It is not directly related to India, but it is still useful to be aware of basic events around the world, especially to understand geopolitical developments. Note the name of the exercise for prelims.
Removal of Sanctions:
Politics of West Asia is important to understand in the changing and evolving international dynamics. A UPSC student must be prepared with such answers for international relations in GS-2.
The Iran sanctions issue reviving again in Trump-era. Keep track of it as it develops. Note the terms such Huthi etc. Such terms are a favorite of UPSC for prelims.
1. You must have studied the differences between Parliamentary and Presidential style govts, e.g. India and US. Such a development, where the legislature and executive take different actions, could not have occurred in the Indian system.
2. The Iran deal was a major accomplishment of President Obama. It helped stabilise Middle East and allowed Iran to start selling oil again. With new sanctions, and Mr Trump coming in, there could be more uncertainty. Given that the Middle East is a very important region for India, we should be aware of the general developments in this area.
3. Task for students: Locate Iran in an atlas. See which countries it borders, water bodies around it and major physical features.
IAEA is known as the world’s “Atoms for Peace” organization within the United Nations. It was created in 1957 in response to the deep fears and expectations generated by the discoveries and diverse uses of nuclear technology. It was given the mandate to work with its member states and multiple partners worldwide to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies. It’s headquarters is in Vienna, Austria.
Tehran’s readmission to the world market offers opportunities Delhi must seize.
Primary sanctions that bar U.S citizens and companies from business with Iran will remain.
Iran’s President has warned of reprisals if Washington resorts to further sanctions.