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  1. Profile photo of Saravana Uportal Saravana Uportal

    Can anybody give reliable source to read about India’s refugee policy?

    1. Profile photo of Rohit Pande Rohit Pande

      This article predates our interest in UPSC 😉

      But still, google gives it a pristine top rank among the search –
      http://www.thehindu.com/2004/06/25/stories/2004062501791000.htm

  2. Profile photo of Saravana Uportal Saravana Uportal

    While there are many doors kept closed worldwide, Does India’ “open door policy” towards refugees seem emotional and endangers national security?

    1. Profile photo of Rohit Pande Rohit Pande

      This should help understand the conflict!

      http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/interview/indias-refugee-policy-is-an-example-for-the-rest-of-the-world-to-follow/article4269430.ece

      Of course there would be the endangerment to national security and issues like that. But we have been a nation which has accepted the persecuted. The first time I read something like this was in Vivekananda’s Chicago address.

      1. Profile photo of Saravana Uportal Saravana Uportal

        Thanks Rohit!

[op-ed snap] Speak up for the Rohingyas

  1. Context: As a response to protests in East and South Asia, Myanmar called for a special meeting with Foreign Ministers of ASEAN in Yangon
  2. The crisis has already killed 130 Rohingya Muslims, and has left dozens of buildings in their villages torched
  3. Around 30,000 Rohingyas have been displaced internally and thousands have tried to flee to neighbouring countries, especially Bangladesh, through perilous routes
  4. China and India have remained mostly passive on the long-standing Rohingya refugee crisis, that has direct geopolitical implications for both countries
  5. China and India share a border with Myanmar and have vested economic interests in the country owing to trade and investment ties
  6. India has a robust civil society, media, and human rights groups, but there are hardly any voices on the pathetic plight of Rohingya Muslims
  7. India: According to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, there are around 9,000 Rohingyas registered in Delhi and thousands more unregistered living in other parts of the country
  8. If India wants to project itself as a regional leader, it has to rise above narrow economic and geopolitical interests and take a stance consistent with the moral and spiritual values with which it identifies
  9. The crisis not only holds humanitarian significance, but also bears security implications for India and the region
  10. The persecuted Rohingya Muslims are likely to provide fertile recruiting grounds for extremist groups
  11. The UN has declared the group as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world

Note4Students:

India has a good track record of providing humanitarian assistance and facilitating smooth repatriation of refugees from the neighbourhood. However, that spirit seems to be missing today in the case of the Rohingyas.

Back2Basics:

  1. Despite living in Myanmar for decades, the Rohingyas have no legal standing and are seen as illegal settlers from Bangladesh
  2. There are restrictions on them in areas such as land ownership, marriage, employment, education, and movement
  3. In the 2014 census, Myanmar officials said they would not accept those who registered themselves as Rohingyas
  4. The temporary ID cards which were given to the minority community were also revoked in 2015 as result of protests from Buddhist majority groups

[op-ed snap] Rohingya Muslims being persecuted

  1. Background: Humanitarian crisis in Myanmar after the military crackdown on “Islamist jihadists” in the Rakhine State, home to more than one million Rohingya Muslims
  2. A new wave of migration of Rohingyas to neighbouring countries has begun since then
  3. How: Army denies targeting civilians, but satellite images taken after the start of the crackdown indicate that hundreds of buildings were burnt down
  4. Reports suggest that those who tried to flee the country were shot dead
  5. The migrants are not welcome in Myanmar’s neighbourhood either
  6. Why: Many in the Buddhist-majority country call Rohingyas illegal immigrants from Bangladesh though they have been living in Rakhine for generations
  7. The operation in Rakhine shows the change of government hasn’t brought any meaningful difference to Myanmar’s most disadvantaged sections
  8. The army still remains a powerful institution. It controls the security, defence and border ministries besides wielding considerable economic power

Bangladesh seeks peaceful solution to Rohingya crisis

  1. What: Bangladesh has expressed “great concern” over the ongoing crisis in Myanmar’s Rakhine State
  2. Reason: A military operation against “Islamist jihadists” has triggered a humanitarian emergency
  3. Bangladesh’s has handed a formal letter to Myanmar asking the authorities to intervene so that the Rohingya Muslims fleeing the conflict-zone can return to their homes
  4. Tension has been rife on the Myanmar-Bangladesh border
  5. Militants allegedly linked to Aqa Mul Mujahidin group launched attacks on Myanmar’s border police and the army
  6. The Myanmar Army has since been conducting operations in Rakhine, home for the country’s over a million Rohingya people
  7. The UNHCR on Nov 18 urged Bangladesh to keep its border with Myanmar open for the Rohingyas

MHA to hold meet on Rohingya Muslims

  1. Meeting will be attended by the Principal Secretaries (Home) of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.
  2. According to MHA estimates, over one lakh Rohingya Muslims have settled in these States.
  3. There are reports suggesting that radical groups may make an attempt to recruit some members of the community, which is a cause of concern.

[cd explains] The Rohingya Conflict

 

Dhaka plans to relocate Rohingya

Up to 6,000 Rohingya, Bangladeshi migrants stranded

  1. Attacks on members of the religious minority, have in the past 3 years left up to 280 people dead and forced 140,000 others from their homes.
  2. Around 800,000 Muslim Rohingyas live in Burma with around 80% living in the western state of Rakhine.
  3. Most of them have been denied citizenship by the Burmese government.
  4. The United Nations consider the Rohingya one of the world’s most persecuted minorities.
HT


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