Land Reforms

Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) to curb Land-Linked Illegal Activities


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (UPLIN)

Mains level: Land records digitalization

land ulpin

Central Idea

  • President Murmu emphasized the importance of implementing a Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN).

What is ULPIN?

  • ULPIN or Bhu-Aadhaar is a 14-digit Alpha–Numeric Unique ID for each land parcel.
  • This is the next step in the Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme (DILRMP) which began in 2008.
  • The identification will be based on the longitude and latitude coordinates of the land parcel, and is dependent on detailed surveys and geo-referenced cadastral maps.
  • ULPIN is generated using the Electronic Commerce Code Management Association (ECCMA) standards during the importing of the geo-referenced shape file into BhuNaksha, a cadastral mapping solution of NIC.

Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme (DILRMP)

  • DILRMP is a central sector scheme implemented by the Department of Land Resources under the Ministry of Rural Development.
  • The program aims to develop an Integrated Land Information Management System (ILIMS) across the country by leveraging the commonalities in land records systems in different states.
  • It integrates land records processes and databases with financial institutions, banks, circle rates, registration offices, and other sectors.
  • The program includes the computerization of land records, survey/re-survey activities, and digitization of registration processes.


Benefits of ULPIN

  • Curbing malpractices: The implementation of ULPIN and digitization of land records can significantly reduce unethical and illegal activities related to land. The transparency brought about by digitization enhances accountability and curbs malpractices.
  • Efficient Land Use: ULPIN will facilitate proper utilization of land parcels and aid in the formulation and implementation of new schemes.
  • Linkage with E-Courts: Connecting E-Courts with land records and registration databases offers multiple benefits, including improved accessibility to information and streamlined legal processes related to land disputes.
  • Indestructible documentation: Digitization of land records proves valuable in times of calamities such as floods and fires, as it helps in preventing loss of documents and expedites the recovery process.

Impacts on Development and Welfare

  • Development Catalyst: By providing transparent and accessible land information, digitization supports informed decision-making and effective resource management.
  • Proper Scheme Implementation: Linking land records with various government departments facilitates the efficient implementation of welfare schemes ex. PM Awas Yojana.
  • Beneficiary targeting: Accurate and up-to-date land data helps identify beneficiaries and ensures the targeted delivery of benefits and services.

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