Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Mapping: Garo Hills


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Garo Hills

Mains level: NA

Why in the news?

  • Geological Survey of India (GSI) explorers have made a breakthrough, uncovering ancient fossils in Tolegre, South Garo Hills of Meghalaya.
  • It is speculated that the fossils could be linked to the genera Rhodocetus or Amulocetus (now extinct), considered ancestors of modern whales.

About Garo Hills

  • The Garo Hills, located in Meghalaya, are part of the Garo-Khasi range, one of the hill ranges in the northeastern region of India.
  • They are situated in the western part of Meghalaya, bordering Bangladesh to the south and west.
  • The terrain of the Garo Hills is rugged and hilly, characterized by dense forests, steep slopes, and deep valleys.
  • The Nokrek is highest Peak, which stands at approximately 1,415 meters (4,642 feet) above sea level.
  • The climate in the Garo Hills is typically humid subtropical, with heavy rainfall during the monsoon season, which usually lasts from June to September.
  • Numerous rivers and streams, including the Brahmaputra, Someshwari, and Jinjiram rivers crisscross this region.
  • The region is also known for its picturesque waterfalls, such as the Pelga Falls, located near Tura, the largest town in the Garo Hills.
  • The Nokrek National Park, located within, is recognized as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and is home to various endangered species, including the Asian elephant and the red panda.
  • The Garo Hills are inhabited predominantly by the Garo tribe, one of the major ethnic groups in Meghalaya.



[2013] Consider the following pairs:

1. Nokrek Bio-Sphere Reserve : Garo Hills

2. Logtak (Loktak) Lake : Barail Range

3. Namdapha National Park: Daphla Hills

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

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