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From India’s perspective, the freedom of navigation and overflight is critical for two reasons:
India is at present, not taking sides between the contestants in the dispute. So, the Indian position is balanced. At this stage, when it is talked about geopolitical dimension, India should continue this stand.
Rejection of the One China policy could inject new uncertainty into South China Sea. This development should be followed as it develops.
One China policy – is the diplomatic acknowledgement of the Chinese position that there is only one China in the world and Taiwan is a part of that China. Under the policy, the US has formal ties with China rather than the island of Taiwan, which China sees as a breakaway province to be reunified with the mainland one day.
As a part of the policy, Washington maintains a robust, non-official relationship with Taiwan, including continued arms sales to the island. Although Taiwan’s government claims it is an independent country officially called the “Republic of China”, any country that wants diplomatic relations with mainland China must break official ties with Taipei. It has resulted in Taiwan’s diplomatic isolation from the international community.
The policy can be traced back to 1949 and the end of the Chinese civil war. The defeated Nationalists, also known as the Kuomintang, retreated to Taiwan and set up their own government while the victorious Communists declared the People’s Republic of China. Both sides said they represented all of China. Since then China’s ruling Communist Party has threatened to use force if Taiwan ever formally declares independence, but it has also pursued a softer diplomatic track with the island in recent years.
The South China Sea dispute is frequently in the news, in fact a question on it came in this years mains. Understanding the disputes in SCS also helps us to understand India’s actions, such as closer ties with Vietnam. The dispute is being watched closely by everyone, especially given that a new President is coming in the US. Unless the US supports its allies in the region more strongly, we could witness more countries moving closer to China, like the Phillipines.
This conflict is in sharp contrast to the peaceful way in which India and Bangladesh settled their maritime dispute. India had complied with the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague ruling in favour of Bangladesh in 2014.
Discuss: With respect to the South China sea, maritime territorial disputes and rising tension affirm the need for safeguarding maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region. In this context, discuss the bilateral issues between India and China. [Mains 2014]
Increasing military presence in the disputed sea could effectively lead to a Beijing-controlled air defence zone.
The Arbitral Tribunal under the UN Convention on Law of Seas (UNCLOS) established at the request of the Philippines has no jurisdiction over the case.
As they look to diversify security partnerships, Manila and Hanoi would like to see India be more forthcoming with its hard power.
Matter lies in Nine-dash line game of China
Does China’s argument really justify its claims ?
How does Delhi’s Expanding Interest take a fore ?
Should India play as Hard Power role ?
Regrettably, Delhi continues to find it rather hard to translate India’s material capabilities into effective instruments for shaping the regional balance of power.
It is becoming clearer that the US has been going about the job of pulling the plug on China with quiet efficiency
What’s the point of contention ?
US’s concern and response
China’s Aspirations for expansion
Federal reserve’s Next Move
Geoeconomic and geopolitical developments in 2016 will not be good for the fainthearted.