Child Rights – POSCO, Child Labour Laws, NAPC, etc.

How coaching culture lets children down


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : na

Mains level : detrimental effects of the booming coaching industry on students

Kota: From Coaching Hub To Suicide Cluster -

Central Idea:

The article discusses the detrimental effects of the booming coaching industry on students’ mental health, educational values, and overall well-being. It emphasizes the need for a shift in focus towards holistic education and the nurturing of students’ inner needs.

Key Highlights:

  • Concerns regarding the negative impact of the coaching industry on students’ welfare, leading to suicides and academic disengagement.
  • Rise of coaching centres catering to various competitive exams, resulting in students abandoning traditional schooling.
  • Lack of policy support for students beyond school, allowing coaching centres to become dominant in shaping students’ education.
  • The importance of addressing mental health, learning, and understanding in education, as highlighted in the National Education Policy.
  • Critique of the coaching culture for neglecting essential aspects such as sleep, social interaction, and identity development.
  • Emphasis on the role of education in understanding and catering to the diverse needs and aspirations of students.
  • Advocacy for a shared vision where student well-being is prioritized over mere academic achievement.

Key Challenges:

  • Balancing the pressure for academic success with the need for holistic development.
  • Overcoming the entrenched influence of coaching centres on students and parents.
  • Realigning educational priorities to focus on mental health and emotional well-being.
  • Addressing societal expectations that contribute to stress and false expectations among students.
  • Encouraging collaboration between schools, parents, and policymakers to foster a supportive educational environment.

Main Terms:

  • Coaching industry
  • Competitive exams (e.g., NEET, JEE, CUET)
  • Mental health
  • Holistic education
  • National Education Policy
  • Identity development
  • Academic pressure
  • Emotional stability
  • Well-being
  • Co-agency

Important Phrases:

  • “Children are not machines”
  • “The role of education”
  • “True education is value imparting”
  • “Learning is a process”
  • “Obsession with coaching”
  • “Holistic development”


  • “Children are walking away from classroom teaching into coaching centres, often with parental support.”
  • “The obsession with coaching will never be able to validate and strengthen new ideas, approaches, and research, required for human flourishing.”
  • “Students go to school to become purposeful, reflective, and responsible.”

Useful Statements:

  • “If coaching centres are going to be the foundation of these years, then the youth of today will become directionless.”
  • “Children suffer from anxiety and are unable to cope.”
  • “As a country, we need a shared vision, where well-being is the goal of education and co-agency is a guiding light.”

Examples and References:

  • Rise of coaching centres like Kota, which have become parallel systems to traditional schooling.
  • Concerns about students opting for dummy schools to focus solely on coaching, neglecting the value of classroom education.

Facts and Data:

  • The coaching industry generates Rs 6,000 crore annually and is growing at a rate of 7-10% per year.
  • Instances of student suicides linked to academic pressure and coaching culture.

Critical Analysis:

The article effectively critiques the dominance of the coaching industry and highlights the need for a more holistic approach to education. It exposes the negative consequences of prioritizing academic achievement over students’ mental health and overall well-being. However, it could provide more concrete suggestions for addressing these issues and overcoming the challenges posed by the coaching culture.

Way Forward:

  • Implement guidelines and regulations for coaching centres to ensure student welfare.
  • Strengthen support systems for students beyond academics, focusing on mental health and emotional development.
  • Promote collaboration between schools, parents, and policymakers to create a nurturing educational environment.
  • Encourage a shift in societal attitudes towards education, valuing holistic development over narrow academic success.

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