Tourism Sector

India secures 80th rank on Henley Passport Index


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Henley Passport Index

Mains level: Not Much


Central Idea

  • India has seen an improvement in its ranking on the Henley Passport Index 2023, climbing seven places to the 80th position from 87 last year.
  • However, despite the rise in ranking, the number of countries allowing visa-free access to Indian passport holders remains the same.

What is Henley Passport Index?

  • The Henley Passport Index is a global ranking system that measures the strength and value of passports from different countries.
  • It is published by Henley & Partners, a global residence and citizenship advisory firm.
  • The index provides an annual ranking of passports based on the number of countries and territories their holders can travel to without requiring a visa or with visa-on-arrival access.

How is it derived?

  • It takes into account data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and other reliable sources.
  • The index includes 199 passports and 227 travel destinations.
  • It assigns a “visa-free score” to each passport, which represents the number of destinations that can be visited without obtaining a visa in advance.
  • The higher the visa-free score, the stronger the passport.

India’s Passport Performance in 2023

  • India is ranked 80th in 2023.
  • In 2014, India ranked 76th with 52 countries granting visa-free access to Indian passport holders.
  • Since then, its ranking has fluctuated, with positions of 88th (2015), 85th (2016), 87th (2017), 81st (2018), 82nd (2019 and 2020), and 81st (2021).
  • In the Henley Openness Index, which measures the number of nations allowing visa-free access, India ranked 94th out of 97 countries for permitting visa-free access to only four nations.

Global scenario

  • Singapore Takes the Lead: Singapore has replaced Japan as the country with the most powerful passport, allowing its citizens visa-free access to 192 out of 227 travel destinations globally.
  • Other Top Countries: Germany, Italy, and Spain share the second position. The third position is shared by Austria, Finland, France, Luxembourg, South Korea, and Sweden.
  • Japan’s Position: Japan, previously holding the top position for five years, dropped to third place on the Henley Passport Index.
  • Pakistan: The country known for terrorism and the recent economic crisis has been ranked at 100 in the list. Citizens of Pakistan can travel to just 33 countries without applying for a visa.

Get an IAS/IPS ranker as your 1: 1 personal mentor for UPSC 2024

Attend Now

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments


Join us across Social Media platforms.

💥Mentorship New Batch Launch
💥Mentorship New Batch Launch