Special Category Status and States

Andhra Pradesh government repealed laws on 3 capitals


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : States with multiple administrative capitals

Mains level : Need for more capital cities

The Andhra Pradesh Assembly unanimously passed a Bill to repeal two laws that were cleared last year to set up three different state capitals.

Three Capitals Act

  • The law was titled Andhra Pradesh Decentralisation and Inclusive Development of All Regions Act, 2020.
  • The incumbent govt had decided to reverse the previous government’s decision to have an ambitious world-class capital city at Amaravati, which is located between Vijayawada and Guntur.
  • Thus, it was decided that Amaravati was to be the Legislative capital, Visakhapatnam the Executive capital, and Kurnool the Judicial capital.

Why was it repealed?

  • Over a hundred petitions challenging the government’s move have been filed before the Andhra Pradesh High Court.
  • Farmers of Amaravati, who let the government acquire their lands, wanted them to stick to the previous plan and build a world-class capital city in the same location.

Will Andhra Pradesh have only one capital now?

  • It is not clear if the government will stick to Amaravati as the sole capital.
  • Throughout his address, the CM stressed the need for decentralization for the equitable development of all regions.

What are the other examples of multiple capital cities?

  • Among Indian states, Maharashtra has two capitals– Mumbai and Nagpur (which hold the winter session of the state assembly).
  • Himachal Pradesh has capitals at Shimla and Dharamshala (winter).
  • The former state of Jammu & Kashmir had Srinagar and Jammu (winter) as capitals.

Must read

Three capitals for Andhra Pradesh — its logic and the questions it raises


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