From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : EOLI, MPI
Mains level : Not Much
The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has announced the release of the final rankings of the Ease of Living Index (EoLI) 2020 and the Municipal Performance Index (MPI) 2020.
For any such index, always note the verticals i.e. the various parameters.
Ease of Living Index (EoLI)
- It is an assessment tool that evaluates the quality of life and the impact of various initiatives for urban development.
- It provides a comprehensive understanding of participating cities across India based on the quality of life, the economic ability of a city, and its sustainability and resilience.
- It examines the outcomes that lead to existing living conditions through pillars of Quality of Life, Economic Ability, Sustainability.
Municipal Performance Index (MPI)
- It was launched as an accompaniment to the Ease of Living Index.
- The five verticals under MPI are Services, Finance, Policy, Technology and Governance.
- The Ease of Living Index encapsulates the outcome indicators while the Municipal Performance Index captures the enabling input parameters.
Performance of cities
- Bengaluru emerged as the top performer in the Million+ categories, followed by Pune, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Surat, Navi Mumbai, Coimbatore, Vadodara, Indore, and Greater Mumbai.
- In the Less than Million category, Shimla was ranked the highest in ease of living, followed by Bhubaneshwar, Silvassa, Kakinada, Salem, Vellore, Gandhinagar, Gurugram, Davangere, and Tiruchirappalli.
Why need such indices?
- The EoLI primarily seeks to accelerate India’s urban development outcomes, including the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
- The findings from the index can help guide evidence-based policymaking.
- It also promotes healthy competition among cities, encouraging them to learn from their peers and advance their development trajectory.