Irrigation In India – PMKSY, AIBP, Watershed Management, Neeranchan, etc.

Extension for PM Krishi Sinchai Yojana

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : PMKSY

Mains level : Not Much

The Cabinet has given its approval to extend its umbrella scheme Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana for irrigation, water supply, groundwater and watershed development projects for another five years till 2026.

PM Krishi Sinchai Yojana

  • The PMKSY was launched on 1st July, 2015 with the motto of “Har Khet Ko Paani”.
  • It is being implemented to expand cultivated area with assured irrigation, reduce wastage of water and improve water use efficiency.

The scheme has basically combined three active projects under various ministries which is as follows:

  1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (Ministry of Water Resources)
  2. Integrated Watershed Management Program (Ministry of Rural Development)
  3. Farm Water Management Project of the National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture

Components of PMKSY

PMKSY seeks to provide a complete solution to farm level irrigation and assured irrigation for every farm

  • It aims to integrate irrigation with the latest technological practices and cover more cultivable areas under assured irrigation
  • Increase the implementation of water-saving technologies and precision irrigation which in other words can be said as More Crop Per Drop.
  • PMKSY also targets the promotion of micro-irrigation in the form of sprinklers, rain-guns, drips, etc.

Advantages of Micro Irrigation

  • Higher Profits
  • Water Saving & Water Use Efficiency (WUE)
  • Less Energy Costs
  • Higher fertilizer-use efficiency (FUE)
  • Reduced Labour Costs
  • Reduce Soli Loss
  • Marginal Solis & Water
  • Efficient & Flexible
  • Improved Crop Quality
  • Higher Yields

Implementation of PMKSY

  • Everything from planning and execution of plans is regionalized in PMKSY.
  • District Irrigation Plans (DIPs) will identify the areas that require improved facilities in irrigation at block levels and district levels.
  • State Irrigation Plan consolidates all the DIPs and it oversees the agricultural plans developed under the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana.

Funding pattern

  • Funds will be allocated by the centre only if the state has prepared the district irrigation plans and the state irrigation plans.
  • The state government’s share under PMKSY is 25% and rest is borne by the centre, with an exception for north-eastern states where contribution by the state government is 10%.

 

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