Agricultural Sector and Marketing Reforms – eNAM, Model APMC Act, Eco Survey Reco, etc.

National Council for Agriculture and Rural Transformation (NCART): A New Vision for Agriculture Sector


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: NCART

Mains level: NA

Why in the news?

The Centre is contemplating the establishment of the National Council for Agriculture and Rural Transformation (NCART), envisioned as a federal body to formulate policies and programs for the agricultural sector.

What is NCART?

  • The NCART is a proposed federal body aimed at coordinating and driving actions in the agriculture sector in India.
  • It would have representation of both the Centre and States.
  • The idea for NCART has been proposed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare as part of its 100-day action plan for the new government.
  • It draws inspiration from the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council.

Terms of Reference of NCART:

  • Policy Formulation: NCART is envisioned as an overarching federal body responsible for devising policies and programs to promote agricultural and rural development.
  • Coordination: One of the key objectives of NCART is to ensure coordinated actions across various stakeholders involved in the agriculture sector, including the central government, state governments, and other relevant entities.
  • Consultative Body: NCART is expected to include representation from both the central and state governments, similar to the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council, to ensure a consultative approach in decision-making.
  • Legal Status: While the GST Council is a constitutional body, the exact status of NCART is yet to be finalized.

India’s Agriculture Expenses:

  • Despite agriculture being a state subject, the Centre has significantly increased budgetary allocations for the Agriculture Ministry.
  • Budgetary allocation for the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare surged from Rs. 27,662.67 crore in 2013-14 to Rs. 1,25,035.79 crore in 2023-24 BE.

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