Climate Change Impact on India and World – International Reports, Key Observations, etc.

Environmental Performance Index (EPI), 2022


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Environmental Performance Index

Mains level : Western anti-India lobby

India has objected to a report, called the EPI, 2022, that places the country last (along with Nigeria) on a list of 180 countries on managing climate change, environmental health, and ecosystem vitality.

Environmental Performance Index

  • The report is prepared by researchers at the Yale and Columbia universities.
  • It provides a data-driven summary of the state of sustainability around the world.
  • Using 40 performance indicators across 11 issue categories, the EPI ranks 180 countries on climate change performance, environmental health, and ecosystem vitality.
  • These indicators provide a gauge at a national scale of how close countries are to established environmental policy targets.
  • The EPI offers a scorecard that highlights leaders and laggards in environmental performance and provides practical guidance for countries that aspire to move toward a sustainable future.

Why the report is inherently biased?

  • The US placed itself at the 20th spot of the 22 wealthy democracies in the global west and 43rd overall.
  • The relatively low ranking has put all blame on the rollback policies during the Trump administration.
  • It goes on to preach that developing countries do not have to sacrifice sustainability for economic security.


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