Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

Dominance of Private healthcare in India & Related issues


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Ayushman Bharat

Mains level: Paper 2- Importance of public investment in health care

  • Lack of resources such as 1:1,700, doctor: citizen ratio, well below the minimum ratio of 1:1,000 stipulated by WHO.

  • Rural areas and smaller towns of India are the worst sufferers, where even basic health services remain inaccessible, many cases were reported where ward boys and alone found running the primary healthcare center.

  • Inadequate government spending on healthcare and lack of access to health insurance to a large section of society.

  • The quality of public health services in India continues to remain below expectations which hamper the economic growth of the country.

  • Government’s inability to build sufficient capacity and infrastructure, difficulty in reaching out to poor and vulnerable groups.

  • An undersized skilled workforce and the absence of upgraded technology is a major challenge in the health sector.

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