Categories
Announcements

Missed the Webinar by 2017 GS Topper Sajal Sir? || Sign up to get the Recorded Session with a Free Mentorship!|| 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing for Mains||

The webinar by Sajal Sir on the best practices of answer writing was a massive success amongst aspirants who got the chance to clear their doubts with him. Many aspirants let us know how they had never realised the mistakes they made till Sajal Sir pointed it out to them. Since the webinar was on 7 November, we are sharing the recorded session with members who had missed it. In addition to this, you can avail a free 1-on-1 counselling session with an expert mentor in the next 24 hours! All you have to do is sign up the form below.

Now that UPSC CSE prelims results are out, you would have started answer writing practice for mains. Keep in mind that answering for mains is not like answering your university papers. Over here, examiners expect pointers, examples, flowcharts, mind maps, diagrams than long paragraphs. Given the time and word limit, it’s better not to beat around the bush while answering.

Open to All, Free Webinar on 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing

Sajal sir has shared his experiences of scoring 120+ in all the UPSC 2017 GS papers in the webinar. This webinar about the new age formula to ace UPSC Mains is absolutely free for all to attend.

For a better understanding on the format of the webinar, here’s Sajal sir’s explanation on how to approach a sample question.

It is commented that Electoral bonds instead of cleansing India’s electoral system distort India’s democracy. Do you agree? Critically analyse.

Sajal Sir Suggests: Understand the key demand of the question. Don’t get swayed by only seeing the theme of the question. Question is not about electoral bonds only. Many aspirants write everything they know about electoral bonds. You need to first mention how it will cleanse India’s electoral system. After that, link it with democracy. How it violates key features of democracy like transparency, accountability and level playing field. Writing only Pros and Cons will not fetch you marks. 

Why you should Attend Sajal Sir’s Webinar?

Do you know that toppers use certain techniques of answer-writing to score higher marks? Are you aware of the PESTLE approach or the 7-5-3 technique of answer writing? If not, then its time you attended this webinar

Sajal sir in the past 7 years has mentored over 400 students who went onto become UPSC toppers. Apart from this, his course SMASH Mains 2020 had a turnover of 80% interview recommended candidates.

This is how the UPSC Toppers scored in test series before Sajal sir’s intervention —

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta(AIR-42)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay-(AIR-65)- Answers Before Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

They had tried everything but were not able to score high in the exams. From their approach to answering to the body of answers, they faced problems. They faced problems with things like putting proper headings, how to frame dimensions, introductions, conclusions, etc. They never even got the right feedback which could have helped them!

And this is how they improved after learning the best answer writing practices from him

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta (AIR-42)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay (AIR -65) – Answers After Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers After Feedback From CD

If you wish to learn and unlearn certain reading and writing habits, attending this webinar is the first step in the right direction.

What will you learn in this webinar?

Fundamental mistakes in answer writing that can be avoided?

How to understand the meaning behind a complex indirect question?

How to use the PESTLE approach to answer certain type of questions?

How to extract information read into Pros and Cons?

How to finish an answer in seven minutes?

How to think and write an answer simultaneously?

How to write an innovative answer which can get you an extra 1 mark?

Few thumb rules of answer writing with examples.

Towards the end of the session, Sajal sir will hold a Q&A session for all aspirants to share their doubts and get answers from him.

Why UPSC toppers are convinced about Sajal Sir’s Mentorship?

Read other answers over here.

Categories
Announcements

Meeting Link Inside || Register & Join Now| Beyond the Basics: How to Write Above-Average Answers for GS4 Ethics?|| Free Webinar By 140 scorer Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Team is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.
Beyond the Basics: How to Write Above-Average Answers for GS4 Ethics? || Free Webinar By 140 scorer Sukanya Ma’am*

Date & Time: Nov 10, 2021 @ 03:00 p.m. (start joining by 02:45 PM India)
Join Zoom Meeting: https://zoom.us/j/97610276412?pwd=YkZMNzZaWHhaWk1tZG01UnlwRlZnZz09
Meeting ID: 976 1027 6412

Passcode: 020010

Every aspirant studies the same standard book for Ethics and gets the same time during exam. And yet, only a few score above 110+ while others don’t. Why? 

Answer writing for GS4 Ethics is not an inborn talent, it is a skill you can master with the right approach and guidance.

Join Sukanya Rana Ma’am as she takes you through the advanced nuances of GS4 Ethics and solves a few case studies in the free webinar on 10 November (Wednesday)

Why Should you Attend this Webinar?

Every time and every year almost 90% of the GS4 questions come from topics covered in standard books. This is unlike your GS2 and GS3 papers. Hence, it has the least syllabus out of all the papers. The challenges faced by most aspirants in Ethics is not syllabus coverage.

But writing what is covered in the standard books alone won’t fetch you extra marks. Do you think most of your time is spent understanding the case study than framing an answer for it? Do you want ready-made answers in your mind and write as you go?

Then this free webinar is the for you! Advance your possibility of success by learning from Sukanya Rana Ma’am who scored 140 in 2019 Ethics paper.

What will you Learn in this Webinar?

1. Five years paper analysis of Ethics. What are the trends you shouldn’t miss?

2. Get an extra edge in your answers. How to have an analytical approach in your answers?

3. The 3 common types of questions asked in the exam. What are they?

4. The trickier aspects of the exam. How to answer quote based questions?

5. Time-management techniques for GS4 Ethics. How not to compromise quality in your answers?

Webinar Details

All aspirants are welcome to interact with Sukanya Ma’am and clear their doubts in the Q&A session. This webinar is absolutely free and only requires prior registration.

Date: 10 November (Wednesday)

Time: 3 P.M

About Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Sukanya ma’am has the experience of 4 mains and 2 interviews in UPSC. She has also appeared in the State PCS interview. Before being a mentor at Civilsdaily, she worked as an officer in a public sector bank. Sukanya Rana Ma’am is passionate about guiding future officers in finding success.

As an aspirant, she consistently scored 100+ marks in Ethics paper. Notably, in 2019 her marks were 140 in GS 4. Under her mentorship, many Smash Mains 2020 students were able to secure 110+ marks.

Categories
Announcements

Registrations Closing in 1 Hour|| Beyond the Basics: How to Write Above-Average Answers for GS4 Ethics?|| Free Webinar By 140 scorer Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Every aspirant studies the same standard book for Ethics and gets the same time during exam. And yet, only a few score above 110+ while others don’t. Why? 

Answer writing for GS4 Ethics is not an inborn talent, it is a skill you can master with the right approach and guidance.

Join Sukanya Rana Ma’am as she takes you through the advanced nuances of GS4 Ethics and solves a few case studies in the free webinar on 10 November (Wednesday)

Why Should you Attend this Webinar?

Every time and every year almost 90% of the GS4 questions come from topics covered in standard books. This is unlike your GS2 and GS3 papers. Hence, it has the least syllabus out of all the papers. The challenges faced by most aspirants in Ethics is not syllabus coverage.

But writing what is covered in the standard books alone won’t fetch you extra marks. Do you think most of your time is spent understanding the case study than framing an answer for it? Do you want ready-made answers in your mind and write as you go?

Then this free webinar is the for you! Advance your possibility of success by learning from Sukanya Rana Ma’am who scored 140 in 2019 Ethics paper.

What will you Learn in this Webinar?

1. Five years paper analysis of Ethics. What are the trends you shouldn’t miss?

2. Get an extra edge in your answers. How to have an analytical approach in your answers?

3. The 3 common types of questions asked in the exam. What are they?

4. The trickier aspects of the exam. How to answer quote based questions?

5. Time-management techniques for GS4 Ethics. How not to compromise quality in your answers?

Webinar Details

All aspirants are welcome to interact with Sukanya Ma’am and clear their doubts in the Q&A session. This webinar is absolutely free and only requires prior registration.

Date: 10 November (Wednesday)

Time: 3 P.M

About Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Sukanya ma’am has the experience of 4 mains and 2 interviews in UPSC. She has also appeared in the State PCS interview. Before being a mentor at Civilsdaily, she worked as an officer in a public sector bank. Sukanya Rana Ma’am is passionate about guiding future officers in finding success.

As an aspirant, she consistently scored 100+ marks in Ethics paper. Notably, in 2019 her marks were 140 in GS 4. Under her mentorship, many Smash Mains 2020 students were able to secure 110+ marks.

Categories
Daily AWE

10th November 2021| Daily Answer Writing Enhancement(AWE)

Topics for Today’s questions:

GS-1    Post-independence Consolidation and Reorganization within the country.

GS-2    Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora

GS-3   Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.

GS-4   Aptitude and Foundational Values for Civil Service, Integrity, Impartiality and Non-partisanship, Objectivity, Dedication to Public Service, Empathy, Tolerance and Compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Questions:

Question 1)

 

Q.1 “Formation of Linguistic states and their movement have changed the nature of democratic politics and leadership in basic ways in India.” Discuss. (10 Marks)

 

Question 2)

Q.2 India has failed to fully appreciate the usage of international law as a means to advance its national security interests. In the context of this, list the examples that demonstrate India’s failure to use an international law-friendly vocabulary to articulate its security interests and suggest the way forward. (10 Marks)

Question 3)

Q.3 What are the challenges and opportunities presented by India’s commitment to net-zero emission targets? (10 Marks)

Question 4)  

Q.4 What do you understand by empathy? Is it always in congruence with rationality and objectivity? Examine. (10 Marks)

 

HOW TO ATTEMPT ANSWERS IN DAILY ANSWER WRITING ENHANCEMENT(AWE)?

  1. Daily 4 questions from General studies 1, 2, 3, and 4 will be provided to you.

  2. A Mentor’s Comment will be available for all answers. This can be used as a guidance tool but we encourage you to write original answers.

  3. You can write your answer on an A4 sheet and scan/click pictures of the same.

  4.  Upload the scanned answer in the comment section of the same question.

  5. Along with the scanned answer, please share your Razor payment ID, so that paid members are given priority.

  6. If you upload the answer on the same day like the answer of 11th  October is uploaded on 11th October then your answer will be checked within 72 hours. Also, reviews will be in the order of submission- First come first serve basis

  7. If you are writing answers late, for example, 11th October is uploaded on 13th October, then these answers will be evaluated as per the mentor’s schedule.

  8. We encourage you to write answers on the same day. However, if you are uploading an answer late then tag the mentor like @Staff so that the mentor is notified about your answer.

*In case your answer is not reviewed, reply to your answer saying *NOT CHECKED*. 

For the philosophy of AWE and payment: 

Categories
Announcements

Starting Today @ 3PM || Beyond the Basics: How to Write Above-Average Answers for GS4 Ethics?|| Free Webinar By 140 scorer Sukanya Rana Ma’am || Register Now

Every aspirant studies the same standard book for Ethics and gets the same time during exam. And yet, only a few score above 110+ while others don’t. Why? 

Answer writing for GS4 Ethics is not an inborn talent, it is a skill you can master with the right approach and guidance.

Join Sukanya Rana Ma’am as she takes you through the advanced nuances of GS4 Ethics and solves a few case studies in the free webinar on 10 November (Wednesday)

Why Should you Attend this Webinar?

Every time and every year almost 90% of the GS4 questions come from topics covered in standard books. This is unlike your GS2 and GS3 papers. Hence, it has the least syllabus out of all the papers. The challenges faced by most aspirants in Ethics is not syllabus coverage.

But writing what is covered in the standard books alone won’t fetch you extra marks. Do you think most of your time is spent understanding the case study than framing an answer for it? Do you want ready-made answers in your mind and write as you go?

Then this free webinar is the for you! Advance your possibility of success by learning from Sukanya Rana Ma’am who scored 140 in 2019 Ethics paper.

What will you Learn in this Webinar?

1. Five years paper analysis of Ethics. What are the trends you shouldn’t miss?

2. Get an extra edge in your answers. How to have an analytical approach in your answers?

3. The 3 common types of questions asked in the exam. What are they?

4. The trickier aspects of the exam. How to answer quote based questions?

5. Time-management techniques for GS4 Ethics. How not to compromise quality in your answers?

Webinar Details

All aspirants are welcome to interact with Sukanya Ma’am and clear their doubts in the Q&A session. This webinar is absolutely free and only requires prior registration.

Date: 10 November (Wednesday)

Time: 3 P.M

About Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Sukanya ma’am has the experience of 4 mains and 2 interviews in UPSC. She has also appeared in the State PCS interview. Before being a mentor at Civilsdaily, she worked as an officer in a public sector bank. Sukanya Rana Ma’am is passionate about guiding future officers in finding success.

As an aspirant, she consistently scored 100+ marks in Ethics paper. Notably, in 2019 her marks were 140 in GS 4. Under her mentorship, many Smash Mains 2020 students were able to secure 110+ marks.

Categories
Announcements

Beyond the Basics: How to Write Above-Average Answers for GS4 Ethics?|| Free Webinar By 140 scorer Sukanya Rana Ma’am || Limited Seats Only, Reserve Your Spot Now

Every aspirant studies the same standard book for Ethics and gets the same time during exam. And yet, only a few score above 110+ while others don’t. Why? 

Answer writing for GS4 Ethics is not an inborn talent, it is a skill you can master with the right approach and guidance.

Join Sukanya Rana Ma’am as she takes you through the advanced nuances of GS4 Ethics and solves a few case studies in the free webinar on 10 November (Wednesday)

Why Should you Attend this Webinar?

Every time and every year almost 90% of the GS4 questions come from topics covered in standard books. This is unlike your GS2 and GS3 papers. Hence, it has the least syllabus out of all the papers. The challenges faced by most aspirants in Ethics is not syllabus coverage.

But writing what is covered in the standard books alone won’t fetch you extra marks. Do you think most of your time is spent understanding the case study than framing an answer for it? Do you want ready-made answers in your mind and write as you go?

Then this free webinar is the for you! Advance your possibility of success by learning from Sukanya Rana Ma’am who scored 140 in 2019 Ethics paper.

What will you Learn in this Webinar?

1. Five years paper analysis of Ethics. What are the trends you shouldn’t miss?

2. Get an extra edge in your answers. How to have an analytical approach in your answers?

3. The 3 common types of questions asked in the exam. What are they?

4. The trickier aspects of the exam. How to answer quote based questions?

5. Time-management techniques for GS4 Ethics. How not to compromise quality in your answers?

Webinar Details

All aspirants are welcome to interact with Sukanya Ma’am and clear their doubts in the Q&A session. This webinar is absolutely free and only requires prior registration.

Date: 10 November (Wednesday)

Time: 3 P.M

About Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Sukanya ma’am has the experience of 4 mains and 2 interviews in UPSC. She has also appeared in the State PCS interview. Before being a mentor at Civilsdaily, she worked as an officer in a public sector bank. Sukanya Rana Ma’am is passionate about guiding future officers in finding success.

As an aspirant, she consistently scored 100+ marks in Ethics paper. Notably, in 2019 her marks were 140 in GS 4. Under her mentorship, many Smash Mains 2020 students were able to secure 110+ marks.

Categories
Unherd: Civilsdaily's UPSC 2020 Toppers Talk Series

Balanced Opinion & Civils Daily’s PYQ Solutions – true gamechangers || AIR 16 Arth Jain || UNHERD: Civilsdaily’s Topper series || Link inside

Talk to Arth’s UPSC Mentors:- https://bit.ly/3o5iMqQ

Civils Daily is comprehensive online learning platform. Arth has been associated with Civils Daily ecosystem at various levels. He has utilised the high quality open content available on CivilsDaily website.
Furthermore, he joined the Interview course where he could utilise the programme to get AIR 16 besides his hard work.

Arth has mastered the balanced opinion and excellent time management. CD’s PYQs solution made his preparation journey easy and effective.

This Unherd video has rich insights about the exam preparation which you can’t afford to miss.

Heartiest congratulations to Arth Jain
AIR 16
UPSC Civil Services 2020

Categories
Daily AWE

9th November 2021| Daily Answer Writing Enhancement(AWE)

Topics for Today’s questions:

GS-1    The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

GS-2   Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

GS-3    Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

GS-4    Attitude: Content, Structure, Function; its Influence and Relation with Thought and Behaviour; Moral and Political Attitudes; Social Influence and Persuasion.

Questions:

Question 1)

 

Q.1 Examine how press started by prominent Indians both in English and vernacular languages influenced the freedom struggle. Also, discuss the British reaction to this new form of Indian expression. (15 Marks)

 

Question 2)

Q.2 Eurasia involves the recalibration of India’s continental strategy. India has certainly dealt with Eurasia’s constituent spaces separately over the decades. What Delhi now needs is an integrated approach to Eurasia. In the context of this, examine the challenges in India’s engagement with Eurasia and suggest the elements that should form part of India’s strategy towards Eurasia. (10 Marks)

Question 3)

Q.3 How Gati Shakti National Master Plan aims to upgrade India’s national infrastructure and multimodal connectivity? What are its various components? (10 Marks)

Question 4)  

Q.4 The greatest discovery of all time is that a person can change his future by merely changing his attitude. What is the importance of attitude in one’s life? What important role does attitude play in one’s success? Elaborate. (10 Marks)

 

HOW TO ATTEMPT ANSWERS IN DAILY ANSWER WRITING ENHANCEMENT(AWE)?

  1. Daily 4 questions from General studies 1, 2, 3, and 4 will be provided to you.

  2. A Mentor’s Comment will be available for all answers. This can be used as a guidance tool but we encourage you to write original answers.

  3. You can write your answer on an A4 sheet and scan/click pictures of the same.

  4.  Upload the scanned answer in the comment section of the same question.

  5. Along with the scanned answer, please share your Razor payment ID, so that paid members are given priority.

  6. If you upload the answer on the same day like the answer of 11th  October is uploaded on 11th October then your answer will be checked within 72 hours. Also, reviews will be in the order of submission- First come first serve basis

  7. If you are writing answers late, for example, 11th October is uploaded on 13th October, then these answers will be evaluated as per the mentor’s schedule.

  8. We encourage you to write answers on the same day. However, if you are uploading an answer late then tag the mentor like @Staff so that the mentor is notified about your answer.

*In case your answer is not reviewed, reply to your answer saying *NOT CHECKED*. 

For the philosophy of AWE and payment: 

Categories
Announcements

Beyond the Basics: How to Write Above-Average Answers for GS4 Ethics?|| Free Webinar By 140 scorer Sukanya Rana Ma’am || Limited Seats Only, Reserve Your Spot Now

Every aspirant studies the same standard book for Ethics and gets the same time during exam. And yet, only a few score above 110+ while others don’t. Why? 

Answer writing for GS4 Ethics is not an inborn talent, it is a skill you can master with the right approach and guidance.

Join Sukanya Rana Ma’am as she takes you through the advanced nuances of GS4 Ethics and solves a few case studies in the free webinar on 10 November (Wednesday)

Why Should you Attend this Webinar?

Every time and every year almost 90% of the GS4 questions come from topics covered in standard books. This is unlike your GS2 and GS3 papers. Hence, it has the least syllabus out of all the papers. The challenges faced by most aspirants in Ethics is not syllabus coverage.

But writing what is covered in the standard books alone won’t fetch you extra marks. Do you think most of your time is spent understanding the case study than framing an answer for it? Do you want ready-made answers in your mind and write as you go?

Then this free webinar is the for you! Advance your possibility of success by learning from Sukanya Rana Ma’am who scored 140 in 2019 Ethics paper.

What will you Learn in this Webinar?

1. Five years paper analysis of Ethics. What are the trends you shouldn’t miss?

2. Get an extra edge in your answers. How to have an analytical approach in your answers?

3. The 3 common types of questions asked in the exam. What are they?

4. The trickier aspects of the exam. How to answer quote based questions?

5. Time-management techniques for GS4 Ethics. How not to compromise quality in your answers?

Webinar Details

All aspirants are welcome to interact with Sukanya Ma’am and clear their doubts in the Q&A session. This webinar is absolutely free and only requires prior registration.

Date: 10 November (Wednesday)

Time: 3 P.M

About Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Sukanya ma’am has the experience of 4 mains and 2 interviews in UPSC. She has also appeared in the State PCS interview. Before being a mentor at Civilsdaily, she worked as an officer in a public sector bank. Sukanya Rana Ma’am is passionate about guiding future officers in finding success.

As an aspirant, she consistently scored 100+ marks in Ethics paper. Notably, in 2019 her marks were 140 in GS 4. Under her mentorship, many Smash Mains 2020 students were able to secure 110+ marks.

Categories
Burning Issues

[Burning Issue] Data: The New Gold

UPSC 2022 countdown has begun! Get your personal guidance plan now! (Click here)

In the age of the digital economy, data is the “new oil” and the “new gold”. Lots of apps have no revenue generation, but their only benefit is data. This business model of the Internet is called Surveillance capitalism, where all social media apps and other such platforms make their money collecting data on users and monetizing that. Companies such as Google, Facebook, and Amazon have all built empires atop the data economy.

India is in a strong position to lead the world in the industry 4.0 revolution that relies on big data analytics and digital technology to improve manufacturing. The cheap cost of mobile data in India and the increasing use of digital technology to set up businesses will facilitate economic transactions and interaction with the government. Let us understand the topic in detail and try to understand what data is and why it has garnered such importance.

What is Data?

  • Data refers to distinct pieces of information, usually formatted and stored in a way that is concordant with a specific purpose.
  • Since the advent of computer science in the mid-1900s, however, data most commonly refers to information that is transmitted or stored electronically.
  • Data has become the forefront of many mainstream conversations about technology. New innovations constantly draw commentary on data, how we use and analyze it, and broader implications for those effects.

What is Big data?

  • Big Data is a phrase used to mean a massive volume of both structured and unstructured data that is so large it is difficult to process using traditional database and software techniques.
  • Through the use of high-end computing and algorithms, Big data has been used in the industry to provide customer insights by analyzing and predicting customer behavior through data derived from social media.
  • Big data analytics: The process of collecting, organizing, and synthesizing large sets of data to discover patterns or other useful information.

What is Data privacy?

  • Data privacy or information privacy is a branch of data security concerned with the proper handling of data – consent, notice, and regulatory obligations.
  • It got highlighted when identifiable data of about 50 million Facebook users was breached by an analytics firm.
  • Privacy is a basic human right, in the digital age where life has so prominently got integrated with the digital world, data privacy has become a human right too.

What is Industrial Revolution 4.0?

  • The Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR 4.0) is a term that describes present technological age. It is the fourth industrial era since the inception of the initial Industrial Revolution of the 18th century.
  • The key elements of the fourth revolution are the fusion of technologies ranging from the physical, digital to biological spheres.

Characteristics of IR 4.0

  • It is characterized by a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.
  • It brings together digital technology and the physical world to create a new range of products and services.
  • The possibilities of billions of people connected by mobile devices, with unprecedented processing power, storage capacity, and access to knowledge, are unlimited.
  • And these possibilities will be multiplied by emerging technology breakthroughs in fields such as artificial intelligence, robotics, the Internet of Things, autonomous vehicles, 3-D printing, nanotechnology, biotechnology, materials science, energy storage, and quantum computing.
  • The revolution is evolving at an exponential rather than a linear pace and it is disrupting almost every industry in every country.

Why data is so important?

  • How data will be employed fruitfully, and its value captured, will decide a nation’s rank in the emerging new global geo-economic and geo-political hierarchies.
  • The global digital or artificial intelligence (AI) economy is currently a two-horse race between the U.S. and China.
  • It is feared that all other countries, including the European Union (EU) and major developing countries such as India, will have to become fully digitally dependent on one of these two digital superpowers.
  • This will considerably compromise their economic and political independence, something referred to as digital colonization.
  • The shift to digital power, and its concentration, is very evident. Seven of the top eight companies by market cap globally today are data-based corporations.
  • A decade back, this list was dominated by industrial and oil giants. Almost all top digital corporations in the world are U.S. or Chinese.

What is Digital India

  • Digital India is a campaign launched to ensure the Government’s services are made available to citizens electronically by improved online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity or by making the country digitally empowered in the field of technology.
  • The initiative includes plans to connect rural areas with high-speed internet networks.
  • Digital India consists of three core components: the development of secure and stable digital infrastructure, delivering government services digitally, and universal digital literacy.
  • Key Projects include Digilockers, SBM Mobile app, e-Sign framework to enable citizens to digitally sign document online, online registration system launched under e-Hospital application, etc.

What is the digital economy?

  • Digital economy is defined as an economy that focuses on digital technologies, i.e. it is based on digital and computing technologies.
  • It essentially covers all business, economic, social, cultural etc. activities that are supported by the web and other digital communication technologies.
  • There are three main components of this economy:
    1. e-business
    2. e-business infrastructure
    3. e-commerce

Data Requires Infrastructure

  • Just as oil requires infrastructure for storage and transportation, data requires infrastructure in the form of software and hardware.
  • Any business that wants to maintain data for analytics will need technology for collecting the data and storing the data.
  • Good data infrastructure has the following qualities:
    1. Available — obviously, you should be able to retrieve data from the system in a reasonable amount of time. Especially if you plan to frequently reuse the data for analytics.
    2. Fault-tolerant — what happens if a machine suddenly fails and the data on it is lost or corrupted? You need a system that can handle events such as these without losing data. This is where distributed computing comes into play in big data applications.
    3. Cost-effective — data infrastructure that becomes unnecessarily expensive becomes a liability rather than an asset.

Why Digital Economy is important for India?

  • Increase in Revenues: When the transactions are digitized, monitoring sales and taxes becomes convenient. This increase the revenue of the government resulting in growth of the overall financial status of the country.
  • Removal of Black Economy: When the transactions are made digitally, they can be easily monitored. There will be no means for illegal transactions to occur. By restricting the cash-based transactions can efficiently expel the black economy.
  • Empowerment to People: One of the biggest advantages of moving towards digital economy is that it gives an empowerment to the citizens. When the payments move digital, each and every individual is bound to have a bank account, a mobile phone, etc.
    • The government can easily transfer the subsidies directly to Aadhaar-linked bank accounts of people.
  • Creation of New Jobs: The digital economy has a lot of potential to enhance job opportunities in new market as well as increasing employment opportunities in some of the existing occupations in the government.
  • Paves the Way to e-Governance: The quicker, safe, and more efficient alternative traditional governance, e-governance will be the ultimate outcome of the digital economy. Thus, it is convenient for people to access the information they need on the go.

What is digital market imbalance and how to fix it?

  • Due to inability of government to address this market concentration, it has resulted in the creation of digital market oligarchy because larger players like Facebook, Google, Amazon etc enjoy significant returns to scale.
  • Thereby the digital economy poses a problem for competition policy.
  • Economic policies must itself move towards digitization to remain relevant in this digital era. This can be done by:
    1. India must protect its startups from becoming proprietary of foreign brands (through takeovers), this can be done by allowing preferential shares.
      • For eg: Take over of Flipkart by Walmart.
    2. Data must be monetized on part of data subjects, data subjects must be paid a royalty for use of their data.
    3. The government must lay down policies that put a check on anti-competitive policies of these digital companies. In this light, Draft e-commerce policy is a welcome step.
    4. India till now has no law to stop apps from sharing your data with data brokers or data analytics firms.
    5. An ideal data protection law must reflect the Supreme Court’s recent decision: That all interference with the right to privacy must be necessary and proportionate.
    6. Data protection law must incorporate inspiration from the European Union’s implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and BN Srikrishna report.
    7. The law must also lay down norms of accountability on part of digital tech giants.
    8. Also, the government must clear the air around the use of Aadhaar that has raised speculations about the surveillance state.

What is mean data protection?

  • Data protection is the process of safeguarding important information from corruption, compromise or loss.
  • Data is the large collection of information that is stored in a computer or on a network.
  • The importance of data protection increases as the amount of data created and stored continues to grow at unprecedented rates.

What is the need for data protection?

  • Large number of web users: There are about 504 million active web users and India’s online market is second only to China.
  • Data as a source of profit: Large collection of information about individuals and their online habits has become an important source of profits.
  • Concern of privacy: It is also a potential avenue for invasion of privacy because it can reveal extremely personal aspects.
    • Companies, governments, and political parties find it valuable because they can use it to find the most convincing ways to advertise to you online.

Laws for Data Protection across the Globe:

  • European Union: The primary aim of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is to give individuals control over their personal data.
  • US: It has sectoral laws to deal with matters of digital privacy such as the US Privacy Act, 1974, Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act etc.

Initiatives in India

1) Information Technology Act, 2000

  • It provides for safeguard against certain breaches in relation to data from computer systems. It contains provisions to prevent the unauthorized use of computers, computer systems and data stored therein.

2) Personal Data Protection Bill 2019

  • The Supreme Court maintained the right to privacy as a fundamental right in the landmark decision of K.S. Puttaswamy vs Union of India 2017 after which the Union government had appointed Justice B.N. Srikrishna Committee for proposing skeletal legislation in the discipline of data protection.
  • The Committee came up with its report and draft legislation in the form of the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018.
  • In 2019, Parliament again revised the Bill and much deviation from the 2018 Bill was evident. The new Bill was named as Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019.
    • The purpose of this Bill is to provide for protection of privacy of individuals relating to their Personal Data and to establish a Data Protection Authority of India for the said purposes and the matters concerning the personal data of an individual.

Way Forward

  • In this digital age, data is a valuable resource that should not be left unregulated.
    • The time is ripe for India to have a robust data protection regime.
  • Policies need to be reformulated to ensure that it focuses on user rights with an emphasis on user privacy. A privacy commission would have to be established to enforce these rights.
  • The government would also have to respect the privacy of the citizens while strengthening the right to information.
  • Additionally, the technological leaps made in the last two to three years also need to be addressed knowing that they have the capacity of turning the law redundant.

Conclusion

  • The digital economy seems to be growing and flourishing very well even without such regimes.
  • Disengaging from signing binding agreements on uninhibited data flows across borders does not mean that a country would simply localize all data.
    • Some kinds of data may indeed need to be localized, while others should freely flow globally.
  • It just means that a country retains complete data policy space, and the means to shape its digital industrialization, and thus its digital future.
  • Appropriate data policies must ensure that the required data is actually available to Indian digital businesses.

UPSC 2022 countdown has begun! Get your personal guidance plan now! (Click here)

Categories
Announcements

Beyond the Basics: How to Write Above-Average Answers for GS4 Ethics?|| Free Webinar By 140 scorer Sukanya Rana Ma’am || Limited Seats Only, Reserve Your Spot Now

Every aspirant studies the same standard book for Ethics and gets the same time during exam. And yet, only a few score above 110+ while others don’t. Why? 

Answer writing for GS4 Ethics is not an inborn talent, it is a skill you can master with the right approach and guidance.

Join Sukanya Rana Ma’am as she takes you through the advanced nuances of GS4 Ethics and solves a few case studies in the free webinar on 10 November (Wednesday)

Why Should you Attend this Webinar?

Every time and every year almost 90% of the GS4 questions come from topics covered in standard books. This is unlike your GS2 and GS3 papers. Hence, it has the least syllabus out of all the papers. The challenges faced by most aspirants in Ethics is not syllabus coverage.

But writing what is covered in the standard books alone won’t fetch you extra marks. Do you think most of your time is spent understanding the case study than framing an answer for it? Do you want ready-made answers in your mind and write as you go?

Then this free webinar is the for you! Advance your possibility of success by learning from Sukanya Rana Ma’am who scored 140 in 2019 Ethics paper.

What will you Learn in this Webinar?

1. Five years paper analysis of Ethics. What are the trends you shouldn’t miss?

2. Get an extra edge in your answers. How to have an analytical approach in your answers?

3. The 3 common types of questions asked in the exam. What are they?

4. The trickier aspects of the exam. How to answer quote based questions?

5. Time-management techniques for GS4 Ethics. How not to compromise quality in your answers?

Webinar Details

All aspirants are welcome to interact with Sukanya Ma’am and clear their doubts in the Q&A session. This webinar is absolutely free and only requires prior registration.

Date: 10 November (Wednesday)

Time: 3 P.M

About Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Sukanya ma’am has the experience of 4 mains and 2 interviews in UPSC. She has also appeared in the State PCS interview. Before being a mentor at Civilsdaily, she worked as an officer in a public sector bank. Sukanya Rana Ma’am is passionate about guiding future officers in finding success.

As an aspirant, she consistently scored 100+ marks in Ethics paper. Notably, in 2019 her marks were 140 in GS 4. Under her mentorship, many Smash Mains 2020 students were able to secure 110+ marks.

Categories
Daily AWE

8th November 2021| Daily Answer Writing Enhancement(AWE)

Topics for Today’s questions:

GS-1    The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

GS-2    Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.

GS-3    Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.

GS-4    Attitude: Content, Structure, Function; its Influence and Relation with Thought and Behaviour; Moral and Political Attitudes; Social Influence and Persuasion.

Questions:

Question 1)

 

Q.1 Many voices had strengthened and enriched the nationalist movement during the Gandhian Phase. Elaborate. (15 Marks)

 

Question 2)

Q.2 The real choice for the world is not just navigating between China and the United States. It is fundamentally between an orientation that is committed to global problem-solving rather than just preserving national supremacy. Comment. (10 Marks)

Question 3)

Q.3 Assess the suitability of the current laws in India to deal with the challenge of climate change? Do you agree with the view that India needs a climate law? (10 Marks)

Question 4)  

Q.4 Our attitudes towards life, work, other people and society are generally shaped unconsciously by the family and the social surroundings in which we grow up. Some of these unconsciously acquired attitudes and values are often undesirable in the citizens of a modern democratic and egalitarian society. (a) Discuss such undesirable values prevalent in today’s educated Indians. (b) How can such undesirable attitudes be changed and socio-ethical values considered necessary in public services be cultivated in the aspiring and serving civil servants? (10 Marks)

 

HOW TO ATTEMPT ANSWERS IN DAILY ANSWER WRITING ENHANCEMENT(AWE)?

  1. Daily 4 questions from General studies 1, 2, 3, and 4 will be provided to you.

  2. A Mentor’s Comment will be available for all answers. This can be used as a guidance tool but we encourage you to write original answers.

  3. You can write your answer on an A4 sheet and scan/click pictures of the same.

  4.  Upload the scanned answer in the comment section of the same question.

  5. Along with the scanned answer, please share your Razor payment ID, so that paid members are given priority.

  6. If you upload the answer on the same day like the answer of 11th  October is uploaded on 11th October then your answer will be checked within 72 hours. Also, reviews will be in the order of submission- First come first serve basis

  7. If you are writing answers late, for example, 11th October is uploaded on 13th October, then these answers will be evaluated as per the mentor’s schedule.

  8. We encourage you to write answers on the same day. However, if you are uploading an answer late then tag the mentor like @Staff so that the mentor is notified about your answer.

*In case your answer is not reviewed, reply to your answer saying *NOT CHECKED*. 

For the philosophy of AWE and payment: 

Categories
Announcements

Beyond the Basics: How to Write Above-Average Answers for GS4 Ethics?|| Free Webinar By 140 scorer Sukanya Rana Ma’am || Limited Seats Only, Reserve Your Spot Now

Every aspirant studies the same standard book for Ethics and gets the same time during exam. And yet, only a few score above 110+ while others don’t. Why? 

Answer writing for GS4 Ethics is not an inborn talent, it is a skill you can master with the right approach and guidance.

Join Sukanya Rana Ma’am as she takes you through the advanced nuances of GS4 Ethics and solves a few case studies in the free webinar on 10 November (Wednesday)

Why Should you Attend this Webinar?

Every time and every year almost 90% of the GS4 questions come from topics covered in standard books. This is unlike your GS2 and GS3 papers. Hence, it has the least syllabus out of all the papers. The challenges faced by most aspirants in Ethics is not syllabus coverage.

But writing what is covered in the standard books alone won’t fetch you extra marks. Do you think most of your time is spent understanding the case study than framing an answer for it? Do you want ready-made answers in your mind and write as you go?

Then this free webinar is the for you! Advance your possibility of success by learning from Sukanya Rana Ma’am who scored 140 in 2019 Ethics paper.

What will you Learn in this Webinar?

1. Five years paper analysis of Ethics. What are the trends you shouldn’t miss?

2. Get an extra edge in your answers. How to have an analytical approach in your answers?

3. The 3 common types of questions asked in the exam. What are they?

4. The trickier aspects of the exam. How to answer quote based questions?

5. Time-management techniques for GS4 Ethics. How not to compromise quality in your answers?

Webinar Details

All aspirants are welcome to interact with Sukanya Ma’am and clear their doubts in the Q&A session. This webinar is absolutely free and only requires prior registration.

Date: 10 November (Wednesday)

Time: 3 P.M

About Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Sukanya ma’am has the experience of 4 mains and 2 interviews in UPSC. She has also appeared in the State PCS interview. Before being a mentor at Civilsdaily, she worked as an officer in a public sector bank. Sukanya Rana Ma’am is passionate about guiding future officers in finding success.

As an aspirant, she consistently scored 100+ marks in Ethics paper. Notably, in 2019 her marks were 140 in GS 4. Under her mentorship, many Smash Mains 2020 students were able to secure 110+ marks.

Categories
Announcements

Beyond the Basics: How to Write Above-Average Answers for GS4 Ethics?|| Free Webinar By 140 scorer Sukanya Rana Ma’am || Limited Seats Only, Reserve Your Spot Now

Every aspirant studies the same standard book for Ethics and gets the same time during exam. And yet, only a few score above 110+ while others don’t. Why? 

Answer writing for GS4 Ethics is not an inborn talent, it is a skill you can master with the right approach and guidance.

Join Sukanya Rana Ma’am as she takes you through the advanced nuances of GS4 Ethics and solves a few case studies in the free webinar on 10 November (Wednesday)

Why Should you Attend this Webinar?

Every time and every year almost 90% of the GS4 questions come from topics covered in standard books. This is unlike your GS2 and GS3 papers. Hence, it has the least syllabus out of all the papers. The challenges faced by most aspirants in Ethics is not syllabus coverage.

But writing what is covered in the standard books alone won’t fetch you extra marks. Do you think most of your time is spent understanding the case study than framing an answer for it? Do you want ready-made answers in your mind and write as you go?

Then this free webinar is the for you! Advance your possibility of success by learning from Sukanya Rana Ma’am who scored 140 in 2019 Ethics paper.

What will you Learn in this Webinar?

1. Five years paper analysis of Ethics. What are the trends you shouldn’t miss?

2. Get an extra edge in your answers. How to have an analytical approach in your answers?

3. The 3 common types of questions asked in the exam. What are they?

4. The trickier aspects of the exam. How to answer quote based questions?

5. Time-management techniques for GS4 Ethics. How not to compromise quality in your answers?

Webinar Details

All aspirants are welcome to interact with Sukanya Ma’am and clear their doubts in the Q&A session. This webinar is absolutely free and only requires prior registration.

Date: 10 November (Wednesday)

Time: 3 P.M

About Sukanya Rana Ma’am

Sukanya ma’am has the experience of 4 mains and 2 interviews in UPSC. She has also appeared in the State PCS interview. Before being a mentor at Civilsdaily, she worked as an officer in a public sector bank. Sukanya Rana Ma’am is passionate about guiding future officers in finding success.

As an aspirant, she consistently scored 100+ marks in Ethics paper. Notably, in 2019 her marks were 140 in GS 4. Under her mentorship, many Smash Mains 2020 students were able to secure 110+ marks.

Categories
Announcements

Register & Join the Live Webinar Now || Meeting Link Inside || 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing for Mains|| Free Webinar By Sajal Sir

Best Practices of Answer Writing for Mains || Free Webinar By Sajal Sir || on YouTube & Zoom

Date: Nov 7, 2021

Time: 03:00 p.m onwards (start joining at 02:45 p.m.)

YouTube link for Webinar: https://youtu.be/b_KUYPgrHJI


Zoom Details for Q & A Session Immediately following the Webinar (Check the YouTube link above): https://zoom.us/j/98625802002?pwd=dmpGZFpOMUtUTDVGeEo0WGZIdjQvdz09
Meeting ID: 986 2580 2002

Passcode: 629173

Now that UPSC CSE prelims results are out, you would have started answer writing practice for mains. Keep in mind that answering for mains is not like answering your university papers. Over here, examiners expect pointers, examples, flowcharts, mind maps, diagrams than long paragraphs. Given the time and word limit, it’s better not to beat around the bush while answering.

Open to All, Free Webinar on 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing

Sajal sir will share his experiences of scoring 120+ in all the UPSC 2017 GS papers through a webinar. This webinar about the new age formula to ace UPSC Mains is absolutely free for all to attend.

For a better understanding on the format of the webinar, here’s Sajal sir’s explanation on how to approach a sample question.

It is commented that Electoral bonds instead of cleansing India’s electoral system distort India’s democracy. Do you agree? Critically analyse.

Sajal Sir Suggests: Understand the key demand of the question. Don’t get swayed by only seeing the theme of the question. Question is not about electoral bonds only. Many aspirants write everything they know about electoral bonds. You need to first mention how it will cleanse India’s electoral system. After that, link it with democracy. How it violates key features of democracy like transparency, accountability and level playing field. Writing only Pros and Cons will not fetch you marks. 

Why you should Attend Sajal Sir’s Webinar?

Do you know that toppers use certain techniques of answer-writing to score higher marks? Are you aware of the PESTLE approach or the 7-5-3 technique of answer writing? If not, then its time you attended this webinar

Sajal sir in the past 7 years has mentored over 400 students who went onto become UPSC toppers. Apart from this, his course SMASH Mains 2020 had a turnover of 80% interview recommended candidates.

This is how the UPSC Toppers scored in test series before Sajal sir’s intervention —

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta(AIR-42)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay-(AIR-65)- Answers Before Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

They had tried everything but were not able to score high in the exams. From their approach to answering to the body of answers, they faced problems. They faced problems with things like putting proper headings, how to frame dimensions, introductions, conclusions, etc. They never even got the right feedback which could have helped them!

And this is how they improved after learning the best answer writing practices from him

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta (AIR-42)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay (AIR -65) – Answers After Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers After Feedback From CD

If you wish to learn and unlearn certain reading and writing habits, attending this webinar is the first step in the right direction.

What will you learn in this webinar?

Fundamental mistakes in answer writing that can be avoided?

How to understand the meaning behind a complex indirect question?

How to use the PESTLE approach to answer certain type of questions?

How to extract information read into Pros and Cons?

How to finish an answer in seven minutes?

How to think and write an answer simultaneously?

How to write an innovative answer which can get you an extra 1 mark?

Few thumb rules of answer writing with examples.

Towards the end of the session, Sajal sir will hold a Q&A session for all aspirants to share their doubts and get answers from him.

Why UPSC toppers are convinced about Sajal Sir’s Mentorship?

Read other answers over here.

Webinar Details

Anyone who is going to attend UPSC mains now or 2022 UPSC Aspirants, will gain valuable insights from this webinar. Register now for an invite. And, keep the date saved in your calendars!

Date: 7 November 2021

Time: 3 P.M

Categories
Announcements

Registrations Closing in 1 Hour, Limited Seats || 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing for Mains|| Free Webinar By Sajal Sir|| 2017 GS Topper and mentor of 400 UPSC Toppers

Now that UPSC CSE prelims results are out, you would have started answer writing practice for mains. Keep in mind that answering for mains is not like answering your university papers. Over here, examiners expect pointers, examples, flowcharts, mind maps, diagrams than long paragraphs. Given the time and word limit, it’s better not to beat around the bush while answering.

Open to All, Free Webinar on 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing

Sajal sir will share his experiences of scoring 120+ in all the UPSC 2017 GS papers through a webinar. This webinar about the new age formula to ace UPSC Mains is absolutely free for all to attend.

For a better understanding on the format of the webinar, here’s Sajal sir’s explanation on how to approach a sample question.

It is commented that Electoral bonds instead of cleansing India’s electoral system distort India’s democracy. Do you agree? Critically analyse.

Sajal Sir Suggests: Understand the key demand of the question. Don’t get swayed by only seeing the theme of the question. Question is not about electoral bonds only. Many aspirants write everything they know about electoral bonds. You need to first mention how it will cleanse India’s electoral system. After that, link it with democracy. How it violates key features of democracy like transparency, accountability and level playing field. Writing only Pros and Cons will not fetch you marks. 

Why you should Attend Sajal Sir’s Webinar?

Do you know that toppers use certain techniques of answer-writing to score higher marks? Are you aware of the PESTLE approach or the 7-5-3 technique of answer writing? If not, then its time you attended this webinar

Sajal sir in the past 7 years has mentored over 400 students who went onto become UPSC toppers. Apart from this, his course SMASH Mains 2020 had a turnover of 80% interview recommended candidates.

This is how the UPSC Toppers scored in test series before Sajal sir’s intervention —

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta(AIR-42)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay-(AIR-65)- Answers Before Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

They had tried everything but were not able to score high in the exams. From their approach to answering to the body of answers, they faced problems. They faced problems with things like putting proper headings, how to frame dimensions, introductions, conclusions, etc. They never even got the right feedback which could have helped them!

And this is how they improved after learning the best answer writing practices from him

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta (AIR-42)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay (AIR -65) – Answers After Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers After Feedback From CD

If you wish to learn and unlearn certain reading and writing habits, attending this webinar is the first step in the right direction.

What will you learn in this webinar?

Fundamental mistakes in answer writing that can be avoided?

How to understand the meaning behind a complex indirect question?

How to use the PESTLE approach to answer certain type of questions?

How to extract information read into Pros and Cons?

How to finish an answer in seven minutes?

How to think and write an answer simultaneously?

How to write an innovative answer which can get you an extra 1 mark?

Few thumb rules of answer writing with examples.

Towards the end of the session, Sajal sir will hold a Q&A session for all aspirants to share their doubts and get answers from him.

Why UPSC toppers are convinced about Sajal Sir’s Mentorship?

Read other answers over here.

Webinar Details

Anyone who is going to attend UPSC mains now or 2022 UPSC Aspirants, will gain valuable insights from this webinar. Register now for an invite. And, keep the date saved in your calendars!

Date: 7 November 2021

Time: 3 P.M

Categories
Announcements

Last Few Hours Left for Registration || Today @ 3 PM || 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing for Mains|| Free Webinar By Sajal Sir|| 2017 GS Topper and mentor of 400 UPSC Toppers

Now that UPSC CSE prelims results are out, you would have started answer writing practice for mains. Keep in mind that answering for mains is not like answering your university papers. Over here, examiners expect pointers, examples, flowcharts, mind maps, diagrams than long paragraphs. Given the time and word limit, it’s better not to beat around the bush while answering.

Open to All, Free Webinar on 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing

Sajal sir will share his experiences of scoring 120+ in all the UPSC 2017 GS papers through a webinar. This webinar about the new age formula to ace UPSC Mains is absolutely free for all to attend.

For a better understanding on the format of the webinar, here’s Sajal sir’s explanation on how to approach a sample question.

It is commented that Electoral bonds instead of cleansing India’s electoral system distort India’s democracy. Do you agree? Critically analyse.

Sajal Sir Suggests: Understand the key demand of the question. Don’t get swayed by only seeing the theme of the question. Question is not about electoral bonds only. Many aspirants write everything they know about electoral bonds. You need to first mention how it will cleanse India’s electoral system. After that, link it with democracy. How it violates key features of democracy like transparency, accountability and level playing field. Writing only Pros and Cons will not fetch you marks. 

Why you should Attend Sajal Sir’s Webinar?

Do you know that toppers use certain techniques of answer-writing to score higher marks? Are you aware of the PESTLE approach or the 7-5-3 technique of answer writing? If not, then its time you attended this webinar

Sajal sir in the past 7 years has mentored over 400 students who went onto become UPSC toppers. Apart from this, his course SMASH Mains 2020 had a turnover of 80% interview recommended candidates.

This is how the UPSC Toppers scored in test series before Sajal sir’s intervention —

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta(AIR-42)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay-(AIR-65)- Answers Before Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

They had tried everything but were not able to score high in the exams. From their approach to answering to the body of answers, they faced problems. They faced problems with things like putting proper headings, how to frame dimensions, introductions, conclusions, etc. They never even got the right feedback which could have helped them!

And this is how they improved after learning the best answer writing practices from him

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta (AIR-42)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay (AIR -65) – Answers After Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers After Feedback From CD

If you wish to learn and unlearn certain reading and writing habits, attending this webinar is the first step in the right direction.

What will you learn in this webinar?

Fundamental mistakes in answer writing that can be avoided?

How to understand the meaning behind a complex indirect question?

How to use the PESTLE approach to answer certain type of questions?

How to extract information read into Pros and Cons?

How to finish an answer in seven minutes?

How to think and write an answer simultaneously?

How to write an innovative answer which can get you an extra 1 mark?

Few thumb rules of answer writing with examples.

Towards the end of the session, Sajal sir will hold a Q&A session for all aspirants to share their doubts and get answers from him.

Why UPSC toppers are convinced about Sajal Sir’s Mentorship?

Read other answers over here.

Webinar Details

Anyone who is going to attend UPSC mains now or 2022 UPSC Aspirants, will gain valuable insights from this webinar. Register now for an invite. And, keep the date saved in your calendars!

Date: 7 November 2021

Time: 3 P.M

Categories
Announcements

Only Few Slots Left|| 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing for Mains|| Free Webinar By Sajal Sir|| 2017 GS Topper and mentor of 400 UPSC Toppers|| Register Now

Now that UPSC CSE prelims results are out, you would have started answer writing practice for mains. Keep in mind that answering for mains is not like answering your university papers. Over here, examiners expect pointers, examples, flowcharts, mind maps, diagrams than long paragraphs. Given the time and word limit, it’s better not to beat around the bush while answering.

Open to All, Free Webinar on 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing

Sajal sir will share his experiences of scoring 120+ in all the UPSC 2017 GS papers through a webinar. This webinar about the new age formula to ace UPSC Mains is absolutely free for all to attend.

For a better understanding on the format of the webinar, here’s Sajal sir’s explanation on how to approach a sample question.

It is commented that Electoral bonds instead of cleansing India’s electoral system distort India’s democracy. Do you agree? Critically analyse.

Sajal Sir Suggests: Understand the key demand of the question. Don’t get swayed by only seeing the theme of the question. Question is not about electoral bonds only. Many aspirants write everything they know about electoral bonds. You need to first mention how it will cleanse India’s electoral system. After that, link it with democracy. How it violates key features of democracy like transparency, accountability and level playing field. Writing only Pros and Cons will not fetch you marks. 

Why you should Attend Sajal Sir’s Webinar?

Do you know that toppers use certain techniques of answer-writing to score higher marks? Are you aware of the PESTLE approach or the 7-5-3 technique of answer writing? If not, then its time you attended this webinar

Sajal sir in the past 7 years has mentored over 400 students who went onto become UPSC toppers. Apart from this, his course SMASH Mains 2020 had a turnover of 80% interview recommended candidates.

This is how the UPSC Toppers scored in test series before Sajal sir’s intervention —

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta(AIR-42)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay-(AIR-65)- Answers Before Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

They had tried everything but were not able to score high in the exams. From their approach to answering to the body of answers, they faced problems. They faced problems with things like putting proper headings, how to frame dimensions, introductions, conclusions, etc. They never even got the right feedback which could have helped them!

And this is how they improved after learning the best answer writing practices from him

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta (AIR-42)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay (AIR -65) – Answers After Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers After Feedback From CD

If you wish to learn and unlearn certain reading and writing habits, attending this webinar is the first step in the right direction.

What will you learn in this webinar?

Fundamental mistakes in answer writing that can be avoided?

How to understand the meaning behind a complex indirect question?

How to use the PESTLE approach to answer certain type of questions?

How to extract information read into Pros and Cons?

How to finish an answer in seven minutes?

How to think and write an answer simultaneously?

How to write an innovative answer which can get you an extra 1 mark?

Few thumb rules of answer writing with examples.

Towards the end of the session, Sajal sir will hold a Q&A session for all aspirants to share their doubts and get answers from him.

Why UPSC toppers are convinced about Sajal Sir’s Mentorship?

Read other answers over here.

Webinar Details

Anyone who is going to attend UPSC mains now or 2022 UPSC Aspirants, will gain valuable insights from this webinar. Register now for an invite. And, keep the date saved in your calendars!

Date: 7 November 2021

Time: 3 P.M

Categories
Announcements

Only Few Slots Left|| 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing for Mains|| Free Webinar By Sajal Sir|| 2017 GS Topper and mentor of 400 UPSC Toppers|| Register Now

Now that UPSC CSE prelims results are out, you would have started answer writing practice for mains. Keep in mind that answering for mains is not like answering your university papers. Over here, examiners expect pointers, examples, flowcharts, mind maps, diagrams than long paragraphs. Given the time and word limit, it’s better not to beat around the bush while answering.

Open to All, Free Webinar on 20 Best Practices of Answer Writing

Sajal sir will share his experiences of scoring 120+ in all the UPSC 2017 GS papers through a webinar. This webinar about the new age formula to ace UPSC Mains is absolutely free for all to attend.

For a better understanding on the format of the webinar, here’s Sajal sir’s explanation on how to approach a sample question.

It is commented that Electoral bonds instead of cleansing India’s electoral system distort India’s democracy. Do you agree? Critically analyse.

Sajal Sir Suggests: Understand the key demand of the question. Don’t get swayed by only seeing the theme of the question. Question is not about electoral bonds only. Many aspirants write everything they know about electoral bonds. You need to first mention how it will cleanse India’s electoral system. After that, link it with democracy. How it violates key features of democracy like transparency, accountability and level playing field. Writing only Pros and Cons will not fetch you marks. 

Why you should Attend Sajal Sir’s Webinar?

Do you know that toppers use certain techniques of answer-writing to score higher marks? Are you aware of the PESTLE approach or the 7-5-3 technique of answer writing? If not, then its time you attended this webinar

Sajal sir in the past 7 years has mentored over 400 students who went onto become UPSC toppers. Apart from this, his course SMASH Mains 2020 had a turnover of 80% interview recommended candidates.

This is how the UPSC Toppers scored in test series before Sajal sir’s intervention —

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta(AIR-42)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay-(AIR-65)- Answers Before Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers Before Feedback From CD

They had tried everything but were not able to score high in the exams. From their approach to answering to the body of answers, they faced problems. They faced problems with things like putting proper headings, how to frame dimensions, introductions, conclusions, etc. They never even got the right feedback which could have helped them!

And this is how they improved after learning the best answer writing practices from him

Karishma-Nair(AIR-14)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pooja-Gupta (AIR-42)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Pranav-Vijay (AIR -65) – Answers After Feedback From CD

Lakshay-Kumar-(AIR -132)-Answers After Feedback From CD

Ponmani-Nehru(AIR-148)-Answers After Feedback From CD

If you wish to learn and unlearn certain reading and writing habits, attending this webinar is the first step in the right direction.

What will you learn in this webinar?

Fundamental mistakes in answer writing that can be avoided?

How to understand the meaning behind a complex indirect question?

How to use the PESTLE approach to answer certain type of questions?

How to extract information read into Pros and Cons?

How to finish an answer in seven minutes?

How to think and write an answer simultaneously?

How to write an innovative answer which can get you an extra 1 mark?

Few thumb rules of answer writing with examples.

Towards the end of the session, Sajal sir will hold a Q&A session for all aspirants to share their doubts and get answers from him.

Why UPSC toppers are convinced about Sajal Sir’s Mentorship?

Read other answers over here.

Webinar Details

Anyone who is going to attend UPSC mains now or 2022 UPSC Aspirants, will gain valuable insights from this webinar. Register now for an invite. And, keep the date saved in your calendars!

Date: 7 November 2021

Time: 3 P.M

Categories
Burning Issues

[Burning Issue] Institutionalization of police brutality

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The institutionalization of police brutality, as an unofficial policy of the State, poses a serious challenge to every modern civilization. It doesn’t just raise obvious questions around respect for human rights and the rule of law but is also a serious threat to the survival of democracy in a state where the Constitution is supreme. This threat stares in our faces today.

While the debate around police reforms across the globe has slowly intensified, there is a lack of any meaningful discourse on the same in India. There is very little public outrage and, in many cases, strong public support for police misconduct. It is the failure of the citizenry to meaningfully engage with the State on critical and key issues that have led to such an unfortunate development. Let us critically analyses key issues with the help of several recent domestic developments.

Understanding police brutality

  • Cases of custodial deaths, extra-judicial killings, torture, and violence against protesters, are all illustrations of this form of brutality.
  • Methods of torture by the police include inhuman, degrading and barbaric practices that fall squarely within the description of third-degree torture.
  • These are not sporadic incidents of police brutality, but appear to be part of the police administration machinery and have been normalized to an alarming extent in society at large.

In complete defiance of the Constitution and the laws

  • Extra-judicial killings by the police, for instance, are legally permitted and do not amount to a criminal offence in only three types of cases:
    1. when it is caused in the exercise of the right to private defense under Section 96 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).
    2. when it is caused under Section 100 (when the right of private defense of the body extends to causing death) or Exception 3 of Section 300 of the IPC (when the public servant exceeds his power for the advancement of justice).
    3. if it is necessary to exert force against the accused to arrest him for a crime punishable with death or imprisonment for life. This is mandated under Section 46 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC).
  • Constitutional provisions such as Article 21, which guarantees the right to life and personal liberty and Article 22 which grants every accused person the right to an advocate stand violated in cases of fake police encounters.

A collective failure

  • The rise in police brutality in India is due to the failure of three key stakeholders:
    1. the Parliament and the Executive (that is, the political component of the State),
    2. the Judiciary, and
    3. the citizenry
  • The failure of the parliament to decolonize statutes, remove unreasonable immunity granted to police officers under the laws and create foolproof legislations after due consultation from every stakeholder, is evident.
  • The failure of the executive to control and discipline the police force is equally obvious. Accountability for law enforcement misconduct is flawed, and has huge structural problems.
  • The judiciary has also failed in the sense that its judgments are given little importance and are virtually not implemented for all practical purposes by police officers on the ground.
    • For instance, in its landmark judgment in the case of Prakash Singh & Ors. vs. Union of India (2006), the Supreme Court issued several directives for police reforms.
    • 15 years since that judgment was delivered, no state or Union territory has fully complied with its directives.
  • Failure of implementation of landmark judgments: Landmark judgments like this therefore end up becoming good pieces of jurisprudential literature and only have a symbolic value.
    • It makes no sense when landmark judgments that prohibits the police to commit acts of torture and violence and yet, there are large scale violations of those judgments that take place regularly.

A citizens’ failure

  • Failure of the citizenry is critical: The failure of the State is a consequence of the failure of the citizenry to meaningfully engage with it and raise questions that are vital for democratic survival.
  • The political system is merely a reflection of its masses: As a key stakeholder, citizens form the backbone of any democracy and act as counter-narrative to forces that promote democratic backsliding.
    • Their actions and nature of engagements define politics and policies of the State.
  • In the case of police brutality there are three issues that the citizens have failed to engage with the State on:
    1. the rise in majoritarian politics,
    2. increasing corruption, and
    3. the rise in predatory capitalism.

Rise in majoritarianism

  • India is a democracy and not a rule of the majority: While democracy functions with the belief that the majority will continue to change with changing issues, majoritarianism, on the other hand, is characterized by an organized majority.
    • Majoritarianism is forged by introducing factors (such as religion) that make the division between the majority and the minority more definite and permanent.
  • Use the police force as a tool for political mobilization: Majoritarianism has led to huge transformation in the Indian political ecosystem. It has inter alia given birth to populist leaders and their politics of appeasement.
    • It is because of this rise in the latter that we now see a new tendency of the State to use the police force as a tool for political mobilization.
    • It is happening in Uttar Pradesh where the state government highlights encounters as its achievements on a Republic Day. The trend in UP has now spilled over to states like Assam and other areas.
    • In the communal riots broke out during the anti-Citizenship (Amendment) Act protests and post the police attacks on the Jamia Milia Islamia University campus, almost 53 citizens lost their lives.
  • All of the above instances are examples of how a majoritarian state suppresses the minority in order to reinforce and perpetuate the division on which its politics survives. Such a suppression is in the form of police brutality.

Increasing corruption

  • Police force is by far, the most corrupt institution in India. There are two kinds of corruption within the police force in this country:
    • One is the monetary compensation that police officers receive from common citizens to deliver preferential treatment in matters of law enforcement.
    • Second is a specific kind of political corruption in the form of receiving personal gains, career advancements and such other kinds of favors from their political bosses in return for acting or not acting in a certain way.
  • A report by IndiaSpend states how 28% of police respondents mentioned that political pressure is the biggest hindrance in police investigations.
  • Public outrage against corruption in the police force has been rare and discourse over its relationship with police brutality rarer still. Corruption within the police force is directly proportional to police brutality.
  • It is purely an economic model – the ones who pay will get away and the ones who don’t will either be met with state sponsored violence or eventually faces the wrath of an extremely hostile administration.
    • This is primarily also because of the huge powers and discretion that the police enjoy under our laws.

Support for predatory capitalism

  • The police force in India was formed under the British Raj through the Indian Councils Act of 1861.
  • The idea for a special police force was inherited from the East India Company, which had introduced the ‘Cornwallis System’ or the ‘Daroga System’ in 1764.
  • The company had brought in the Cornwallis system only to strengthen its hold over the Indian population and to check any act of conspiracy or revolution against the company.
  • This is evidence of the fact that the origin of the police force itself was to protect the capitalists and their interests and not prevention of crime.
  • Capitalism itself has undergone massive transformation. From being once regarded as a tool to prosperity, it has now become a means to oppress the working class and further deepen divides and differences among people.
  • The gap between the rich and poor is at an all-time high. Human relationships and social interactions are increasingly shaped by economic considerations through a cost and benefit analysis.

The role of the state in perpetuating capitalism

  • In a State where there is increasing level of competition, cops do policing only to serve the interest of the capitalist class and protect the ‘rule of the capital’.
  • The role of the State under a capitalist system has also changed. It has today assumed the position of a facilitator rather than a regulator. This is primarily because of its financial dependence on businesses.
  • For predatory capitalism to succeed the working class will have to be necessarily silenced. That’s when the capitalists, with the help of bourgeois politicians, use the police to propagate violence against the working class in order to suppress their voices of dissent.

The state of police infrastructure and capitalism

  • The state of police infrastructure in the country is also evidence of how the police exist today to further the interests of the capitalists.
    • The unequal distribution and subsequent utilization of resources for police infrastructure in Delhi vis-à-vis rural Bihar shows how we treat those who are at the bottom of the pyramid versus those at the top.
  • This also shows that support for predatory capitalism and resentment against police brutality cannot go hand in hand and are rather contradictory.
    • One cannot protest against police brutality without protesting against predatory capitalism and its excesses.
  • This has not been seen in India. Public outrage has therefore been misplaced, and will need an overhaul to tackle the problem more effectively.

The Way Forward

  • Curbing Criminalization of Politics: The criminal nexus with politics will have to be broken and reforms must start with the political system. Thus, there is a need for laws which debars persons with serious criminal cases from entering the assemblies and the Parliament.
  • Revamping Criminal Justice System: There is a need to incorporate the Menon Committee and Malimath Committee recommendations for devising a national policy paper on the criminal justice system. Some of the key recommendations are as follows:
    • Creation of a fund to compensate victims who turn hostile from the pressure of culprits.
    • Setting up of separate authority at the national level to deal with crimes threatening the country security.
    • A complete revamp of the entire criminal procedure system.
  • Independent Complaints Authority: The Supreme Court has observed that there is a need to have an independent complaints authority to inquire into complaints of police misconduct.
  • The Model Police Act, 2006 requires each state to set up an authority comprising retired High Court Judges, civil society members, retired police officers and public administrators from another state.
  • Implementing the Supreme Court’s Directive: The Supreme Court’s directions in Prakash Singh case 2006 on police reforms must be implemented. The court laid out seven directives where considerable work in police reforms is still needed.

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