributable to its geographic origin. ‘Kandhamal Haldi’ has been placed under Class-30 type

Other associated facts

  • The Kandhamal turmeric was accorded the tag on the state’s Foundation Day.
  • Odisha, on April 1 1936, was carved out as a separate state in the then British India on a linguistic identity.

Erode turmeric

  • Erode turmeric is a rhizome, both finger and bulb obtained from the Erode local cultivar.
  • In its claim for uniqueness, the application said the mean length of the fingers of Erode turmeric was about 4.15cm and the mean circumference was about 3.03cm.
  • The mean bulb length of the mother rhizome is about 4.54cm and the mean circumference is 6.54cm.
  • Quality parameters of the turmeric included 2.5 to 4.5% of curcumin content, a golden yellow colour and resistence to pests after boiling.

Back2Basics

Geographical Indications in India

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004. There are a total of 325productsfrom India that carry this indication.
  • Darjeeling Tea, Mahabaleshwar Strawberry, Blue Pottery of Jaipur, Banarasi Sarees and Tirupati Laddus are some of the GIs.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement. See also the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement, the Lisbon Agreement, the Geneva Act.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

[pib] GI Certification for five varieties of Indian coffee

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Indian Economy| Issues relating to intellectual property rights

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level:  Various varieties of coffee mentioned

Mains level: GI Indications and their importance


News

  • The DPIIT has recently awarded Geographical Indication (GI) to five varieties of Indian coffee.
  • The recognition and protection that comes with GI certification will allow the coffee producers of India to invest in maintaining the specific qualities of the coffee grown in that particular region.
  • It will also enhance the visibility of Indian coffee in the world and allow growers to get maximum price for their premium coffee.

GI Tag for 5 Indian Coffee varieties

  1. Coorg Arabica coffee 
  • It is grown specifically in the region of Kodagu district in Karnataka.
  1. Wayanaad Robusta coffee 
  • It is grown specifically in the region of Wayanad district which is situated on the eastern portion of Kerala.
  1. Chikmagalur Arabica coffee 
  • It is grown specifically in the region of Chikmagalur district and it is situated in the Deccan plateau, belongs to the Malnad region of Karnataka.
  1. Araku Valley Arabica coffee 
  • It is coffee from the hilly tracks of Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha region at an elevation of 900-1100 Mt MSL.
  • The coffee produce of Araku, by the tribals, follows an organic approach in which they emphasise management practices involving substantial use of organic manures, green manuring and organic pest management practices.
  1. Bababudangiris Arabica coffee 
  • It is grown specifically in the birthplace of coffee in India and the region is situated in the central portion of Chikmagalur district.
  • Selectively hand-picked and processed by natural fermentation, the cup exhibits full body, acidity, mild flavour and striking aroma with a note of chocolate.
  • This coffee is also called high grown coffee which slowly ripens in the mild climate and thereby the bean acquires a special taste and aroma.

Coffee cultivation in India

  • In India, coffee is cultivated in about 4.54 lakh hectares by 3.66 lakh coffee farmers of which 98% are small farmers. Coffee cultivation is mainly done in the Southern States of India:
  1. Karnataka – 54%
  2. Kerala – 19%
  3. Tamil Nadu – 8%
  • Coffee is also grown in non-traditional areas like Andhra Pradesh and Odisha (17.2%) and North East States (1.8%).
  • The Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee, a unique specialty coffee from India, was given GI certification earlier.

Unique features of Indian Coffee

  • India is the only country in the world where the entire coffee cultivation is grown under shade, hand-picked and sun dried.
  • India produces some of the best coffee in the world, grown by tribal farmers in the Western and Eastern Ghats, which are the two major bio-diversity hotspots in the world.
  • Indian coffee is highly valued in the world market and sold as premium coffee in Europe.
  • Recently the Coffee Board of India has collaborated with Bengaluru-based digital Eka Software Solutions (Eka Plus) for development of a blockchain-based marketplace application.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

Arecanut gets its first GI tag for ‘Sirsi Arecanut’

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Indian Economy| Issues relating to intellectual property rights

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level:  GI, Sirsi arecanut

Mains level: GI Indications and their importance


News

  • For the first time in the arecanut sector, ‘Sirsi Supari’ grown in Uttara Kannada has received the Geographic Indication (GI) tag.

Sirsi Arecanut

  • It is cultivated in Yellapura, Siddapura and Sirsi taluks.
  • Totgars’ Cooperative Sale Society Ltd., Sirsi, is the registered proprietor of the GI.
  • The arecanut grown in these taluks have unique features like a round and flattened coin shape, particular texture, size, cross-sectional views, taste, etc.
  • These features are not seen in arecanut grown in any other regions.

Distinct Features

  • Its average dry weight is 7.5 g and average thickness is 16 mm.
  • This particular variety has a unique taste due to differences in chemical composition.
  • The total average flavonoids content in it is around 90 whereas in others it is around 80.
  • The total carbohydrates in ‘Sirsi Supari’ are 23% to 26%, total arecoline is 0.11% to 0.13%, total tannin content is 14.5% to 17.5%.

Back2Basics

Geographical Indications in India

  1. A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  2. Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  3. This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  4. Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  5. The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004. There are a total of 325productsfrom India that carry this indication.
  6. Darjeeling Tea, Mahabaleshwar Strawberry, Blue Pottery of Jaipur, Banarasi Sarees and Tirupati Laddus are some of the GIs.
  7. The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  8. India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  9. Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement. See also the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement, the Lisbon Agreement, the Geneva Act.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

Bihar’s Shahi litchi fruit gets GI tag

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Indian Economy| Issues relating to intellectual property rights

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Geographical Indications (GI)

Mains level: GI Indications and their importance


News

Context

  • Bihar’s famous Shahi Litchi has got Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

Shahi Litchi

  1. The lychee crop, which is available from May to June, is mainly cultivated in the districts of Muzaffarpur and surrounding districts.
  2. Cultivation of litchi covers approximately an area of about 25,800 hectares producing about 300,000 tonnes every year.
  3. India’s share in the world litchi market amounts to less than 1%.
  4. The names of the litchi produced in Muzaffarpur are Shahi and China.
  5. The fruits are known for excellent aroma and quality.

GI recently in news

Recently, Alphonso mango from Maharashtra’s Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, Palghar, Thane and Raigad districts also got Geographical Indication tag.


Back2Basics

Geographical Indications in India

  1. A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  2. Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  3. This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  4. Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  5. The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004. There are a total of 325productsfrom India that carry this indication.
  6. Darjeeling Tea, Mahabaleshwar Strawberry, Blue Pottery of Jaipur, Banarasi Sarees and Tirupati Laddus are some of the GIs.
  7. The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  8. India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  9. Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement. See also the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement, the Lisbon Agreement, the Geneva Act.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

[pib] GI Tag for Alphonso from Konkan

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Indian Economy| Issues relating to intellectual property rights

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Geographical Indications (GI)

Mains level: GI Indications and their importance


News

King of Mangoes gets GI tag

  1. Alphonso from Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, Palghar, Thane and Raigad districts of  Maharashtra, is registered as Geographical Indication (GI).
  2. The king of mangoes, Alphonso, better known as ‘Hapus’ in Maharashtra, is in demand in domestic and international markets not only for its taste but also for pleasant fragrance and vibrant colour.
  3. It has long been one of the world’s most popular fruit and is exported to various countries including Japan, Korea and Europe.
  4. New markets such as USA and Australia have recently opened up.

Back2Basics

Geographical Indications in India

  1. A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  2. Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
  3. Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
  4. The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004. There are a total of 325productsfrom India that carry this indication.
  5. Darjeeling Tea, Mahabaleshwar Strawberry, Blue Pottery of Jaipur, Banarasi Sarees and TirupatiLaddus are some of the GIs.
  6. The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  7. India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  8. Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement. See also the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement, the Lisbon Agreement, the Geneva Act.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

GI logo, tagline launched

GI logo, tagline launched

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: issues relating to intellectual property rights

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Geographical Indications (GI)

Mains level: IPR regime in India


GI gets an ID

  1. Commerce and Industry Minister launched a logo and tagline for Geographical Indications (GI) to increase awareness about intellectual property rights (IPRs) in the country
  2. The initiative would help promote awareness and importance of GI products

About GI products

  1. A GI product is primarily an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicraft and industrial goods) originating from a definite geographical territory
  2. Darjeeling Tea, Tirupati Laddu, Kangra Paintings, Nagpur Orange and Kashmir Pashmina are among the registered GIs in India

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

GI tag for Warangal dhurries brings hope to weavers

Image source

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: issues relating to intellectual property rights

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Geographical Indication, Warangal dhurries

Mains level: Laws related to IPR in India and schemes for protection of ancient art


GI Tag for Telangana

  1. The Chennai-based GI Registry gave Geographical Indication certificate for Warangal dhurries
  2. The shatranji carpets and jainamaaz prayer mats are made in Warangal

Specialty of carpets

  1. Bright colors, geometrically repetitive patterns and interlocking zigzag motifs in cotton and jute are the signature styles of the carpets
  2. One of the newest innovations by the weavers here is an adaptation of tie-dyed ikat techniques and hand-painted or block-printed kalamkari designs for the dhurries to save time and energy

Back2Basics

Kalamkari Paintings

  1. Kalamkari or qalamkari is a type of hand-painted or block-printed cotton textile, produced in Iran and
    India
  2. Its name originates in the Persian, which is derived from the words qalam (pen) and kari (craftsmanship),
    meaning drawing with a pen
  3. There are two distinctive styles of kalamkari art in India – the Srikalahasti style and the Machilipatnam
    style
  4. The Srikalahasti style of kalamkari, wherein the "kalam" or pen is used for freehand drawing of the
    subject and filling in the colors is entirely hand worked
  5. The Pedana Kalamkari craft made at Pedana nearby Machilipatnam in Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh,
    evolved with the patronage of the Mughals and the Golconda sultanate

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

Madhya Pradesh’s Kadaknath chicken gets Geographical Indication tag

Image source

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: issues relating to intellectual property rights

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: GI tags, Kadaknath breed

Mains level: India’s IPR regime and related issues


News

MP gets GI tag for a chicken breed

  1. Madhya Pradesh has received the Geographical Indications (GI) tag for Kadaknath, a chicken breed whose black meat is in demand in some quarters
  2. The protein-rich meat of Kadaknath, chicks, and eggs are sold at a much higher rate than other varieties of chicken

About the breed

  1. The breed is native to Jhabua, Alirajpur, and parts of Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh
  2. It is also known as “Kali masi”
  3. The Kadaknath is popular mainly for its adaptability, and the good-tasting black meat, which is believed to infuse vigor

Back2Basics

Geographical Indications (GI) tag

  1. A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which correspond to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country)
  2. GIs have been defined under Article 22(1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement as: “Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member, or a region or a locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin
  3. India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15 September 2003
  4. The GI tag ensures that none other than those registered as authorized users (or at least those residing inside the geographic territory) are allowed to use the popular product name
  5. Darjeeling tea became the first GI tagged product in India, in 2004-05

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

[op-ed snap] Locked out, without a GI tag

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the GI tag

Mains level: This topic is recently in news due to a case between West Bengal and Odisha, related to the GI tagging. This makes the topic important for the Mains.


News

Context

  1. The article talks about some issues related to GI tagging

Why are Geographical Indicator (GI) tags important?

  1. GIs support local production and are an important economic tool for the uplift of rural and tribal communities
  2. Different from the IPR: Unlike other Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) which guarantee the protection of individual interest, GI is a collective right
  3. If their products qualify, producers can use the collective GI mark while commercially exploiting their products

Origin of the GI tag

  1. India implemented a sui generis legislation on GI in 1999, a prime reason being its obligation to have a law on GI as a member of the WTO-TRIPS
  2. The politics behind the incorporation of GI in TRIPS is revealing
  3. The United States was not a supporter of GI, and it was lobbying by the European Union (EU) that ensured its inclusion in TRIPS
  4. The EU already had its domestic mechanisms in place to protect GIs and was keen to protect its products in international markets

India’s view on GI tag

  1. Interestingly, the debate on GI in India has never gone beyond Article 23 of TRIPS, which gives a preference to wines and spirits over other goods
  2. Scholars in India have always observed that the additional protection of wines and spirits is a huge setback for GI trade related to the developing countries
  3. As in developing countries the GIs are largely related to agricultural and handicraft products

Shortcomings in Indian GI Act

  1. As India has failed over the years to introspect on its own domestic legislation, it is important to highlight the shortcomings of the Indian GI Act
  2. It is important to note that TRIPS only provides a minimum standard of protection. Nowhere is there an insistence on a particular framework for protection of GI
  3. In fact, TRIPS does not even mandate a sui generis mode of protection for GI
  4. Against this backdrop, proof of origin is a mandatory criterion for registering GIs in India
  5. This provision is borrowed from the EU’s regulations on GI protection
  6. What is cause for concern is not proof of origin as a criteria to register GI: but the focus on historic proof in the form of documentary evidence (such as gazetteers, published documents, news articles, advertisement materials) to bring out the historic development of GIs
  7. Issues with documentary evidences: Documentary evidence as proof of origin may be a foolproof mechanism to ensure the link between the product and territory
  8. but in a country such as India where there are regions like the Northeast where oral history has had far wider convention over written history, this provision will prove to be a formidable hurdle

Particular case of Assam

  1. Assam has been exploring its natural, agricultural and traditional products as potential GI material
  2. One such example is a traditional rice wine called ‘Judima’ which is made by the Dimasa tribe of Dima Hasao, one of the autonomous hill districts of Assam
  3. The State government has been tracking academic discourse on the subject with the intent of exploring possibilities in registering it
  4. But a stumbling block has been the difficulty in gathering documentary evidence as proof of origin. It is the same case with many other products from the Northeast
  5. For example, in the case of ‘Judima’, the word ‘Ju’ stands for drink and ‘Dima’ for Dimasas, but the absence of any documentary proof makes the case a difficult one to prove
  6. Therefore, what is the rationality behind including and retaining such provisions in the law?

What should be done?

  1. What happens in cases such where a written history is rare? Do the products of the region then not stand a chance under the GI law?
  2. In a particular instance, the GI Registry considered etymology in establishing proof of origin
  3. However, this does not guarantee that a similar stance will be adopted while considering other potential GI products(especially when the existing law leans heavily on documentary proof)
  4. The GI authorities should amend the existing provision

Back2basics

GI Tag

  1. A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country)
  2. The use of a geographical indication may act as a certification that the product possesses certain qualities, is made according to traditional methods, or enjoys a certain reputation, due to its geographical origin
  3. Governments have been protecting trade names and trademarks used in relation to food products identified with a particular region since at least the end of the nineteenth century, using laws against false trade descriptions or passing off, which generally protect against suggestions that a product has a certain origin, quality or association when it does not
  4. In such cases, the limitation on competitive freedoms which results from the grant of a monopoly of use over a geographical indication is justified by governments either by consumer protection benefits or by producer protection benefits

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

IIT Kgp helping in filing of GI application for ‘Goyna Bori’

  1. ‘Goyna Bori’ – the fine art of using lentil paste mix to create exquisite designs
  2. The Art form finds its mention in the works of Rabindranath Tagore. It is believed to have originated in Midnapore
  3. IIT has also planned to file GI for Kangri, a basket that is traditionally used by the people of Kashmir to keep themselves warm by keeping burning charcoals in it.

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

GI tag for four Bengali sweets soon

  1. News: The West Bengal govt is planning to get GI tag for 4 traditional sweetmeat delicacies of the State to help protect them from imitations
  2. The four sweetmeats are ‘Moa’ of Jainagar, ‘Sarpuria’ of Krishnagar, and ‘Sitabhog’ and ‘Mihidana’ of Burdwan
  3. Future: The Centre also has plans to export sweets from the State and the GI tags would be of immense help in that endeavour
  1. News: The West Bengal govt is planning to get GI tag for 4 traditional sweetmeat delicacies of the State to help protect them from imitations
  2. The four sweetmeats are ‘Moa’ of Jainagar, ‘Sarpuria’ of Krishnagar, and ‘Sitabhog’ and ‘Mihidana’ of Burdwan
  3. Future: The Centre also has plans to export sweets from the State and the GI tags would be of immense help in that endeavour

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

M.P. appeals against IPAB order on Basmati

  1. Context: Registration of a Geographical Indication (GI) tag for Basmati rice
  2. Background: Intellectual Property Appellate Board has denied GI tag for Basmati rice to MP
  3. GI tag has been approved for 7 north Indian Basmati rice-producing states like Punjab, Haryana, HP and Uttarakhand and parts of UP and J&K
  4. News: The MP govt has asserted that the recent order of the Intellectual Property Appellate Board
  1. Context: Registration of a Geographical Indication (GI) tag for Basmati rice
  2. Background: Intellectual Property Appellate Board has denied GI tag for Basmati rice of MP
  3. GI tag has been approved for 7 north Indian Basmati rice-producing states like Punjab, Haryana, HP and Uttarakhand and parts of UP and J&K
  4. News: The MP govt has approached the Madras HC to quash the order and direct the registry to hear the matter afresh

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

Indian basmati rice all set to get GI tag

  1. The Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB) has ordered issue GI tag for basmati rice grown in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) on the foothills of the Himalayas
  2. This means north Indian Basmati rice-producing states like Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and parts of Uttar Pradesh and J&K will get the GI tag
  3. The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) had applied for registration of GI basmati rice
  4. The order comes 7 years after APEDA initiated steps to protect and get GI recognition for Basmati cultivated in the IGP
  5. This will preserve the unique identity of the aromatic rice in the international markets
  1. The Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB) has ordered issue GI tag for basmati rice grown in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) on the foothills of the Himalayas
  2. This means north Indian Basmati rice-producing states like Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and parts of Uttar Pradesh and J&K will get the GI tag
  3. The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) had applied for registration of GI basmati rice
  4. The order comes 7 years after APEDA initiated steps to protect and get GI recognition for Basmati cultivated in the IGP
  5. This will preserve the unique identity of the aromatic rice in the international markets

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

West Bengal seeks GI tag for rasagolla

  1. Amid controversy over the origins of the iconic sweet, rasagolla,the West Bengal has set off the official process of staking its claim, by filing application for the Geographical Indication (GI) for the syrupy sweet.
  2. The fight is between Odisha and West Bengal, with each one claiming ownership of rasagolla.
  1. Amid controversy over the origins of the iconic sweet, rasagolla,the West Bengal has set off the official process of staking its claim, by filing application for the Geographical Indication (GI) for the syrupy sweet.
  2. A bitter-war has broken out over the origins of this white dripping-with-sweetness-ball of cottage-cheese.
  3. The fight is between Odisha and West Bengal, with each one claiming ownership of rasagolla.

Darjeeling Tea (word & logo), Nakshi Kantha, Laxman Bhog Mango, Santipore Saree from West Bengal and Orissa Pattachitra (Logo) from Odisha already made in GI list.

 

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

Tickle your taste buds with ‘Putarekulu’

  1. “There are many sweets made in Andhra. But, ‘Putarekulu’ are made only in Atreyapuram.
  2. Tucked in lush green fields on Godavari canal bund, the village became famous for its ‘Putarekulu’ sweet which is exported to various Indian cities and other countries.
  3. ‘Putarekulu’ made with ghee and jaggery can be stored up to one month. If made with dry fruits, the rolls can be stored for 10 days.
  4. However, the sweets can be preserved for more days by storing in fridges.
  5. Find out more such endemic varieties of sweets which served India and may be World!
  1. “There are many sweets made in Andhra. But, ‘Putarekulu’ are made only in Atreyapuram.
  2. Tucked in lush green fields on Godavari canal bund, the village became famous for its ‘Putarekulu’ sweet which is exported to various Indian cities and other countries.
  3. ‘Putarekulu’ made with ghee and jaggery can be stored up to one month. If made with dry fruits, the rolls can be stored for 10 days.
  4. However, the sweets can be preserved for more days by storing in fridges.
  5. Find out more such endemic varieties of sweets which served India and may be World!

Find out more such endemic varieties of sweets which served India and may be World! We have GI tag indicator for some sweets – Help us make an extended list here!
Tirupati laddu already makes in a list of UPSC’s GI tag!!

GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

9 north-eastern Indian products get GI registry

  1. Government owned North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation Limited (NERMAC) took the initiative to get GI registry for these exclusive local crops.
  2. The products include –
  3. Assam – Karbi Anglong’s Ginger & Tezpur Litchi | Meghalaya – Khasi Mandarin | Sikkim – Large Cardamom | Mizoram – Bird Eye Chilly.
  4. Manipur – Kachai Lemon | Tripura – Queen Pineapple |  Arunachal – Orange & Nagaland – Tree Tomato.
  1. Government owned North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation Limited (NERMAC) took the initiative to get GI registry for these exclusive local crops.
  2. The products include –
  3. Assam – Karbi Anglong’s Ginger & Tezpur Litchi | Meghalaya – Khasi Mandarin | Sikkim – Large Cardamom | Mizoram – Bird Eye Chilly.
  4. Manipur – Kachai Lemon | Tripura – Queen Pineapple |  Arunachal – Orange & Nagaland – Tree Tomato.

GI status is an indication that identifies goods as produced from a particular area, which has special quality or reputation attributable to its geographical origin.

India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15 September 2003

The GI tag ensures that none other than those registered as authorised users (or at least those residing inside the geographic territory) are allowed to use the popular product name.

In India, a GI’s registry operates in Chennai in accordance with the provisions of the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999, which came into effect in September 2003.

India has 236 GI products registered so far and over 270 more products have applied for the label. Let’s take a look at 10 such geographical indicators in India.

To follow up with latest developments on GI tags –

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