Artificial Intelligence (AI) Breakthrough

Hanooman: The Indic AI model by BharatGPT


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Hanooman, GPT, LLMs

Mains level: Not Much


  • The BharatGPT group, comprising IIT Bombay and the Department of Science and Technology, is set to launch its first ChatGPT-like service named Hanooman next month.

Large Language Models (LLMs)

  • LLMs utilize deep learning methodologies to process extensive text data, enabling them to grasp linguistic nuances and semantic relationships.
  • These models are trained on vast datasets like Wikipedia and OpenWebText, allowing them to comprehend and generate natural language by discerning patterns and meanings from the provided text.

 About Hanooman

  • Multilingual Capability: Hanooman is a series of large language models (LLMs) proficient in 11 Indian languages initially, with plans to expand to over 20 languages, including Hindi, Tamil, and Marathi.
  • Functionality: Beyond a mere chatbot, Hanooman serves as a multimodal AI tool, capable of generating text, speech, videos, and more across various domains such as healthcare, governance, financial services, and education.
  • Customized Versions: One notable variant, VizzhyGPT, tailored for healthcare applications, showcases Hanooman’s versatility in fine-tuning AI models to specific sectors.
  • Scale: The size of these AI models ranges from 1.5 billion to an impressive 40 billion parameters, reflecting their robustness and complexity.

Challenges and Considerations

  • Quality of Datasets: Concerns regarding the quality of datasets in Indian languages, emphasizing the prevalence of synthetic datasets derived from translations, may lead to inaccuracies or distortions.
  • Competition: Alongside BharatGPT, several startups like Sarvam and Krutrim, supported by prominent VC investors such as Lightspeed Venture Partners are developing AI models tailored for India, indicating a burgeoning ecosystem in this domain.

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