Tiger Conservation Efforts – Project Tiger, etc.

Tiger Translocation in Sahyadri-Konkan Wildlife Corridor  


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Sahyadri-Konkan Wildlife Corridor, Tadoba-Andhari TR

Mains level: NA

Why in the news?

Maharashtra’s plan to increase tigers count in Sahyadri-Konkan Wildlife Corridor by translocating tigers from Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) (Chandrapur, Maharashtra) underscores the critical role of wildlife corridors in conservation efforts.

About Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR)

  • Tadoba became one of India’s earliest national parks when it was declared in 1955, alongside Kanha National Park.
  • The name “Tadoba” is derived from the deity “Tadoba” or “Taru,” worshipped by local Gond Tribals, and “Andhari” refers to the Andhari River flowing through the reserve.
  • It was later expanded and officially merged with the Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary in 1993 to form the TATR.
  • TATR is regarded as one of the world’s most preferred destinations for tiger sightings and is a critical part of Project Tiger, aimed at conserving tigers in India.
  • The reserve has 115 tigers, including 88 within the forest and 27 in the areas immediately surrounding the reserve.

About Sahyadri-Konkan Wildlife Corridor  

  • The Sahyadri-Konkan corridor (Sahyadri-Radhanagari-Goa-Karnataka), plays a vital role in conserving wildlife, particularly tigers, in the northern Western Ghats region.
  • It spans throughout the states of Maharashtra, Goa, and Karnataka, specifically through the Western Ghats, one of the world’s eight biodiversity hotspots.
  • Protected Areas Connected:
  1. Sahyadri Tiger Reserve (includes Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS) and Chandoli National Park) and Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary (Maharashtra);
  2. Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary and Kali Tiger Reserve (includes Anshi National Park and Dandeli WLS) in (Karnataka);
  3. Mollem National Park, Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary (Goa).
  • Fauna: Tiger (Panthera tigris), Indian leopard (Panthera pardus), dhole (Cuon alpinus), and sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), etc.
  • The Western Ghats, including parts of the corridor, are designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2012 due to their outstanding universal value in terms of biodiversity and endemic species.


[2020] Among the following Tiger Reserves, which one has the largest area under “Critical Tiger Habitat”?

(a) Corbett

(b) Ranthambore

(c) Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam

(d) Sunderbans

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