Jallikattu Debate

Nov, 19, 2016

[op-ed snap] SC declined to review Jallikattu ban

  1. Jallikattu: a popular bull-taming sport held alongside annual harvest festivities in rural Tamil Nadu
  2. A macho sport in which young men demonstrate their valour by pouncing on fleeing bulls
  3. Why banned? Need to prevent cruelty to animals overrides the consideration that conducting the sport was necessary to preserve culture and tradition
  4. The game caused distress and pain to the animals, and led to injuries and occasional fatalities
  5. Cultural and religious significance for Tamil community: Over the years, tradition was kept alive in many villages
  6. This was due to a belief that not conducting jallikattu would invite divine wrath
  7. The court sticks to the stand that it would not allow any cruelty in the name of holding a rural sport
Nov, 17, 2016

Jallikattu ban: SC dismisses T.N. plea

  1. What: The SC dismissed a review petition filed by Tamil Nadu to review a 2014 apex court judgment banning Jallikattu
  2. Why: The Bench said “taming a bull” to perform in an event runs counter to the concept of welfare of the animal
  3. Animal welfare is the basic foundation of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960
  4. The court threw out Tamil Nadu’s argument that the ban affected the fundamental right to religion under Article 25
  5. Previous judgement: In 2014 the SC had banned Jallikattu after declaring it to be an act of “inherent cruelty”
Jul, 26, 2016

Remember Jallikattu? Here's what SC replied to another revival appeal

  1. Context: Tamil Nadu argued that if the Spanish Senate can in 2013 find the “far more cruel” sport of bull-fighting a cultural heritage, there is nothing wrong in farmers practising Jallikattu
  2. The State then said that ‘Jalli’ is the name of a ‘Yadav brave man with history dating back to the period of Lord Krishna’
  3. To all such appeals made in the name of ‘age-old tradition’, SC countered with the argument that child marriage too was once an ‘age-old tradition’
Jan, 21, 2016

Reining In The Bulls

A strictly regulated and independently audited jallikattu where suffering caused to bulls is minimised is the way to go.

  1. Amendment to the statutory rules under PCA, prevention of cruelty to animals act, barred bulls from being “exhibited or trained as performing animal”
  2. To neutralise SC ban, govt allowed Jallikattu & bullock-cart races “practised traditionally under the customs or culture” which supreme court stayed.
  3. Court viewed the PCA act through an “ecocentric” perspective as distinguished from an “anthropocentric” angle.
  4. That this act outlawed “infliction of unnecessary pain and suffering on the animals”
  5. But inclusion of bulls in the category of performing animals is ill-founded.
  6. The other animals in that list are monkeys, bears, lions, panthers and tigers — wild animals that have never been part of the rural, agrarian ecosystem.
  7. Festival can also be protected on grounds that it is an unquestionable part of intangible cultural heritage.
Jan, 18, 2016

Ban on jallikattu defied

Tension prevailed in Vadavalam village in Pudukottai district as some villagers allegedly pelted the police with stones.

  1. Defying the SC ban on conducting jallikattu, a bull taming sport, organisers in some interior villages went ahead with the event challenging the district administration and police to take action.
  2. In a few places, instead of the bull taming sport, organisers conducted ‘eruthattam’ (bull chase).
  3. The villagers allegedly brought bulls to the local temple under the pretext of offering worship but tried to use them to organise jallikattu.
  4. Officials of the Animal Welfare Board of India said the inaction of authorities in dealing with those who openly defied the court order amounted to contempt of judiciary.
Jan, 13, 2016

No Jallikattu in Tamil Nadu this year

The Supreme Court on Tuesday issued an interim stay on the Centre’s January 2016 notification allowing Jallikattu and bullock cart races.

  1. The Bench of Justices prima facie agreed with the arguments made by a batch of petitioners, led by Animal Welfare Board of India.
  2. That Jallikattu is “inherently cruel” and bulls cannot be used or tortured as performing animals for human festivity.
  3. A stay on the January 7 notification means that the 2014 SC judgment banning jallikattu will continue to prevail during Pongal starting on January 15.
  4. Admitting the petitions, the Bench gave the TamilNadu Government and the Centre 4 weeks to file affidavits in response to the petitions.
Jan, 13, 2016

Ministry put pressure on Animal Welfare Board

Pressure was brought to bear upon the Board by the Ministry when it decided to move against the January 7 notification.

  1. Till the SC stayed the Centre’s ‘Pongal gift’ to Tamil Nadu, there were some anxious moments at the Animal Welfare Board of India, which challenged the Ministry’s decision to allow jallikattu.
  2. Lawyers for the Animal Welfare Board of India had fought for the cause of protecting the bulls pro bono.
  3. The Board members are appointed for 3 years and it has provision for 6 MPs from Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha.
  4. The SC agreed to hear a batch of petitions moved by the Board seeking to quash the January 7 notification issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forests allowing jallikattu.
Jan, 12, 2016

SC to hear Animal Welfare Board’s petition challenging jallikattu order

A bench led by Chief Justice of India T.S. Thakur agreed to hear the petitions on an urgent basis on January 12.

  1. The SC on Monday agreed to hear on January 12 a batch of petitions led by the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI).
  2. Seeking to quash a January 7, 2016 notification issued by the MoEF, allowing the exhibition and use of bulls as performing animals for jallikattu and bullock-cart races.
  3. The petitions contended that the Centre cannot legalise a sport inherently causing pain and distress to dumb animals.
  4. By merely saying that bulls used for jallikattu (bull-taming sport) should not be subjected to cruelty.
  5. They questioned the notification’s justification to allow the return of jallikattu for cultural and traditional reasons.
Jan, 09, 2016

Jallikattu in T.N., bullock cart race in Maharashtra cleared

Centre ignores Attorney-General Rohatgi’s advice against move

  1. The Centre issued a notification to permit jallikattu, Tamil Nadu’s traditional bull-taming sport, ahead of the Pongal festival.
  2. The notification overturns a 2011 notification that prohibited the exhibition or training of bulls, and some other animals, as performing animals.
  3. The Supreme Court had in 2014 upheld the 2011 government order.
  4. Now, few guidelines added to regulate, these events shall take place in these areas at such places as the district magistrate or collector explicitly permits,
  5. That the bull once out of the enclosure shall be tamed within a radial distance of 15 metres.
Dec, 31, 2015

Union Cabinet meet discusses ‘Jallikattu’

  1. The banned bull taming sport of ‘Jallikattu,’ native to Tamil Nadu and performed during the Pongal festival was discussed at a meeting of the Union Cabinet.
  2. Govt. is finding the way to allow the event as most political parties have come out in its support.
  3. Earlier, the SC had banned the sport, and had said that any decision on the sport now needs to be taken after consultation with the Animal Welfare Board.
Feb, 21, 2015

Jallikattu ban dampens Pongal festivity in rural Tamil Nadu

  1. Jallikattu is a bull taming sport – organised during Pongal since the Sangam age.
  2. Coin bags & other prizes are tied to bull’s horn – men try to grab the prizes.
  3. SC last year banned the sport and all bullock cart races.

Discuss: Talking of races, an elephant race held at the Guruvayur temple at Kerala where winning elephant gets the honour to carry Thidambu (deity)!

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