Put an end to bottom trawling in Sri Lanka: Opposition Leader

  1. Source: R. Sampanthan, Leader of the Opposition in Sri Lankan Parliament
  2. The governments should ensure an end to bottom trawling while leaving the issues of daily importance to the fishermen
  3. The fishermen issue between India and Sri Lanka has a better chance of resolution if left to the fisherfolk on both sides
  4. There is no space for violence in dealing with the fishermen’s issue between the two countries
  5. Trawling Bill: Will be introduced in Sri Lankan Parliament
  6. It aims to ban the bottom trawlers from the waters around Sri Lanka
  7. Various provinces of the country have given their consent to the Bill
  8. Sri Lanka also has hundreds of bottom trawlers, especially in the Northern Province, that will be banned once Bill is passed
  9. The issue is at the centre of political controversy in Sri Lanka as it is believed that banning the practice will increase pressure on India to do the same

Note4students:

A link in the fishermen issue. Can be a part of mains answer.

[op-ed snap] Dire straits

Context:

  1. There is no certainty about the circumstances that led to the killing of a Tamil Nadu fisherman somewhere between the Indian and Sri Lankan coast
  2. There is no telling who pulled the trigger — whether it was the Sri Lankan Navy or some armed group
  3. It is also not clear where the shooting took place, whether in Sri Lankan waters or elsewhere

Why this tragedy?

  1. This was a tragedy waiting to happen, the direct fallout of the long-standing dispute between Tamil Nadu and Sri Lankan Tamil fishermen over fishing rights in the Palk Bay
  2. The Sri Lankan Navy denies it had a hand in the killing

What this tragedy means?

  1. Shooting exposes the lack of progress in implementation of the agreement between the two countries on preventing loss of life
  2. They are managing the fishing dispute through official channels

Joint Working Group:

  1. In 2016 the two countries agreed on establishing a Joint Working Group (JWG) on fisheries to help resolve the dispute
  2. Components of the mechanism:
  • A hotline between the Coast Guards of India and Sri Lanka
  • Convening of the JWG once in three months
  • Meetings of the fisheries ministers every half-year

Changing times:

  1. Instances of Indian fishermen crossing into Sri Lankan waters have always been commonplace, the consequences for such transgressions in recent years have been limited to seizure of boats and prolonged detention
  2. Unlike during the period of Sri Lanka’s war with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, when its Navy indiscriminately shot at boats and trawlers fearing smuggling of contraband by the Tamil rebels
  3. The last few years have seen few instances of firing at fishermen

The road ahead:

  1. After he returned to power in 2015, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said Indian fishermen who crossed the maritime boundary to fish in another country’s territorial waters would be fired upon
  2. Without arriving at a settlement on sustainable exploitation of the marine resources that would end the use of bottom trawlers from Tamil Nadu, India and Sri Lanka will not be able to ensure incident-free fishing in the strait
  3. Indian fishermen, who invoke traditional rights to justify their incursions, want a three-year phase-out period before they end trawling
  4. But unless they take to deep-sea fishing, and inland alternatives, India’s fishermen will be locked in a conflict with their Sri Lankan counterparts as well as with a hostile Sri Lankan Navy

 

India, Sri Lanka in talks on port

  1. What? India and Sri Lanka are in talks to offer the port of Trincomalee to India
  2. Why Trincomalee? It is one of the best deep sea ports in the world
  3. Neutrality: Trincomalee has been on the table for sometime as Sri Lanka wants to maintain a neutral stand and provide equal access to its ports to both China and India

Note4students:

Map the location of this port as also the south east Asia in Indian Ocean region & South China Sea as these are favourite areas of UPSC for mapping question apart from West Asia and Europe.

[op-ed snap] Humanitarian concerns for India-Sri Lanka fishing water

  1. Context: Agreement between India and Sri Lanka on establishing a Joint Working Group on fisheries- step forward in resolving dispute between fishermen of both countries
  2. Points of Agreement: A hotline between the Coast Guards of both countries, meeting of the JWG once in three months, meeting of the fisheries ministers every six months, no violence or loss of life of fishermen
  3. Prevailing issues: SL fishermen firm on immediate end to all incursion, against seized Indian boats being released without legal process
  4. TN fishermen ask for a three-year phase-out period for their trawlers, and they would fish for 85 days a year until then- rejected by SL
  5. SL holds that Indian vessels cause serious economic and ecological damage
  6. Steps to prevent boundary transgression: Provide livelihood alternative for TN fishermen
  7. Equip them for deep sea fishing option
  8. Show greater understanding of the plight of SL Tamil fishermen, who are economically weaker and yet to fully recover from a devastating war
  9. SL can look at a licensing system under which fishermen from both sides can fish on specified days using sustainable methods and permissible equipment

Sri Lanka’s ties with China and beyond

  1. Sri Lanka: Categorically denied there was any military engagement involved in its negotiations with China for its ‘One Road, One Belt’ initiative
  2. Negotiating an FTA with China under its OBOR initiative as it is necessary to make the Chinese investments in the country realise their full potential
  3. Jab at the developed world: The rules of globalization were written by the West and the Empire & we have only played by it
  4. At the end of the day, it’s not neoliberalism or free-market or anything else that worked
  5. Asia will bail the world out, if we are allowed to write the rules
  6. Otherwise we create our own system and deliver (on making our people happy) by building our own markets

Give boost to regional trade- Sri Lankan PM

  1. Sri Lanka has suggested the creation of a larger special zone of economic cooperation around the Bay of Bengal
  2. It would takes on board Singapore, Indonesia and Malaysia in addition to BIMSTEC countries
  3. Sri Lanka is negotiating FTA with Singapore, while India already has comprehensive economic partnership pact with the latter
  4. So there is scope for a trilateral arrangement to boost the three economies

India-Sri Lanka economic pact by 2016-end, says Ranil Wickremesinghe

  1. Prime Ministers of both India & Sri Lanka have decided to conclude an enhanced bilateral economic partnership and also the existing FTA by the end of this year
  2. Aim: To allow the free flow of services, investments and technology
  3. Closer economic ties can especially boost India’s five southern States

Sri Lanka to seal trade pact with India by mid-2017

  1. News: Sri Lanka and India have urged their officials to expedite negotiations on the proposed Economic and Technology Cooperation Agreement (ETCA)
  2. Though certain sections in Sri Lanka had reservations against the ETCA, the government had organised a campaign to counter the anti-ETCA drive
  3. Context: India has been negotiating with Sri Lanka on the ETCA, an extension over the existing Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  4. Though Sri Lanka depends upon Beijing for 20% of its imports, there is no bilateral FTA
  5. Trivia: India accounts for 23% of Sri Lanka’s total imports

India sends relief material to Sri Lanka

  1. India has dispatched military ships and an aircraft with rescue and relief material to Sri Lanka
  2. Reason: Torrential rains and landslides have resulted in several deaths and massive devastation over the last few days in Sri Lanka
  3. Ships: Two Navy ships — one Naval Offshore Patrol INS Sunayna and one survey ship INS Sutlej with relief material
  4. Relief material: Inflatable rafts, fresh water, medical supplies, clothing and other provisions necessary for disaster relief operations

Connecting Sri Lanka- bridge or undersea?

  1. Context: India is considering an ambitious bridge or undersea tunnel linking the Indian mainland with Sri Lanka
  2. Bridge between: Rameswaram and Sri Lanka
  3. Proposed by: Manila-based Asian Development Bank (ADB), which will also finance the project
  4. Benefit: A boost to sub regional cooperation within SAARC

India assures Sri Lanka of support for reconciliation

  1. India has expressed support for Sri Lanka on its reconciliation and development policies
  2. The Sri Lankan has sought India’s assistance to improve the health and education of people living in estates, who were essentially of the recent Indian origin
  3. Background – LTTE armed conflict that led to turmoil in the Sri Lanka
  4. New Issues – The fishermen of the Northern Province of SL are facing problem due to bottom trawling
  5. New Developments – India’s offer to set up an IT park in Sri Lanka that could attract investments

India ready to address Sri Lanka’s concerns on economy pact

  1. India will address Sri Lanka’s concerns on the proposed Economic and Technological Cooperation Agreement
  2. It will also address issues concerning regulations and procedures
  3. This comes in response to criticism from certain quarters that the proposed agreement would take away jobs of Sri Lankan professionals
  4. Earlier, Sri Lankan govt. too expressed its reservations about allowing Indian professionals in Sri Lanka under any new agreement


:( We are working on most probable questions. Do check back this section.







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