Indian Navy Updates

In news: Exercise ‘Sea Vigil’


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Ex Sea Vigil

Mains level : Holistic security of India's maritime domain

In a related development, the third edition of the ‘pan-India’ coastal defence Exercise ‘Sea Vigil-22’ is scheduled to be held on November 15 and 16.

Ex- Sea Vigil-22

  • The Exercise was conceptualised in 2018 to validate various measures that have been instituted towards enhancing maritime security since ‘26/11’.
  • The exercise aims to test its preparedness along the entire 7,516.6 km-long-coastline and exclusive economic zone of the country.
  • It aims to comprehensively and holistically validate the efficacy of the measures taken since 26/11.
  • It aims to simultaneously activate the coastal security mechanism across all 13 coastal States and Union Territories.
  • This involves the evaluation of critical areas and processes, including inter-agency coordination, information sharing and technical surveillance.
  • Multi agency audit and identification of gaps, shortfalls and incorporation of lessons learnt into Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) are also the desired outcomes.

Role of Indian Navy

  • Post 26/11, the Navy was designated as the agency responsible for overall maritime security, including offshore and coastal security.
  • The Coast Guard was designated as the agency responsible for coastal security in territorial waters.
  • A multi-tiered patrol and surveillance mechanism with focus on technical surveillance and augmenting Maritime Domain Awareness through the coastal radar chain was adopted.
  • Progress has been made in real-time information sharing through the National Command Control Communication and Intelligence (NC3I) Network and improving intelligence and operational coordination.

Significance of the exercise

  • The exercise is a build up towards the major Theatre Level Readiness Operational Exercise (TROPEX), which the Indian Navy conducts every two years.
  • Sea Vigil and TROPEX together will cover the entire spectrum maritime security challenges.

Progress till now

  • Verification and monitoring of a large number of fishing vessels in India has been greatly eased by the creation of the online ReALCraft (Registration and Licensing of Fishing Craft).
  • The process of installing transponders on sub-20 metre boats commenced with a pilot project in Tamil Nadu for 5,000 vessels is underway.
  • To allay the concerns of fishermen, the transponders with GPS have been modified into a two-way communication system.
  • An Automatic Identification System (AIS) was made compulsory for all vessels above 20 metres after the 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai.
  • Trials were conducted in association with the ISRO on one of their communication satellites last year along the coasts of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.


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