AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

AYUSH Health-Wellness Centres

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : AYUSH Health-Wellness Centres

Mains level : Self-care practices and its benefits

What is the news: The Union Cabinet has approved the inclusion of AYUSH Health and Wellness Centre (AYUSH HWC) component of Ayushman Bharat in the National AYUSH Mission (NAM).

  • A total of 12,500 Ayush health and wellness centres throughout the country will be operationalised within a period of five years.
  • The implementation of the proposal will establish a holistic wellness model based on Ayush principles and practices focusing on preventive promotive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative healthcare by integration with the existing public health care system.

Why such a move?

  • The move is aimed at establishing a holistic wellness model based on AYUSH principles and practices focusing on preventive, promotive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative healthcare by integration with the existing public health care system.
  • The National Health Policy 2017 has advocated mainstreaming the potential of AYUSH systems (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sows-rigpa and Homoeopathy) within a pluralistic system of Integrative healthcare.
  • The vision of the proposal is to establish a holistic wellness model based on AYUSH principles and practices, to empower masses for ‘self care’ to reduce the disease burden and out of pocket expenditure and to provide informed choice of the needy public.

What is National AYUSH Mission (NAM)?

  • Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India has launched National AYUSH Mission (NAM) during 12th Plan for im­plementing through States/UTs.
  • The basic objective of NAM is to promote AYUSH medical systems through cost effective AYUSH services, strengthening of educational systems, facilitate the enforcement of quality control of ASU &H drugs and sustainable availability of ASU & H raw-materials.
  • It envisages flexibility of implementation of the programmes which will lead to substantial participation of the State Governments/UT.
  • The NAM contemplates establishment of a National Mission as well as corresponding Missions in the State level.

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

[pib] ICoSDiTAUS-2020

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : ICoSDiTAUS-2020

Mains level : NA

ICoSDiTAUS-2020 a two-day International Conference on Standardisation of Diagnosis and Terminologies in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha systems of Medicine was concluded in New Delhi.

ICoSDiTAUS-2020

  • The conference was jointly organized by the Ministry of AYUSH and the WHO at New Delhi
  • It adopted the “New Delhi Declaration on Collection and Classification of Traditional Medicine (TM) Diagnostic Data”.
  • The New Delhi declaration emphasised the commitment of the countries to Traditional Medicine (TM) as a significant area of health care.
  • It further sought the opportunity for including traditional systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) of WHO which is the standard diagnostic tool for health management across the world.

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

[pib] National Commission for Indian System of Medicines

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Highlights of the bill

Mains level : Medical administartion in India and its loopholes

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for proposal of Official Amendments in the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019 (NCIM) which is pending in the Rajya Sabha.

About the Commission

  • The main objective of establishing NCIM is to promote equity by ensuring adequate supply of quality medical professionals and enforce high ethical standards in all aspects of medical services in Indian System of Medicine.
  • The Commission will promote availability of affordable healthcare services in all parts of the country.
  • The Commission has been structured to streamline the functions related to academic standards, evaluation, assessment and accreditation of educational institutions pertaining to Indian System of Medicine.

Composition

  • The NCISM will consist of 29 members, appointed by the central government.
  • A Search Committee will recommend names to the central government for the post of Chairperson, part time members, and presidents of the four autonomous boards set up under the NCISM.
  • These posts will have a maximum term of four years.
  • The Search Committee will consist of five members including the Cabinet Secretary and three experts nominated by the central government (of which two should have experience in any of the fields of Indian System of Medicine).

Functions

Functions of the NCISM include:

  • framing policies for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals of Indian System of Medicine,
  • assessing the requirements of healthcare related human resources and infrastructure,
  • ensuring compliance by the State Medical Councils of Indian System of Medicine of the regulations made under the Bill, and
  • ensuring coordination among the autonomous boards set up under the Bill.

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

[pib] National Institute of Sowa Rigpa (NISR)

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Sowa Rigpa

Mains level : AYUSH

The Union Cabinet has approved the establishment of the National Institute for Sowa-Rigpa in Leh.

Sowa-Rigpa

  • “Sowa-Rigpa” commonly known as Tibetan system of medicine is one of the oldest, Living and well documented medical tradition of the world.
  • It has been originated from Tibet and popularly practised in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia and Russia.
  • In India, this system is widely practised in Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Darjeeling (West Bengal), Dharamsala, Lahaul and Spiti(Himachal Pradesh) and Ladakh region of Jammu & Kashmir.

Similarities with Ayurveda

  • The majority of theory and practice of Sowa-Rigpa is similar to “Ayurveda” .
  • The first Ayurvedic influence came to Tibet during 3rd century AD but it became popular only after 7th centuries with the approach of Buddhism to Tibet.
  • Thereafter this trend of exportation of Indian medical literature, along with Buddhism and other Indian art and sciences were continued till early 19th century.

Major books

  • rGyud-bZhi (four tantra) the fundamental text book of this medicine was composed by Yuthog Yonten Gonpo who is believed to be the father of Sowa Rigpa.
  • The book is based on indigenous medicine of Tibet enriched with Ayurveda, Chinese and Greek Medicine.

About the Institute

  • The setting up of the National Institute of Sowa-Rigpa would provide an impetus for the revival of Sowa-Rigpa in the Indian Sub-continent.
  • The Institute will also provide opportunities for students of Sowa-Rigpa not only in India but also from other countries.
  • The Institute will be an autonomous National Institute under Ministry of AYUSH with the mandate to undertake interdisciplinary education and research programmes in Sowa-Rigpa.
  • The National Institute of Sowa Rigpa would identify the best treatment – including their standard procedures-within the framework of traditional principle and possible co-relation with bio-molecular western medicine in providing health care facilities to the general public.

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

[pib] e-AUSHADHI Portal

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health etc.

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: e-Aushadhi Portal

Mains level: Need of promoting AYUSH system of medicines


News

e-AUSHADHI Portal

  • Ministry of AYUSH has launched the e-AUSHADHI portal, for online licensing of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs.
  • The portal is intended for increased transparency, improved information management facility, improved data usability and increased accountability. T
  • In this direction, this new e-portal is an acronym for Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy Automated Drug Help Initiative. He further added that
  • This portal will aid the licensing authority, manufactures and consumers.
  • It will also provide real time information of the licensed manufactures and their products, cancelled and spurious drugs, contact details of the concerned authority for specific grievances.

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

Nilavembu Kudineer

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Nilavembu Kudineer

Mains level: Need of promoting AYUSH system of medicines


News

  • The Tamil Nadu government has distributed nilavembu kudineer (a Siddha medicine) concoction to treat people infected with dengue during the outbreak.

Nilavembu kudineer: Healing Dengue and chikungunya

  1. Under in vitro conditions, nilavembu kudineer (a Siddha medicine) was found to provide protection against chikungunya virus while it was effective as a treatment during acute phase of dengue infection.
  2. Dengue subtype-2, which is the most prevalent subtype in India, was used for testing the formulation.
  3. There was significant antiviral activity of the formulation at 3% of human dose onwards.
  4. Currently, there is no treatment for dengue and chikungunya.
  5. The mode of action is antiviral in the case of dengue while immuno-modulatory in chikungunya infection.

About Sidhha Medicines

  1. Siddha medicine is a system of traditional medicine originating in ancient Tamilakam (Tamil Nadu) in South India and Sri Lanka.
  2. Traditionally, it is taught that the siddhars laid the foundation for this system of medication.
  3. Siddhars were spiritual adepts who possessed the ashta siddhis, or the eight supernatural powers.
  4. Agastyar is considered the first siddha and the guru of all siddhars; the siddha system is believed to have been handed over to him by Shiva.
  5. Siddha is focused on “Ashtamahasiddhi,” the eight supernatural power. Those who attained or achieved these powers are known as Siddhars.
  6. There were 18 important Siddhars in olden days and they developed this system of medicine.
  7. The Siddhars wrote their knowledge in palm leaf manuscripts, fragments of which were found in parts of South India.

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

[pib] Ayurveda Day celebrated throughout the Country on 5th November

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Ayurveda Day, A-HMIS

Mains level: Need of promoting AYUSH system of medicines


Ayurveda day 

  1. Ministry of AYUSH observes Ayurveda Day every year on Dhanawantari Jayanti (Dhanteras)
  2. This year Ayurveda Day was observed on 5th November 2018
  3. On this occasion, Ministry also organised a “National Seminar on Entrepreneurship and Business Development in Ayurveda” in association with NITI Aayog
  4. The seminar is expected to develop awareness among stakeholders about the business opportunities, encouraging young entrepreneurs to use of modern technologies and modern innovations in business development in the sector and to highlight opportunities at a global level

AYUSH-Health Management Information System (A-HMIS)

  1. It is a dedicated software application for Electronic Health Record (EHR) for the AYUSH systems of Healthcare
  2. A-HIMS was launched across 15 AYUSH units in different parts of the country in the first phase on 5th November 2018
  3. It is expected to revolutionise the way Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy are practised in the country, by inducting modern IT-solutions into these systems

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

[pib] New Central Sector scheme for promoting Pharmacovigilance of AYUSH Drugs

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the Scheme

Mains level: Read the attached story.


News

Scheme for Pharmacovigilance of ASU&H drugs

  1. Ministry of AYUSH has introduced new Central Sector scheme for promoting pharmacovigilance of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy (ASU&H) Drugs.
  2. Prime objective of the scheme is to develop the culture of documenting adverse effects and undertake safety monitoring of ASUH drugs and surveillance of misleading advertisements appearing in the print and electronic media.
  3. The scheme intends to facilitate the establishment of three-tier network of National Pharmacovigilance Centre (NPvCC), Intermediary Pharmacovigilance Centres (IPvCCs) and Peripheral Pharmacovigilance Centres (PPvCC).
  4. All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, an autonomous body under the Ministry of AYUSH, has been designated as National Pharmacovigilance Centre for coordinating various activities of the initiative.

Implementation of Scheme

  1. In the initial phase of implementation, five National Institutes of AYUSH are designated as the Intermediary Pharmacovigilance Centres.
  2. Another forty two institutions of AYUSH having clinical facilities are designated as Peripheral Pharmacovigilance Centres
  3. These will take up the work of reporting, documentation, analysis, causality assessment of the adverse reactions and events associated with the consumption of ASUH drugs.
  4. It is intended to have more such centres across the country and achieve the target of 100 peripheral Pharmacovigilance centres by 2020.
  5. Representatives of Central Drug Standards Control Organisation as the national drug regulatory authority and the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission being the WHO Collaborating Centre for Pharmacovigilance in the country are associated in the initiative as mentor and guide.

Why such scheme needed?

  1. The quality issues and safety concerns of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy Drugs have been raised from various sources.
  2. The Ministry felt it necessary in the interest of Public Health to oversee the impact of ASU&H Drugs consumed by the people from the perspective of their safety profile.
  3. Similarly, publicizing improper drug information in the form advertisements is a matter of concern that needs to be addressed to safeguard the interest of AYUSH drug consumers.
  4. Pharmacovigilance initiative will facilitate detection of potentially unsafe ASU&H medicines and misleading advertisements for taking regulatory action against them.

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

[pib] Special AYUSH Clinics for the Elderly

Note4students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: NAM

Mains level: Govt measures to ensure healthcare facilities for the elderly population


News

  1. The Government provides optimum services to the elderly under AYUSH system of medicines.
  2. As Health is a State subject, the opening of a special clinic for elder persons in villages comes under the purview of the respective State/UT Government.
  3. Under Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM), there is a provision of financial assistance to the States/UTs for setting up of up to 50-bedded integrated AYUSH Hospitals and for the establishment of AYUSH facility in Primary Health Centres (PHCs).

Geriatric Care under National AYUSH Mission (NAM)

  1. Under NAM there is a provision of the supply of essential drugs to the AYUSH hospitals and dispensaries through which the public including elderly persons can avail free services.
  2. In addition, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), an autonomous organization under Ministry of AYUSH is providing health services to the elderly persons through its 23 Clinical units (Special Geriatric Clinics) located throughout the country.
  3. Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, an autonomous organization under Ministry of AYUSH is providing health services to the elderly persons through its 23 research centres and 8 peripheral Out Patient Departments (OPDs) located throughout the country.
  4. Central Council for Research in Siddha (CCRS), an autonomous organization under Ministry of AYUSH is also providing Geriatric special Out-Patient services.
  5. Further, National Institute of Siddha (NIS), an autonomous organization under Ministry of AYUSH also conducts a special OPD for elderly persons where Geriatric patients are exempted from payment of Indoor-Patient Department (IPD) charges.

Back2Basics

National AYUSH Mission

  1. Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India has launched National AYUSH Mission (NAM) during 12th Plan for im­plementing through States/UTs.
  2. The basic objective of NAM is:
  • to promote AYUSH medical systems through cost-effective AYUSH services,
  • strengthening of educational systems,
  • facilitate the enforcement of quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani & Homoeopathy (ASU &H) drugs and sustainable availability of ASU & H raw-materials.
  1. It envisages flexibility of implementation of the programmes which will lead to a substantial participation of the State Governments/UT.
  2. The NAM contemplates the establishment of a National Mission as well as corresponding Missions in the State level.

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

Centre funding 16 yoga research projects

  1. News: The Department of Science and Technology has funded a wide range of research institutions to study the efficacy of yoga
  2. And also to see whether it has a role in alleviating stroke, type-2 diabetes, Parkinson’s and schizophrenia
  3. Institutions: Include the All India Institute of Medical Sciences and the Haridwar-based Patanjali Research Foundation
  4. SATYAM: An acronym for Science and Technology of Yoga and Medicine, has been conceived to develop good science around yoga and has nothing to do with religious beliefs

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

AYUSH drugs to get trial guidelines

  1. Context: To bring research on Ayurvedic drugs and formulations closer to practices in Western medicine
  2. Indian Council of Medical Research has released a set of guidelines in testing medicine from AYUSH schools
  3. The ICMR guidelines are not a precursor to a law though adherence to them is required by India’s drug regulator to grant permission for trials
  4. Sun Pharma is said to have entered into a deal to develop a herbal drug for dengue earlier this year.

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

50,000 yoga professionals to be certified in 3 years

  1. Commerce Ministry: Standards in services sectors will soon be made a critical component at the levels of the Union and the State governments with particular focus initially on yoga and healthcare
  2. Capacity building: Govt & Quality Council of India (QCI) are aiming to certify around 50,000 yoga professionals within the next three years for Level 1 and Level 2
  3. Accreditation: An incentive scheme would be conceptualised for accreditation of smaller hospitals
  4. Aim: To ensure that accreditation reaches all hospitals including smaller hospitals [tier 2, tier 3 levels]
  5. Earlier: The Ministry of AYUSH and QCI had announced a scheme for voluntary certification of yoga professionals in June 2015
  6. So far, a little over 10,000 yoga professionals have registered for it, out of which 300 have been granted the certification
  1. Commerce Ministry: Standards in services sectors will soon be made a critical component at the levels of the Union and the State governments with particular focus initially on yoga and healthcare
  2. Capacity building: Govt & Quality Council of India (QCI) are aiming to certify around 50,000 yoga professionals within the next three years for Level 1 and Level 2
  3. Accreditation: An incentive scheme would be conceptualised for accreditation of smaller hospitals
  4. Aim: To ensure that accreditation reaches all hospitals including smaller hospitals [tier 2, tier 3 levels]
  5. Earlier: The Ministry of AYUSH and QCI had announced a scheme for voluntary certification of yoga professionals in June 2015
  6. So far, a little over 10,000 yoga professionals have registered for it, out of which 300 have been granted the certification

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

AYUSH set to get international treatment

  1. Ministry of External Affairs will send out groups of AYUSH experts to help set up departments of AYUSH in the leading universities of the member countries of the UN
  2. In line with the new scheme, the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) and
  3. Indian missions abroad had reached out to foreign governments to host the AYUSH experts
  4. Aim: Imparting skills to the local population so that they can include AYUSH in their educational institutes and societies
  5. The initiative found quick response from Iraq, Colombia and Reunion Island, which will soon be hosting AYUSH experts
  1. Ministry of External Affairs will send out groups of AYUSH experts to help set up departments of AYUSH in the leading universities of the member countries of the UN
  2. In line with the new scheme, the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) and Indian missions abroad had reached out to foreign governments to host the AYUSH experts
  3. Aim: Imparting skills to the local population so that they can include AYUSH in their educational institutes and societies
  4. The initiative found quick response from Iraq, Colombia and Reunion Island, which will soon be hosting AYUSH experts

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

AYUSH Ministry rails against global study on homeopathy

  1. Context: NHMRC study on Homeopathy
  2. NMHRC: National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia’s top medical research organisation
  3. Finding: Homeopathy is no more effective than a placebo
  4. Ministry of AYUSH: Criticised the study for using an unscientific approach & methodological shortcomings
  5. Also, the findings are contrary to conclusions reached in India
  6. Effectiveness: NHMRC had not taken up any study on effectiveness of homeopathy
  7. NHMRC had studied a small number of already published papers and reached conclusions
  1. Context: NHMRC study on Homeopathy
  2. NMHRC: National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia’s top medical research organisation
  3. Finding: Homeopathy is no more effective than a placebo
  4. Ministry of AYUSH: Criticised the study for using an unscientific approach & methodological shortcomings
  5. Also, the findings are contrary to conclusions reached in India
  6. Effectiveness: NHMRC had not taken up any study on effectiveness of homeopathy
  7. NHMRC had studied a small number of already published papers and reached conclusions

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

Fixed-dose drug ban boosts hope for ayurveda

  1. Context: Govt.’s decision to ban many fixed-dose combination drugs
  2. News: The sudden clampdown on a number of popular drugs could give boost to traditional ayurveda sector, as there is strong market for ayurvedic products in India
  3. The Ayurvedic Drug Manufacturers’ Association is discussing their prospects to exploit this opportunity
  4. Challenge: The presence of large number of small and unorganised players whose yearly turnover is less than Rs 1 crore
  5. Statistics: The ayurvedic drug market in India is Rs 25,000 crore
  6. Small and unorganised manufacturers constitute almost 88% of the ayurvedic drug market in India
  1. Context: Govt.’s decision to ban many fixed-dose combination drugs
  2. News: The sudden clampdown on a number of popular drugs could give boost to traditional ayurveda sector, as there is strong market for ayurvedic products in India
  3. The Ayurvedic Drug Manufacturers’ Association is discussing their prospects to exploit this opportunity
  4. Challenge: The presence of large number of small and unorganised players whose yearly turnover is less than Rs 1 crore
  5. Statistics: The ayurvedic drug market in India is Rs 25,000 crore
  6. Small and unorganised manufacturers constitute almost 88% of the ayurvedic drug market in India

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

Structured Regulatory Framework for AYUSH drugs

  1. News: Govt has considered setting up a structured central regulatory framework for AYUSH drugs.
  2. Context: Current proposal is to develop a vertical structure for AYUSH in the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization(CDSCO)
  3. Amendment needed: In Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 pertaining to regulation of Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani, Sowa-rigpa and Homoeopathy drugs have been conceptualized
  4. Regulation: AYUSH drugs are regulated in accordance with the provisions of Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules thereunder
  5. Good Manufacturing Practices and Standards of AYUSH drugs as prescribed in the Drugs & Cosmetics Rules and Pharmacopoeias are
    mandatory for the manufacturers to follow
  1. News: Govt has considered setting up a structured central regulatory framework for AYUSH drugs.
  2. Context: Current proposal is to develop a vertical structure for AYUSH in the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization(CDSCO)
  3. Amendment needed: In Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 pertaining to regulation of Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani, Sowa-rigpa and Homoeopathy drugs have been conceptualized
  4. Regulation: AYUSH drugs are regulated in accordance with the provisions of Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules thereunder
  5. Good Manufacturing Practices and Standards of AYUSH drugs as prescribed in the Drugs & Cosmetics Rules and Pharmacopoeias are
    mandatory for the manufacturers to follow

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

India and U.S. Partner on Cancer and Traditional Medicine Research Efforts

  1. Conext: First U.S.-India Workshop on Traditional Medicine began in New Delhi
  2. Participants will share current traditional medicine therapies and practices for cancer in U.S. and India
  3. Relevance: This effort underscores the discussions between the U.S. President and the Indian Prime Minister to encourage bilateral dialogue on traditional medicine
  4. Important for: Incorporating more scientific inputs in Traditional Medicines which can help mainstreaming AYUSH systems in patient health care across the globe
  5. India is also collaborating with WHO in the area of Traditional Medicine which will help in achieving international acceptability and positioning of AYUSH systems
  1. Conext: First U.S.-India Workshop on Traditional Medicine began in New Delhi
  2. Participants will share current traditional medicine therapies and practices for cancer in U.S. and India
  3. Relevance: This effort underscores the discussions between the U.S. President and the Indian Prime Minister to encourage bilateral dialogue on traditional medicine
  4. Important for: Incorporating more scientific inputs in Traditional Medicines which can help mainstreaming AYUSH systems in patient health care across the globe
  5. India is also collaborating with WHO in the area of Traditional Medicine which will help in achieving international acceptability and positioning of AYUSH systems

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

Conservation of endangered medicinal plants

  1. Context: To look into all matters related to medicinal plants, Govt has set up National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) under Ministry of AYUSH in year 2000
  2. Function: Working towards conservation and development of medicinal plants, with promotion of medicinal plants cultivation on farmers land to meet the ever increasing demand
  3. Botanical Survey of India: out of 8,000 medicinal plants only 53 species are under threatened categories like Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable
  4. Schemes for development of medicinal plants sector:
  • Central Sector Scheme for Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants
  • Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM)
  1. Context: To look into all matters related to medicinal plants, Govt has set up National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) under Ministry of AYUSH in year 2000
  2. Function: Working towards conservation and development of medicinal plants, with promotion of medicinal plants cultivation on farmers land to meet the ever increasing demand
  3. Botanical Survey of India: out of 8,000 medicinal plants only 53 species are under threatened categories like Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable
  4. Schemes for development of medicinal plants sector:
  • Central Sector Scheme for Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants
  • Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM)

AYUSH – Indian Medicine System

Integration of traditional Indian Medicine System

  1. Context: Integrate the traditional Indian Medicine System into Modern Medicine system to promote a healthy life
  2. India is famous the world over for its AYUSH systems of medicine including Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa &
    Homoeopathy
  3. Proposal: The AYUSH has proposed the integration of Allopathic & Ayurvedic systems to give better results for treatment of various illnesses
  1. Context: Integrate the traditional Indian Medicine System into Modern Medicine system to promote a healthy life
  2. India is famous the world over for its AYUSH systems of medicine including Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa &
    Homoeopathy
  3. Proposal: The AYUSH has proposed the integration of Allopathic & Ayurvedic systems to give better results for treatment of various illnesses
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