Artificial Intelligence (AI) Breakthrough

What is GPT-4 and how is it different from ChatGPT?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: GPT-4

Mains level: Not Much


Central idea: OpenAI announced GPT-4 as the next big update to the technology that powers ChatGPT and Microsoft Bing.

What is GPT-4?

  • GPT-4 is a large multimodal model created by OpenAI that accepts images as input, making it a more advanced version of GPT-3 and GPT-3.5.
  • It exhibits human-level performance on various professional and academic benchmarks, and it can solve difficult problems with greater accuracy.

How is GPT-4 different from GPT-3?

  • GPT-4 is multimodal, allowing it to understand more than one modality of information, unlike GPT-3 and GPT-3.5, which were limited to textual input and output.
  • It is harder to trick than previous models, and it can process a lot more information at a time, making it more suitable for lengthy conversations and generating long-form content.
  • It has improved accuracy and is better at understanding languages that are not English.

GPT-4’s abilities

  • GPT-4 can use images to generate captions and analyses, and it can answer tax-related questions, schedule meetings, and learn a user’s creative writing style.
  • It can handle over 25,000 words of text, opening up a greater number of use cases that include long-form content creation, document search and analysis, and extended conversations.
  • It significantly reduces hallucinations and produces fewer undesirable outputs, such as hate speech and misinformation.

Multilingual abilities of GPT-4

  • GPT-4 is more multilingual and can accurately answer thousands of multiple-choice questions across 26 languages.
  • It handles English best, with an 85.5% accuracy, but Indian languages like Telugu aren’t too far behind either, at 71.4%.

Availability of GPT-4

  • GPT-4 has already been integrated into products like Duolingo, Stripe, and Khan Academy for varying purposes.
  • Image inputs are still a research preview and are not publicly available.

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