Labour, Jobs and Employment – Harmonization of labour laws, gender gap, unemployment, etc.

First ever All India Survey on Domestic Workers


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : All India Survey on Domestic Workers

Mains level : Not Much

Union Minister for Labour and Employment  has flagged off the first ever All All India Survey on Domestic workers being conducted by Labour Bureau.

All India Survey on Domestic Workers

  • The Survey  is aimed to estimate the number and proportion of domestic workers at National and State level.
  • It would help find percentage distribution of domestic workers with respect to Live-in/Live-out, formal/ Informal Employment, Migrant/Non-Migrant, their wages and other socio-economic characteristics.
  • The survey will also provide the Household Estimates of Live-in/Live-out domestic workers and average number of domestic workers engaged by different types of households.

Objectives of the Survey

  • Estimate the number/proportion of DWs at National and State level.
  • Household Estimates of Live-in/ Live-out DWs.
  • Average number of DWs engaged by different types of households.

Why need such Survey?

  • Domestic workers (DWs) constitute a significant portion of total employment in the informal sector.
  • However, there is a dearth of data on the magnitude and prevailing employment conditions of DW.
  • Hence with the view to have time series data on domestic workers, GoI has entrusted Labour Bureau to conduct an all-India survey on DWs.

Parameters of the Survey

The Domestic Worker Survey collects information on the following broad   parameters:

  • Household Characteristics such as HH size, Religion, Social Group, Usual Monthly Consumption Expenditure, Nature of Dwelling unit.
  • Demographic Characteristics such as Name, Age, Relation to Head, Marital Status, General Education Level, Usual Principal Activity Status, Subsidiary Activity Status and Status of DWs.
  • Information on Employer is also collected such as their preferences of DW regarding Gender and marital status, mode of payment of wages, number of days worked, mode of engagement, whether DW services were availed during ii COVID-19 pandemic, medical support given to DWs.

Scope of the Survey

  • All India States/UTs of India covered are 37 and Districts covered are742
  • Unit of Enumeration is Villages as per Census 2011 and Urban Blocks as per latest phase of UFS.
  • At the all-India level, a total number of 12766 First Stage Units (FSUs) i.e., 6190 villages and 6576 UFS blocks will be covered in the survey.
  • 1,50,000 Households i.e., the Ultimate Stage Units (USU) will be covered.


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