From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Gram Swaraj Scheme
Mains level : Read the attached story
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved a proposal to continue the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA), a scheme for improving the governance capabilities of Panchayati Raj institutions, till 2025-26.
What is RGSA?
- The RGSA, a centrally sponsored scheme, was first approved by the Union Cabinet in 2018 for implementation from 2018-19 to 2021-22.
- It is a unique scheme proposed to develop and strengthen the Panchayati Raj System across India in rural areas.
- The objective of the campaign is to promote social harmony, spread awareness about pro-poor initiatives of the government, and reach out to poor households to enroll them as also to obtain their feedback on various welfare programs.
- The main central components of the scheme included incentivization of panchayats and mission mode project on e-Panchayat including other activities at central level.
Scope of the scheme
- RGSA is extend to all States and Union Territories (UTs) of the country. It includes institutions of rural local government in non-Part IX areas.
- Part IX provides for a 3 tier Panchayat system, which would be constituted in every state at the village level, intermediate level and district level.
- This provision brought uniformity in the Panchayati Raj structure in India.
Areas where Part IX is not applicable:
As per Article 243M of the Constitution, provisions of Part IX of the Constitution are not applicable to:
Purpose of extension
The scheme would work towards:
- Poverty-free and enhanced livelihood in villages
- Healthy villages, child-friendly villages
- Water-sufficient villages
- Clean and green villages
- Self-sufficient infrastructure in villages
- Socially-secure villages with good governance and engendered development