Modern Indian History-Events and Personalities

Madan Mohan Malaviya and BHU


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Madan Mohan Malviya

Mains level: Not Much

Madan Mohan Malaviya

An archive on the principal founder of the Banaras Hindu University (BHU), ‘Mahamana’ Madan Mohan Malaviya was recently unveiled.

Who was Madan Mohan Malaviya?

  • Malaviya was born on 25th December, 1861 in Allahabad.
  • He was a great Indian educationist and freedom fighter, distinguished from others for his significant role in Indian independence and his support of Hindu nationalism.
  • At the Banaras Hindu University (BHU), which he founded in 1916, he served as Vice-Chancellor from 1919 to 1938.
  • The University has around 12,000 students all across the field such as the arts, sciences, engineering and technology.

Political affiliations

  • Malaviya rose up the ranks, and became president four times — in 1909 (Lahore), in 1918 (Delhi), in 1930 (Delhi), and in 1932 (Calcutta).
  • He was part of the Congress for almost 50 years.
  • He was one of the early leaders of the Hindu Mahasabha, and helped found it in 1906.
  • He was a social reformer and a successful legislator, serving as a member of the Imperial Legislative Council for 11 years (1909–20).
  • In the freedom struggle, he was midway between the Liberals and the Nationalists, the Moderates and the Extremists, as the followers of Gokhale and Tilak were respectively called.
  • In 1930, when Mahatma Gandhi launched the Salt Satyagraha and the Civil Disobedience Movement, he participated in it and courted arrest.

Literary associations

  • He remained the Hindustan Times’ Chairman from 1924 to 1946.
  • He was involved with magazines including the-
  1. Hindi language weekly, the Abhyudaya (1907)
  2. English-language daily the Leader of Allahabad (1909) and
  3. Hindi dailies Aaj


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