Tiger Conservation Efforts – Project Tiger, etc.

Mapping: Melghat Tiger Reserve


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Melghat Tiger Reserve

Mains level : Tiger conservation

Maharashtra CM has sought alternative routes for the proposed broad gauge conversion of a railway line passing through the Melghat Tiger Reserve in Amravati district.

Try this question from CSP 2012:

Consider the following protected areas:

1. Bandipur 2. Bhitarkanika 3. Manas 4. Sunderbans

Which of the above are declared Tiger Reserves?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Melghat Tiger Reserve

  • Melghat, part of the Satpura-Maikal landscape was among the first nine tiger reserves notified in 1973-74 under the Project Tiger.
  • The Tapti River and the Gawilgadh ridge of the Satpura Range form the boundary of the reserve.
  • The forest is tropical dry deciduous in nature, dominated by teak.
  • The reserve is a catchment area for five major rivers: the Khandu, Khapra, Sipna, Gadga and Dolar. These all rivers are tributaries of the river Tapti.

Back2Basics: Project Tiger

  • Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in April 1973 during PM Indira Gandhi’s tenure.
  • In 1970 India had only 1800 tigers and Project Tiger was launched in Jim Corbett National Park.
  • The project is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).
  • It aims at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats, protecting them from extinction etc.
  • Under this project the govt. has set up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers and funded relocation of villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.

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Yogeshwar Misal
Yogeshwar Misal
3 years ago



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