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Who was Dara Shikoh?

dara shikoh

The Vice President has released the Arabic Version of “Majma Ul-Bahrain” of Mughal Prince Dara Shikoh.

The course of the history of the Indian subcontinent, had Dara Shikoh prevailed over Aurangzeb, has been a matter of some conjecture among historians. Critically analyse.

Who was Dara Shikoh?

  • Dara Shikoh, who was Mughal emperor Shah Jahan’s son and expected heir, was killed on the orders of his brother Aurangzeb in 1659 after losing the war of succession.
  • He was the eldest son and heir-apparent of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
  • Dara was designated with the title Padshahzada-i-Buzurg Martaba (Prince of High Rank) and was favored as a successor by his father and his older sister, Princess Jahanara Begum.
  • In the war of succession which ensued after Shah Jahan’s illness in 1657, Dara was defeated by his younger brother Prince Muhiuddin (Aurangzeb).
  • He was executed in 1659 on Aurangzeb’s orders in a bitter struggle for the imperial throne.

His legacy

  • Dara was a liberal-minded unorthodox Muslim as opposed to the orthodox Aurangzeb.
  • He authored the work Majma Ul-Bahrain (The Confluence of the Two Seas), which argues for the harmony of Sufi philosophy in Islam and Vedanta philosophy in Hinduism.
  • It was Dara Shikoh who was responsible for making the Upanishads available to the West as he had them translated.
  • He had commissioned a translation of Yoga Vasistha.
  • A great patron of the arts, he was also more inclined towards philosophy and mysticism rather than military pursuits.
  • He translated the Upanishads and other important works from Sanskrit to Persian. He was convinced that the Upanishads are what the Qur’an calls ‘Al-Kitab Al-Maknoun’ (The Hidden book).

Try this PYQ:

Q.Who among the following Mughal Emperors shifted emphasis from illustrated manuscripts to album and individual portrait?

(a) Humayun

(b) Akbar

(c) Jahangir

(d) Shah Jahan

 

Post your answers here.
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Anushree Kumbhare
Anushree Kumbhare
4 months ago
Post your answers here." Read more »

c. jahangir

Dr. Sharad Tiwari
Dr. Sharad Tiwari
4 months ago
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c

Teji Choudhary
Teji Choudhary
4 months ago
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akbar

happiest person
happiest person
4 months ago
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akbar may be the right answer of this question because he was one in mughat whose orientation towards understandig of india was high

ARPIT KUMAR
ARPIT KUMAR
4 months ago
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c

Prashant Raj
Prashant Raj
4 months ago
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jahangir

Ashrafi Yaman
Ashrafi Yaman
4 months ago

The correct answer will be Jahangir.
As in his reign the side wise patriot came into picture which is somehow influenced by iran culture,several artist used to stay in his court.