UN security council: ‘US supports India’s bid for permanent membership’

Reiterating support for India’s quest to enter the elite club, Power said, “Let me affirm that we support a reformed UN Security Council that includes India as a permanent member.”

  1. US Permanent Representative to UN, Samantha Power, expressed US government’s support for India’s bid to become a permanent member at a reformed UNSC.
  2. She favours increased consultations between peacekeeper troop-contributing countries and UNSC.
  3. UN is going to take a call on the renewal of the mandate of some of peacekeepers.
  4. US strongly advocates efforts to institute periodic assessment of troops deployment in peacekeeping missions.

Time for G4 leaders to assert themselves

  1. There is increasing hope among G4 members with the negotiations now moving to a text-based one, which will bring more clarity on the respective positions of countries.
  2. There are many opponents to the expansion of the UNSC, but the most vociferous of them are China and Pakistan.
  3. The G4 took shape in 2004 when leaders of all the 4 countries issued a joint statement, kicking off their campaign for U.N. reforms.
  4. Since 2008, the U.N.’s Inter-Governmental Negotiations have been negotiating text for U.N. reforms.

UNSC reforms: ‘Historic’, ‘pathbreaking’ for India

  1. India is a strong contender for a permanent UN seat if the Security Council gets expanded,one of the most significant reforms being discussed.
  2. 70th session of the UN General Assembly chose the path of text-based negotiations for carrying out Security Council reforms and, for this purpose, adopted a negotiating text by consensus.
  3. Security Council,the top decision-making body, which has 15 members including five permanent members – China, Russia, the US, the UK and France.
  4. US and Russia have been supporting India’s bid, China has been against any expansion of the Security Council.
  5. Once the draft is agreed upon by the UN member countries, it will be put to vote at the General Assembly, where a two-thirds vote is needed to pass it.

Why is it important to become a permanent member of Security council?

India bid for permanent seat suffers blow

  1. US, Russia, China oppose UNSC reform talks which could have set a dialogue in motion.
  2. US remains opposed to “any alteration or expansion of the veto”.
  3. India received support from France and the UK, the two remaining permanent members of Security Council.

‘Support our bid for a permanent UNSC seat’: India to China

India has 2 major expectations from China (among other things):

  1. Wants to become a member of the 44-nation NSG which controls the civil nuclear technology trade regime.
  2. Wants China to back its bid for a permanent seat in a reformed U.N. Security Council.

Obama endorses India for UNSC seat

  1. Five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  2. Ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly with term ending date: Angola (2016), Chad (2015), Chile (2015), Jordan (2015), Lithuania (2015), Malaysia (2016), New Zealand (2016), Nigeria (2015), Spain (2016), Venezuela (2016).

How imp. is it for India to join UNSC? Who is not in our favour?

:( We are working on most probable questions. Do check back this section.

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