Climate Change Impact on India and World – International Reports, Key Observations, etc.

UNEP pitches for Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure

Mains level: NA


Central idea: The article discusses the United Nations’ development of a new system for tracking greenhouse gas emissions.

Greenhouse Gases

  • Greenhouse gases are gases that trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere and contribute to the greenhouse effect.
  • Examples of greenhouse gases include-
  1. Water vapor (H2O)
  2. Carbon dioxide (CO2)
  3. Methane (CH4)
  4. Nitrous oxide (N2O)
  5. Fluorinated gases, including hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6)
  6. Ozone (O3)
  • The greenhouse effect is a natural process that occurs when certain gases in the atmosphere absorb and re-emit infrared radiation from the sun, trapping heat and keeping the planet warm enough to sustain life.
  • Human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes have significantly increased the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, leading to an enhanced greenhouse effect and causing global warming and climate change.

Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure

  • The new system, also known as the Common Global Standard for Sustainability, is being developed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • It will provide a standardized framework for measuring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions across various sectors, including agriculture, transport, and energy.

Need for the new system

  • The current system for tracking greenhouse gas emissions is fragmented and lacks standardization, making it difficult to compare emissions across different sectors and countries.
  • The new system aims to address this issue by providing a standardized framework for measuring and reporting emissions.

Benefits offered

  • The new system will provide a more accurate and comprehensive picture of greenhouse gas emissions across different sectors and countries.
  • It will enable policymakers and businesses to develop more effective strategies for reducing emissions and mitigating the impacts of climate change.


  • The success of the new system will depend on the willingness of countries and businesses to adopt and implement it.
  • There may be resistance from some countries and businesses that are reluctant to disclose their emissions data or make changes to their current reporting practices.


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