From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : UPSC and other constitutional bodies
Mains level : NA
The President of India has appointed Pradeep Kumar Joshi as Chairman of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
Try this PYQ:
Q.Consider the following statements:
- The Executive Power of the Union of India is vested in the Prime Minister.
- The Prime Minister is the ex-officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (CSP 2015)
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
- Established on 1 October 1926 as Public Service Commission, it was later reconstituted as Federal Public Service Commission by the GoI Act 1935; only to be renamed as today’s UPSC after the independence.
- The UPSC is India’s premier central recruiting agency responsible for appointments to and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services.
- The Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency in India.
- It is also required to be consulted by the Government in matters relating to the appointment, transfer, promotion and disciplinary matters.
Appointments to the UPSC
- As per Article 316 of the constitution, the Chairman and other members of UPSC shall be appointed by the President.
- In case the office of the Chairman becomes vacant his duties shall be performed by one of the other members of the Commission as the President may appoint for the purpose.
- Under Art. 318, the President is empowered to determine the number of members of the Commission and their conditions of service.
- As per Art 319, a person who holds office as Chairman shall, on the expiration of his term of office, be ineligible for re-appointment to that office.
- But, a member other than the Chairman shall be eligible for appointment as the Chairman of the UPSC.
- Also, the Chairman of a State PSC shall be eligible for appointment as the Chairman or any other member of the UPSC.
Removal of members/chairman
- As per Art. 317, the Chairman or any other member of a UPSC shall only be removed from their office by order of the President on the ground of “misbehaviour” after the Supreme Court inquiry report.
- The President may suspend the Chairman or other member of the Commission until a report of the Supreme Court is received.
- The commission reports directly to the President and can advise the Government through him.
- Although, such advice is not binding on the Government.
- Being a constitutional authority, UPSC is amongst the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom, along with the country’s higher judiciary and lately the Election Commission.