The views expressed in conferences like this become pointers in mains answer on international relations, especially giving way forward/ solutions.
Important for prelims as well as mains. Also know about other conferences like Heart of Asia (here).
India is trying to maintain a good foreign policy with Afghanistan. This op-ed is important from Mains point of view. This is one of the region where India has a larger likelihood to gain prominence than China because of our geographical position.
Also look at the first 3 lines – transition of an important trade route to a terrorist infested block. Poetic lines for a good introduction!
This news shows how Afg and India have recently come together to pressure Pak on terrorism. Until recently Afg was trying to have friendly relations with Pak to help counter Taliban insurgents based out of Pak. Pak’s inability or unwillingness to help Afg has changed the dynamics, with Afg moving closer to India. Terms such as Amritsar Declaration are also important from a prelims perspective.
The Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA) was founded on November 2nd, 2011 in Istanbul, Turkey. It puts Afg at the centre of a process which seeks to bring peace in the region. It is comprised of 14 participating countries, 17 supporting countries, and 12 supporting regional and international organizations.
The Chabahar port project demonstrates a fatal weakness of India’s foreign policy – execution. While we are part of a no. of organisations in our neighborhood from SAARC to BIMSTEC, none of them have achieved their goals due to a lack of execution of projects by India.
All terms mentioned in this article have been in the news for many years. If you have been studying well and revising your notes, there should be nothing new here. Scroll down in the India-Afganisthan story to revise this topic.
Since India holds this year’s Heart of Asia conference, it becomes an important topic for this year’s Prelims
Importance for mains: It demonstrates a more active role in Afg by India. Previously, India hesitated to help Afg due to objections from Pak.
Mr. Modi was addressing the Afghan Parliament after inaugurating its building built by India at a cost of $90 million in the presence of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani.
As one of the 14 member countries of Istanbul Process, India has volunteered to host the sixth meeting next year.