GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

A&N’s first application for GI tag for the Nicobari Hodi Craft


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Nicobari Hodi, GI Tag

Mains level : Not Much


The Geographical Indications Registry at Chennai, has received an application from the Tribal Development Council, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, seeking the GI tag for the Nicobari hodi craft.

Why in news?

About Nicobari Hodi Craft

  • The hodi is the Nicobari tribe’s traditional craft.
  • It is an outrigger canoe, very commonly operated in the Nicobar group of islands.
  • The hodi is built using either locally available trees or from nearby islands, and its design varies slightly from island to island.
  • Hodis are used for transporting people and goods from one island to another, for sending coconuts, for fishing and racing purposes.
  • The tuhet, a group of families under a headman, consider the hodi an asset.
  • Hodi races are held between islands and villages.
  • The technical skills for building a hodi are based on indigenous knowledge inherited by the Nicobarese from their forefathers.

How many GI tags have been accorded so far?

  • The Geographical Indications Registry, established in Chennai in September 2003, has received over 1,000 applications.
  • An application seeking GI tag for the Banaras’ thandai (a beverage made with milk, dry fruits and spices) was the 1,000th application.
  • Data shows that, as on date, around 1,015 applications have been filed at the Chennai office and of them, GI tags have been given to 422 products.

Back2Basics:  Geographical Indication

  • A GI is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • Nodal Agency: Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry
  • India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 w.e.f. September 2003.
  • GIs have been defined under Article 22 (1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement.
  • The tag stands valid for 10 years.



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