Judicial Pendency

What is a Caveat in Judiciary?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Caveat

Mains level: Not Much

Recently, the Supreme Court bench reprimanded a law student for filing a caveat in a petition seeking menstrual leave for female students and working women across Indian institutions.

What is a Caveat?

  • In common parlance, a caveat refers to “warning” or “caution”.
  • However, legally it connotes a “formal notice requesting the court to refrain from taking some specified action without giving prior notice to the person lodging the caveat.”
  • The person lodging the caveat is called a “caveator”.
  • The provision was inserted by the Amendment Act of 1976 after the Law Commission’s recommendation by Section 148A of the Civil Procedure Code (CPC).
  • However, the term is not expressly defined anywhere except in the Calcutta High Court’s 1978 ruling.

Who can fill the Caveat?

  • Any person has a right to lodge a caveat in a Court.
  • Any person claiming a right to appear before the Court on the hearing of such application may lodge a caveat in respect thereof.
  • The caveator or the person lodging is also required to serve a notice of the caveat by “registered post” to the person on whose plea they are lodging the application


Attempt UPSC 2024 Smash Scholarship Test | FLAT* 100% OFF on UPSC Foundation & Mentorship programs

Get your Rs 10,000 worth of UPSC Strategic Package for FREE | PDFs, Zoom session, Tests, & Mentorship

Get an IAS/IPS ranker as your 1: 1 personal mentor for UPSC 2024

Attend Now

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments


Join us across Social Media platforms.

💥Mentorship New Batch Launch
💥Mentorship New Batch Launch