Exercises like these are important for prelims. They can also be used as part of answers for India-US, India-Japan relations. Or about India’s Act East policy (due to inclusion of Japan).
1. India and US have regularly conducted the annual bilateral exercise named ‘MALABAR’ since 1992. Since 2007, MALABAR has been held alternatively off India and in the Western Pacific. The 19th edition of the exercise, Ex MALABAR-15, was conducted off Chennai and included participation by the Japan.
2. The primary aim of this exercise is to increase interoperability amongst the three navies and develop common understanding of procedures for Maritime Security Operations.
Deteriorating relations between the US and Russia have been responsible for the closeness between Russia and China recently. This has further led Russia to support Pakistan in fora such as the recently concluded Heart of Asia conference in Amritsar. Better relations under Trump between Russia and US will counteract this trend.
Add these to your notes on India-US relations. If you have been reading the news regularly then this should not be be new to you.
This is an important bilateral agreement with the U.S. Go through the B2B mentioned below and revise your concept on MECRs. Quite important for Prelims.
A Multilateral Export Control Regime (MECR) is an international body that states use to organize their national export control systems. There are currently 4 such regimes:
This would not be the first time the US has put the environmental movt in danger. It previously backed out of the Kyoto Protocol. Such decisions could set back progress and worsen the climate change impact in the long run. In the short term it could alter the power balance with India and China assuming leadership of the environmental movt.
This news article indicates the strengthening relationship between US and India. Especially note the status of Major Defence Partner for India.
What are LSA, CISMOA and BECA agreements?
Welcome to the world of 3 foundational agreements that the US has been insisting on India to sign to further enhance the bilateral defence and strategic relationship.
The Logistics Support Agreement (LSA)
LSA would allow each other to access their military bases without any conflict for e.g in 1991 Gulf war India denied the US from refuelling its aircraft from Indian territory.
The Communication and Information Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA)
The Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA)
This news is mainly important because of the many agreements listed. Questions based on it could come in prelims and mains. You could be asked for short notes, or to give their features, importance etc.
The U.S. decision has major implications on generic drugs, affordability of medicines and on efficient sourcing
The LSA would be particularly beneficial at the time of disaster relief operations like the one India undertook in the wake of the Asian Tsunami in 2004.
On the other two agreements the CISMOA and BECA, however, India has deeper concerns as it involves giving the U.S. access to India’s encrypted systems.
In addition to the LSA, includes –
India and the U.S. have identified 17 new areas for potential cooperation under Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI).